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Rhinocheilus antonii DUGÈS, 1886

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymRhinocheilus antonii DUGÈS 1886
Rhinocheilus antonii antonii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945: 120
Rhinocheilus lecontei antoni — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955
Rhinocheilus lecontei antonii — HARDY 1969: 195
Rhinocheilus lecontei antonii — WEBB 1984
Rhinocheilus lecontei antonii — MEHRTENS 1987: 201
Rhinocheilus antonii — SMITH et al. 2004
Rhinocheilus antonii — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2004: 210
Rhinocheilus lecontei antonii — FLORES-VILLELA et al. 2010
Rhinocheilus antonii — WILSON et al. 2013
Rhinocheilus lecontei antonii — FLORES-VILLELA et al. 2016
Rhinocheilus lecontei antonii — HEIMES 2016
Rhinocheilus lecontei — WOOLRICH-PIÑA et al. 2016
Rhinocheilus antonii — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Sonora ?, Nayarit)

Type locality: San Blas near Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico (probably in error and actually San BIas, Nayarit, Mexico).  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MDUG (Museo Alfredo Duges, Guanajuato, Mexico), juvenile female, collector unknown 
Diagnosis 
CommentSubspecies: The species status of antonii is contested. Dahn et al. 2018 don’t even mention it. See also Rhinocheilus lecontei.

Distribution: not in Sonora fide Lemos-Espinal et al. 2019 although Heimes 2016 mentions it for S Sonora. Not in Sinaloa (Lemos-Espinal & Smith 2020). 
References
  • Dugès, A. 1886. Sur le Rhinocheilus antonii. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23: 290–291 - get paper here
  • FLORES-VILLELA, OSCAR; CÉSAR A. RÍOS-MUÑOZ, GLORIA E. MAGAÑA-COTA & NÉSTOR L. QUEZADAS-TAPIA 2016. Alfredo Dugès’ type specimens of amphibians and reptiles revisited. Zootaxa 4092 (1): 033–054 - get paper here
  • FLORES-VILLELA, OSCAR; VICTOR HUGO REYNOSO & GLORIA MAGAÑA-COTA 2010. More notes on Alfredo Dugès’ names for Mexican reptilian taxa. [Chalinocnemis, Spasmocnemis, Sceloporus westphalii nomina nuda]. Zootaxa 2600: 66–68 - get paper here
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A., Smith, H.M., Chiszar, D. & Woolrich-Piña, G. 2004. Snakes from Chihuahua and adjacent states of Mexico. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 39(11), 206–213 - get paper here
  • Manier, M.K. 2004. Geographic variation in the Long-nosed Snake, Rhinocheilus lecontei (Colubridae): Beyond the subspecies debate. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 83(1): 65-85 - get paper here
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Smith, H.M., J.A. Lemos-Espinal & D. Chiszar 2004. The Status of Rhinocheilus antonii Dugès (Reptilia: Serpentes) Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 40(4): 175-178. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Taylor, Edward H. 1945. An annotated checklist and key to the snakes of Mexico. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (187): iv + 1-239 - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Wilson, Larry David; Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson 2013. A conservation reassessment of the reptiles of Mexico based on the EVS measure. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 7 (1): 1–47 - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
  • Zweifel,R.G. and Norris,K.S. 1955. Contributions to the herpetology of Sonora, Mexico:Descriptions of new subspecies of snakes (Micruroides euryxanthus and Lampropeltis getulus) and miscellaneous collecting notes. American Midland Naturalist 54: 230-249 - get paper here
 
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