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Saara loricata (BLANFORD, 1874)

IUCN Red List - Saara loricata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Iraqi Mastigure, Iraqi Spiny-tailed Lizard
G: Irakische Dornschwanzagame 
SynonymCentrotrachelus loricatus BLANFORD 1874: 660
Centrotrachelus loricatus — BLANFORD 1881: 677
Uromastix loricatus — BOULENGER 1885: 409
Uromastix costatus MÜLLER 1885: 294 (fide BOULENGER, Zool. Rec. 1885)
Uromastyx asmussi loricatus – MERTENS 1956: 93
Uromastyx loricatus — CLARK et al. 1966
Uromastyx loricatus — WERMUTH 1967: 103
Uromastyx loricata — FRYNTA 1997
Uromastyx loricatus — ANDERSON 1999
Saara hardwickii — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx loricata — ŠMÍD et al. 2014 
DistributionIraq, SW Iran (Kurdistan-Kermanshah, Khusestan-Lorestan, Fars, Bushehr)

Type locality: “haud procul a Bushire, urebe ad litus sinus Persici”.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.11.59, female, Bushir, Iraq, pres. P.L. Sclater, without date.
Holotype: NMBA = NHMB 3491, female [costatus] 
DiagnosisDifferential diagnosis: This taxon is distinguished from Saara hardwickii by having 1–2 rows of unkeeled intercalary scales separating each tail whorl dorsally (2–6 keeled intercalary scales in S. hardwickii). S. loricata is distinguished from S. asmussi in having more pre-anofemoral pores (8–13 in S. asmussi vs. 15–20 in S. loricata).
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014, Ghaedi et al. 2020 for distribution in Iran. 
  • Anderson, S.C. 1963. Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. Ser. 4, 31(16): 417-498 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1874. Descriptions of two Uromasticine lizards from Mesopotamia and Southern Persia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1874: 656-161 - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1881. On a collection of Persian reptiles recently added to the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 671-682 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Ghaedi, Z., Badri, S., Vaissi, R. S. P., Javidkar, M., & Ahmadzadeh, F. 2020. The Zagros Mountains acting as a natural barrier to gene flow in the Middle East: more evidence from the evolutionary history of spiny-tailed lizards (Uromasticinae: Saara). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society - get paper here
  • Ghaedi, Z., Qashqaei, A. T., & Mahdavi, A. 2021. Burrow structure and site selection of the Mesopotamian Spiny-tailed Lizard, Saara loricata (Blanford, 1874)(Squamata: Agamidae) in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East, 1-3 - get paper here
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. [type catalogue] Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Müller,F. 1885. Vierter Nachtrag zum Katalog der herpetologischen Sammlung des Basler Museums. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 7: 668-717 - get paper here
  • Nazari-serenjeh, Farzaneh & Farhang Torki 2017. Geographical distribution and conservation biology of the Mesopotamian spiny-tailed lizard Saara loricata in Bushehr Province, southern Iran. Herpetological Bulletin (139): - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Takesh, M., Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Gharzi, A., Azadbakht, M., Jalili, C., & Anderson, S. C. 2020. A Monograph on the Osteology of Mesopotamian Spiny-tailed Lizards, Saara loricata (Blanford, 1874)(Sauria: Agamidae: Uromastycinae). Herpetological Monographs, 34(1): 208-245
  • Werner, F. 1917. Reptilien aus Persien (Provinz Fars). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 67:191—220. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2001. Dornschwanzagamen, 2. Aufl. Herpeton, Offenbach, 142 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Dornschwanzagamen der Gattung Uromastyx - Einführung in Taxonomie und Ökologie einer auf Wüsten spezialisierten Echsengruppe. Draco 8 (31): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang; Wagner, Philipp; Lutzmann, Nicolà; Andreas Schmitz 2009. On the Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the Genus Saara Gray, 1845. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56: 55-99 - get paper here
  • Wilms,T. 1995. Dornschwanzagamen. MÜNSTER: 130 (ISBN 3-9802892-5-7) - get paper here
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