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Riama simotera (O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1879)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: O'Shaughnessy's Lightbulb Lizard 
SynonymEmphrassotis simoterus O’SHAUGHNESSY 1879: 296
Proctoporus simoterus — BOULENGER 1885: 414
Proctoporus simoterus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 240
Proctoporus simoterus — DOAN & SCHARGEL 2003
Riama simoterus — DOAN & CASTOE et al. 2005
Riama simotera — SANCHEZ-PACHECO 2010 
DistributionEcuador (western slopes of Andes, 2000-3300 m elevation), Colombia (Nariño)

Type locality: Intac, Ecuador.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.1.6 
EtymologyKIZIRIAN (1996) was uncertain of the etymology of the specific epithet, simoterus, except that it is considered to be an adjective. The first part of the name, simo-, may be derived from the Greek word simo meaning "pug-nosed," a characteristic mentioned in the first sentence of the original description. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Doan, T. M. & Castoe, T.A. 2005. Phylogenetic taxonomy of the Cercosaurini (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), with new genera for species of Neusticurus and Proctoporus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 143: 405–416. - get paper here
  • Doan, T.M. & Schargel, W.E. 2003. Bridging the gap in Proctoporus distribution: a new species (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Andes of Venezuela. Herpetologica 59 (1): 68-75 - get paper here
  • Kizirian, D. A. 1996. A review of Ecuadorian Proctoporus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Herpetological Monographs 10: 85-155 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1879. Description of new species of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 4: 295-303 - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Pacheco, S. , Aguirre-Peñafiel, V. , Torres-Carvajal, O. 2012. Lizards of the genus Riama (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae): the diversity in southern Ecuador revisited. South American J. Herp. 7 (3): 259-275 - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Pacheco, S.J. 2010. A New “Microteiid” Lizard (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae: Riama) from Southwestern Colombia. Herpetologica 66 (3): 349-356 - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Pacheco, Santiago J., José Vicente Rueda-Almonacid andMarco Rada 2010. Notes on the occurrence of Riama simotera (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) in Colombia. Herpetological Bulletin (113) - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Pacheco, Santiago J.; David A. Kizirian, and Pedro M. Sales-Nunes 2011. A New Species of Riama from Ecuador Previously Referred to as Riama hyposticta (Boulenger, 1902) (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum Novitates (3719): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Sanchez-Pacheco. Santiago J. 2010. Lectotype designation and redescription of the Gymnophthalmid Lizard Riama columbiana (Andersson, 1914) with notes on the type locality. Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 50 (2): 31-41 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
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