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Rhinophis saffragamus KELAART, 1853

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Large Shieldtail Snake 
SynonymUropeltis philippinus CUVIER 1829 (nomen nudum)
Uropeltis philippina — WAGLER 1830 (nomen nudum)
Uropeltis philippinus MÜLLER 1832: 252
Uropeltis philippinus — COCTEAU 1833
Uropeltis philippinus — EYDOUX & GERVAIS 1837: 2
Pseudo-typhlops philippinus SCHLEGEL 1839
Uropeltis saffraganus KELAART 1853
Uropeltis saffragamus [sic] — KELAART 1854: 27
Uropeltis grandis KELAART 1853
Uropeltis pardalis KELAART 1853
Uropeltis philippinus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 161
Uropeltis grandis — GRAY 1858: 378
Uropeltis pardalis — GRAY 1858: 378
Uropeltis ? philippinus — GRAY 1858: 378
Uropeltis philippinus — JAN 1865
Uropeltis grandis — BEDDOME 1886: 9
Uropeltis grandis — BOULENGER 1893: 139
Uropeltis grandis — WALL 1921: 26
Pseudotyphlops philippinus — SMITH 1943: 93
Pseudotyphlops philippinus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 135
Pseudotyphlops philippinus — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011
Pseudotyphlops philippinus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 608
Rhinophis saffragamus — PYRON et al. 2016 (replacement name) 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: ,,Ratnapoora, . . . District of Saffragam, near Adam‘s Peak", Sri Lanka [Uropeltis saffraganus KELAART]

Type locality: ,,Kerinday‘ near Matura‘ . . . Southern Province”, Sri Lanka [Uropeltis grandis KELAART]

Type locality: ,‚Matura", Sri Lanka [Uropeltis pardalis KELAART]  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 5621 (Uropeltis philippinus CUVIER)
Holotype: Lost (fide TAYLOR 1953) [Uropeltis saffraganus KELAART]
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.8.1 (formerly [Uropeltis grandis KELAART]
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.16.55 (formerly [Uropeltis pardalis KELAART] 
CommentType species: Uropeltis philippinus is the type species of the genus Pseudotyphlops Schlegel, 1839. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cocteau, TH. 1833. Sur le genre de reptiles ophidiens nommé Uropeltis par CUVIER, et description d'une espèce de ce genre. Magazine Zool. Guérin, Paris, Vol. 3 Classe III, pp. 1-7, pl. 2 (no page numbers) - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2003. Diversity of snakes (on the materials of the exposition of the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University). Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 376 pp
  • Eydoux, F. & P. Gervais 1837. Voyage de la Favourite. Reptiles. Dragon spiloptère, Draco spilopterus. Magasin Zool. Guérin, Paris, III: 1 - 10 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 376-381 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 9. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris [1864] - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Description of new or little-known species of reptiles collected in Ceylon. J. Ceylon Branch Roy. Asiatic Soc., Colombo, 22 (6): 102-116
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Prodromus Faunae Zeylanicae: Descriptions of new or little known reptiles. Colombo, 2 (1): 11-22, [1854] - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1853. Description of new or little-known species of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13 (3): 25-31, [1854] (a modified version of this paper was reproduced in Prodromus Faunae Zeylanicae, Appendix) - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1854. Catalogue of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13: 137-140 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Müller, JOHANN 1832. Beiträge zur Anatomie und Naturgeschichte der Amphibien. . . . 7. Über die Schlangen mit einem Hornschild am Körperende, gen. Rhinophis und Uropeltis. In TIEDEMANN & TREVIARNUS. Z. Physiol., Heidelberg, Leipzig, art. 19, 4 (2):190-275. - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Pyron, A.R. and Somaweera, R. 2019. Further notes on the Sri Lankan uropeltid snakes Rhinophis saffragamus (Kelaart, 1853) and Uropeltis ruhunae Deraniyagala, 1954. Zootaxa 4560(3):592-600 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1839. Abbildungen neuer oder unvollständig bekannter Amphibien, nach der Natur oder dem Leben entworfen und mit einem erläuternden Texte begleitet. Arne and Co., Düsseldorf, xiv + 141 pp.
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1953. Report on a collection of Ceylonese serpents. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (14): 1615-1624 - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp. [1830-1832] - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Williams, Ernest E. 1959. The occipito-vertebral joint in the burrowing snakes of the family Uropeltidae. Breviora (106): 1-10 - get paper here
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