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Rieppeleon brevicaudatus (MATSCHIE, 1892)

IUCN Red List - Rieppeleon brevicaudatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bearded pygmy chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleon (Brookesia) brevicaudatus MATSCHIE 1892: 107
Rhampholeo Boettgeri PFEFFER 1893: 76
Rhampholeon brevicaudatus — WERNER 1911: 46
Brookesia brevicaudata — LOVERIDGE 1957
Rhampholeon brevicaudatus — NECAS 1999: 284
Rhampholeon brevicaudatus — SPAWLS et al. 2001
Rieppeleon brevicaudatus — MATTHEE et al. 2004
Rieppeleon brevicaudatus — TILBURY 2010: 213
Rieppeleon brevicaudatus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 246 
DistributionE Tanzania, Kenya

Type locality: Derema, Usambara Mts., Tanzania.  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 11349
Holotype: ZMH 1287; ZMH R 07911 fide Hallermann (2006: 140), cited in Klaver 2020 [Rhampholeo Boettgeri] 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “brevis, -e” = short and “cauda, -ae” = tail. 
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Emmett, D.A. 2004. Altitudinal distribution of the short-tailed pygmy chameleon (Rhampholeon brevicaudatus) and the Usambara pitted pygmy chameleon (R. temporalis) in Tanzania. African Herp News (37): 12-13 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Klaver, C. 2020. Notes on the typification of several chameleon taxa (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 13-117. - get paper here
  • Lettow-Vorbeck, N. von 2016. Tansanias Süden - Ein Paradies für Reptilien- und Wirbellosenfans. Reptilia 21 (122): 74-79 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1920. Notes on East African lizards collected 1915-1919, with description of a new genus and species of skink and new subspecies of gecko. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1920: 131-167 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1957. On a third collection of reptiles taken in Tanganyika by C.J.P. Ionides, Esq. Tanganyika Notes and Records 43: 1-19
  • Lutzmann, N. 2004. Das niedrigfrequente Vibrieren der Chamäleons. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 34-36 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 2004. Vibrating behaviour in chameleons. Reptilia (GB) (35): 37-38 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N.; Esser, S.; Flamme, A. & Schneider, H. 2004. Haltung und Vermehrung des Stummelschwanzchamäleons Rhampholeon brevicaudatus. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 28-33 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N.; Esser, S.; Flamme, A. & Schneider, H. 2004. Rhampholeon brevicaudatus: care and breeding of the stump-tailed chameleon. Reptilia (GB) (35): 22-27 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, J.V., Howell, K.M., Munishi, L.K., Treydte, A.C. 2019. Uzungwa Scarp Nature Forest Reserve; a unique hotspot for reptiles in Tanzania. Acta Herpetologica 14 (1): 3-14 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, John Valentine 2017. The Reptiles of the Uzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve (USFR): An Updated Checklist with Notes on Dagger-Tooth Vine Snake Xyelodontophis uluguruensis. Journal of East African Natural History 106(2):57-65. - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; David M. Mulwa, Joash O. Nyamache, Georgina Jones 2017. Biogeography of the Shimba Hills ecosystem herpetofauna in Kenya. Zoological Research 38(5): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Mariaux, Jean and Colin R. Tilbury. 2006. The pygmy chameleons of the eastern Arc range (Tanzania): Evolutionary relationships and the description of three new species of Rhampholeon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). The Herpetological Journal 16 (3): 315-331 - get paper here
  • Matschie, P. 1892. Über eine kleine Sammlung von Säugethieren und Reptilien, welche Herr L. Conradt aus Usambara (Deutsch Ostafrika) heimgebracht hat. Sber. Ges. naturf. Freunde, Berlin (1892): 101-110. - get paper here
  • Matthee, C.; Tilbury, C.R. & Townsend, T. 2004. A phylogenetic review of the African leaf chameleons: genus Rhampholeon (Chamaeleonidae): the role of vicariance and climate change in speciation. Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B271: 1967-1975 - get paper here
  • Menegon, M.; Salvidio, S. & Tilbury, C. 2002. A new dwarf chamaeleon from the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania, East Africa (Squamata: Rhampholeon Günther 1874). Journal of Herpetology 36 (1): 51-57 - get paper here
  • Müller, R. & hildenhagen, T. 2009. Untersuchungen zu Subdigital- und Subcaudalstrukturen bei Chamäleons (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). Sauria 31 (3): 41-54 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Geheimnisvolle Mini-Drachen: Die Erd- und Stummelschwanzchamäleons der Gattungen Brookesia und Rhampholeon. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stummelschwanzchamäleons - Miniaturdrachen des Regenwalds. Die Gattungen Brookesia und Rhampholeon. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 255 pp. [review in Reptilia, Münster, 11 (5): 94]
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Mysterious Mini-Dragons: the stump-tailed chameleons Brookesia and Rhampholeon. Reptilia (GB) (35): 10-21 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Patrick, David A.; Philip Shirk, James R. Vonesh, Elizabeth B. Harper, and Kim M. Howell 2011. Abundance and Roosting Ecology of Chameleons in the East Usambara Mountains of Tanzania and the Potential Effects of Harvesting. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (3) - get paper here
  • Pfeffer, G. 1893. Ostafrikanische Reptilien und Amphibien, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann im Jahre 1888 und 1889. Jb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 10: 71-105.
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Marie Altmanová , Martina Johnson Pokorná , Petr Velenský , Antonio Sánchez Baca Orcid and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2017. Evolution of Karyotypes in Chameleons. Genes 8(12): 382; doi:10.3390/genes8120382 - get paper here
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • SCHNEIDER, V.& N. LUTZMANN 2003. Das Stummelschwanzchamäleon Rhampholeon brevicaudatus, seine Haltung und Zucht. CHAMAELEO 13(1): 23-25 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury C R; Emmrich D 1996. A new dwarf forest chameleon (Squamata: Rhampholeon Gunther 1874) from Tanzania, East Africa with notes on its infrageneric and zoogeographic relationships. Tropical Zoology 9 (1): 61-71 - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • van Hoof, J. et al. 2006. Kameleons, een fascinerende hobby. Lacerta 64 (5-6): 1-96 - get paper here
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