You are here » home advanced search Salvator merianae

Salvator merianae DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839

IUCN Red List - Salvator merianae - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Salvator merianae?

Add your own observation of
Salvator merianae »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaTeiidae, Tupinambinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesSalvator merianae merianae (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839)
Salvator merianae buzioensis (MÜLLER 1968)
Salvator merianae sebastiani (MÜLLER 1968) 
Common NamesE: Argentine Black and White Tegu, Argentine giant tegu
Portuguese: Jacuraru, Lagarto, Lagarto-Comum, Lagarto-Tejo, Tegu, Teiú, Teiuaçu, Teiú-Açu, Teiú-Branco, Teiú-Brasileiro, Teiú-Comum, Teiú-Gigante, Tejo, Teju, Tejú, Tejuaçu, Tejú-Açu, Tejuguaçu, Tiju, Tiú, Tiú-Açu 
SynonymLacertus Tupinambis LACÉPÈDE 1788
Salvator merianae DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 85
Teius teguixim — GRAY 1845: 16
Tupinambis teguixin — BOULENGER 1885b: 335
Tejus tejuexin — CAMP 1923: 377
Tupinambis rufescens — PRESCH 1973: 743 (part)
Tupinambis merianae — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Tupinambis merianae — VRCIBRADIC et al. 2011
Salvator merianae — HARVEY et al. 2012
Tupinambis merianae — AVILA et al. 2013
Tupinambis merianae — CROTHER et al. 2017

Salvator merianae buzioensis (MÜLLER 1968)
Tupinambis teguixin buzioensis MÜLLER 1968
Tupinambis teguixin buzioensis — BÖHME 2010
Salvator merianae buzioensis — HARVEY et al. 2012 (by implication)

Salvator merianae sebastiani (MÜLLER 1968)
Tupinambis teguixin sebastiani MÜLLER 1968
Tupinambis teguixin sebastiani — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 272
Tupinambis teguixin sebastiani — BÖHME 2010
Salvator merianae sebastiani — HARVEY et al. 2012 (by implication) 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Rio Grande do Sul, Goias, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Ceará, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Sergipe, Piauí, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Paraíba), Uruguay, Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Formosa, Corrientes)

USA (introduced to Florida, Georgia, South Carolina)

Type locality: Cayenne, French Guiana; Brazil; Montevideo, Uruguay.  
TypesHolotype: unlocated
Holotype: ZFMK 89199, paratypes in ZFMK; originally Zoogeographical Collection of the University of the Saarland (ZCUS) at Saarbriicken which was transferred to ZFMK in 2010 [buzioensis]
Holotype: ZFMK 89193, paratypes in ZFMK; originall ZCUS but transferred to ZFMK in 2010 [sebastiani] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Salvator is the only genus of Teiidae with the combination of two loreals, smooth ventrals, and a subcylindrical tail with two divided caudal annuli alternating with complete annuli. Unlike the superficially similar genus Tupinambis (characters in parentheses), Salvator also has a round pupil (reniform), complete row of lateral supraocular granules (absent), an incomplete or absent intertympanic sulcus (complete), and keeled proximal subcaudals (smooth).

Some obvious differences in coloration also distinguish Salvator from Tupinambis. In Salvator, the dorsolateral stripe starts on the posterior supraciliary and extends to a paravertebral position on the body where it is mostly broken. In contrast, the dorsolateral stripe of Tupinambis starts at the same location on the supraciliary but remains in the dorsolateral position. As in Salvator, the stripe is difficult to see and broken in most species, but it is distinct in T. quadrilineatus. In Salvator, the upper lateral stripe is distinct, starts below the eye, and extends (often broken) to a point above the leg as in Kentropyx. In contrast, the upper lateral stripe of Tupinambis is very indistinct or absent, and it is not present on the flanks except in T. quadrilineatus. Nonetheless, even in T. quadrilineatus the stripe is broken and extends to the groin rather than above the leg as it does in Salvator. Finally, juvenile Salvator have white spots on the thighs and a bright green (S. merianae) or somewhat olivaceous (S. rufescens) color on the head, whereas juvenile Tupinambis lack white spots, basically resemble adults, and do not exhibit an ontogenetic change in dorsal head coloration (Harvey et al. 2012).
CommentType species: Salvator merianae is the type species of the genus Salvator Duméril and Bibron 1839.

Synonymy: Presch (1973) referred most specimens of T. merianae to T. rufescens. Avila-Pires (1995) rejected Presch’s (1973) results and redescribed T. merianae.

Distribution: Due to confusion in nomenclature there are still wrong ranges given in many sources. For a discussion see Avila-Pires (1995). In São Paulo fide Abrão Gomes da Silva Filho (27. Oct 2015; see also link). 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): Salvator is a masculine Latin noun in the nominative singular. In a somewhat florid footnote to their new name, Duméril and Bibron (1839) explain that “Salvator” was at the time a name frequently used for Jesus Christ in hymns of the Christian Church. The name was no doubt inspired by the common name “Sauvegardes,” meaning protector or savior in French and used by Cuvier and his contemporaries, especially in popular literature. 
  • Abrahão, C.R.; J.C. Russell, J.C.R. Silva, F. Ferreira and R.A. Dias 2019. Population assessment of a novel island invasive: tegu (Salvator merianae) of Fernando de Noronha. In: Veitch et al., eds. Island invasives, IUCN, pp. 317–325 - get paper here
  • Alcalde, L., Cassano, M.J., Sánchez, R.M. & Belén-Tenorio, A. 2019. Species composition, abundance and diet of a squamate assemblage from the Carnaval stream headwaters (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Urban Ecosyst - get paper here
  • Almeida, Rony Peterson Santos, Jefferson Oliveira Lima and Eduardo José Dos Reis Dias. 2015. Salvator merianae (tegu) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 436 - get paper here
  • Araujo, Cybele O.; Fábio Maffei, Décio T. Corrêa, Guilherme M. Moya, Bruno T. M. Nascimento, Selma Maria A. Santos 2014. Lizards from Estação Ecológica de Santa Bárbara, a remnant of Cerrado in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1038-10 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Barbosa, Vanessa do Nascimento; Amaral, Jéssica Monique da Silva; Alcantara, Edivania do Nascimento Pereira; dos Santos, Ednilza Maranhão 2018. Herpetofauna de uma área de caatinga em Taquaritinga do Norte, agreste de Pernambuco, Brasil. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (2): 109-115 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Bezerra, P. E. S., Santana, F. M., & de Moura, G. J. B. 2021. Sustainability assessment of a lizard assemblage in Pernambuco state, Brazil. Journal for Nature Conservation, 125957
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2010. A list of the herpetological type specimens in the Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn. Bonn zoological Bulletin 59: 79-108 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Bueno-Gavira, Rodrigo Samuel 2018. Another case of Rhinella schneideri (WERNER, 1894), devoured by Salvator merianae DUMERIL& BIBRON, 1839. Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 99 - 100 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Caldeira Costa, H.; Dias Fernandes, V.; Castro Rodrigues, A. & Neves Feio, R. 2009. Lizards and Amphisbaenians, municipality of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. Check List 5 (3): 732–745 - get paper here
  • Campos-Casal, Fernando H.; Francisco A. Cortez, Eliana I. Gomez, and Silvia N. Chamut 2020. Chemical Composition and Microstructure of Recently Oviposited Eggshells of Salvator merianae (Squamata: Teiidae). Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 15 (1): - get paper here
  • Cano, Paula Daniela; Héctor Alejandro Ball, Matías Federico Carpinetto, Germán Darío Peña 2015. Reptile checklist of Río Pilcomayo National Park, Formosa, Argentina. Check List 11 (3): 1658 - get paper here
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Castro, Deborah Praciano de; Sarah Mângia, Felipe de Medeiros Magalhães, David Lucas Röhr, Felipe Camurugi, Ricardo Rodrigues da Silveira Filho, Margarida Maria Xavier da Silva, John Allyson Andrade-Oliveira, Tiago Agostinho de Sousa, Frederico Gusta 2019. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga VI: The Ubajara National Park, Ceará, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 727-742 - get paper here
  • Castro, T.M. & Teixeira, R.L. 2007. Straßenverkehr als Bedrohung für die Amphibien und Reptilien des Atlantischen Regenwalds in Südost-Brasilien. Eine Fallstudie. Sauria 29 (2): 35-42 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Cecchetto, Nicolas Rodolfo; Naretto, Sergio 2015. Do sex, body size and reproductive condition influence the thermal preferences of a large lizard? A study in Tupinambis merianae. Journal of Thermal Biology, doi:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2015.09.001 - get paper here
  • Chiarello, Adriano G.; Srbek-Araujo, Ana C.; Del-Duque Jr., Hermano J.; Coelho, Eduardo de R.; Rocha, Carlos F.D. 2010. Abundance of tegu lizards (Tupinambis merianae) in a remnant of the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Amphibia-Reptilia 31 (4): 563-570 - get paper here
  • Cole, Jenna M.; Cassidy Klovanish, and Frank J. Mazzotti 2019. Mating of Argentine Black-and-white Tegus (Salvator merianae) in Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 26 (2): 121–122 - get paper here
  • Costa, Taís Borges; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Francis Luiz Santos Caldas, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Cristiana Ferreira da Silva, Edna Paulino de Alcântara, Samuel Vieira Brito, Jéssica Yara Galdino, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Renato Gomes Faria, Frederi 2018. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga VII: Aiuaba Ecological Station (Ceará, Brazil). Herpetology Notes 11: 929-941 - get paper here
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • Cozer, J. S., Pereira-Ribeiro, J., Linause, T. M., Ferreguetti, A. C., de Godoy Bergallo, H., & da Rocha, C. F. D. 2020. Reptile diversity in the Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206040-e20206040 - get paper here
  • DE LIMA, R. C. L., AND E. WILD 2020. Salvator merianae (Argentine Giant Tegu). Diet. Herpetological Review. 51:602-603.
  • De Oliveira Cabral, S; Katzenberger, M; De Oliveira, H S; Da Silva, R K & Calabuig, C; 2019. Salvator merianae (Black-and-white Tegu) Diet. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 144 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Entiauspe-Neto, Omar Machado; Tângela Denise Perleberg and Marco Antonio de Freitas 2016. Herpetofauna from an urban Pampa fragment in southern Brazil: composition, structure and conservation. Check List 12(5): 1964 - get paper here
  • Farmer, C.G. 2016. A lizard that generates heat. Nature 529: 470-472 - get paper here
  • Fitzgerald, Lee A., Joseph A. Cook and A. Luz Aquino 1999. Molecular phylogenetics and conservation of Tupinambis (Sauria: Teiidae). Copeia 1999 (4): 894-905 - get paper here
  • Franzini, Lissa Dellefrate; Izabel Regina Soares Silva, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Fagner Ribeiro Delfim, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2019. Lizards fauna from the state of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil: current knowledge and sampling discontinuities. Herpetology Notes 12: 749-763 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Daniel da Silva Araújo, Hugo Estevam de Almeida Coelho, Weverton dos Santos Azevedo, Márcio Frazão Chaves, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2019. Herpetofauna of five "Brejos de Altitude" of the interior of the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 591-602 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Thais Figueiredo Santos Silva, Patrícia Mendes Fonseca, Breno Hamdan, Thiago Filadelfo 2019. Herpetofauna of Serra do Timbó, an Atlantic Forest remnant in the State of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 245-260 - get paper here
  • Gambarota, J C & Carreira, S; 2019. Salvator merianae (Common Tegu) Feeding. Herpetological Review 50 (3): 580-581 - get paper here
  • García-Valdez, María Valeria; Silvia Chamut, Gonzalo Valdez Jaen, Osvaldo E.A. Arce, Mario E. Manes 2011. Dynamics of ovarian follicles in Tupinambis merianae lizards. Acta Herpetologica 6 (2): 303-313 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Goetz SM, Steen DA, Miller MA, Guyer C, Kottwitz J, Roberts JF, et al. 2021. Argentine Black and White Tegu (Salvator merianae) can survive the winter under semi-natural conditions well beyond their current invasive range. PLoS ONE 16(3): e0245877 - get paper here
  • Gonçalves-Sousa, José Guilherme; Daniel Oliveira Mesquita & Robson Waldemar Ávila 2019. Structure of a Lizard Assemblage in a Semiarid Habitat of the Brazilian Caatinga. Herpetologica 75 (4): 301-314 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • Hanslowe, E.B., Calafiore, C.V., Sykes, K.N., Van Ee, N., Falk, B.G., Adams, A.A.Y. & Reed, R.N. 2017. Salvator merianae (Argentine Tegu) Attempted predation. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 659-660. - get paper here
  • Haro, D., McBrayer, L. D., Jensen, J. B., Gillis, J. M., Lea'R, B., Nafus, M. G., ... & Adams, A. A. Y. 2020. Evidence for an Established Population of Tegu Lizards (Salvator merianae) in Southeastern Georgia, USA. Southeastern Naturalist, 19(4), 649-662 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Ingaramo, María del Rosario; Marangoni, Federico; Cajade, Rodrigo 2015. Herpetofauna de la Reserva Paleontológica del Arroyo Toropí, Bella Vista, Corrientes, Argentina. Cuad. herpetol. 29 (1): - get paper here
  • Jarnevich, C. S., Hayes, M. A., Fitzgerald, L. A., Yackel Adams, A. A., Falk, B. G., Collier, M. A. M., … Reed, R. N. 2018. Modeling the distributions of tegu lizards in native and potential invasive ranges. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 10193 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, Bernard W., Kimberly J. Osorio, Kevin M. Enge and Richard M. Engeman. 2013. Tupinambis merianae (Argentine giant tegu); Pantherophis guttatus (red cornsnake) non-predatory killing. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 329 - get paper here
  • Kasperoviczus, Karina N.; Adolf Carl Krüger, Otavio A. V. Marques 2015. An elongated meal: the tegu lizard Salvator merianae eats snakes and amphisbaenians. Herpetology Notes 8: 21-23 - get paper here
  • Kiefer, Mara Cíntia & Ivan Sazima 2002. Diet of juvenile tegu lizard Tupinambis merianae (Teiidae) in southeastern Brazil. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 105-108 - get paper here
  • Linares, Antônio Meira and Paula Cabral Eterovick 2013. Herpetofaunal Surveys Support Successful Reconciliation Ecology in Secondary and Human-Modified Habitats at the Inhotim Institute, Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 69 (2): 237-256. - get paper here
  • López Juri, Guadalupe; Sergio Naretto, Ana Carolina Mateos, Margarita Chiaraviglio, and Gabriela Cardozo 2015. Influence of Life History Traits on Trophic Niche Segregation between Two Similar Sympatric Tupinambis Lizards. South American J. Herp. 10 (2): 132-142. - get paper here
  • Madella-Auricchio, Cláudia Renata; Paulo Auricchio Enio Saraiva Soares 2017. Reptile species composition in the Middle Gurguéia and comparison with inventories in the eastern Parnaíba River Basin, State of Piauí, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57(28): 375-386, - get paper here
  • Manzani, Paulo Roberto & Abe, Augusto Shinya 2002. A new species of Tupinambis Daudin, 1803 from Southeastern Brazil (Squamata, Teiidae). Arquivos do Museu Nacional Rio de Janeiro 60 (4): 295-302
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Melo, Íris Virgínea; Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura, Marco Antonio de Freitas, Edson Victor Euclides de Andrade, Cláudio Casal, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Marcelo Nogueira de Carvalho Kakubum 2018. New additions to herpetofauna of the Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, an urban Atlantic Rainforest Fragment, Recife municipality, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 245-254 - get paper here
  • Melo, Victor 2019. Diaphanocephalus galeatus Rudolphi, 1819 (Nematoda, Diaphanocephalidae) and Physaloptera tupinambae Pereira, Alves, Rocha, Lima and Luque, 2012 (Nematoda, Physalopteridae) on Salvator merianae Duméril & Bibron, 1839 (Squamata, Teiidae) in the States Herpetology Notes 12: 457-460 - get paper here
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Brygida Alves, Carmem Pedro, Daniel Laranjeiras, Francis Caldas, Isabella Pedrosa, Jefter Rodrigues, Leandro Drummond, Lucas Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela França, Frederico França 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474 - get paper here
  • Moraes Carvalho, Andréa de; Ayrton Klier Péres Júnior, Maria Auxiliadora Andrade, and Valéria de Sá Jayme 2013. Prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae in Tupinambis merianae (Squamata: Teiidae) from a captive facility in Central Brazil, with a profile of antimicrobial drug resistance in Salmonella enterica. Phyllomedusa 12 (1): 57-67
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Renato Silveira Bérnils, Julio Cesar de Moura-Leite 2017. RÉPTEIS DE CURITIBA: COLETÂNEA DE REGISTROS Hori Consultoria, Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil, 99 pp.
  • Müller, P. 1968. Die Herpetofauna der Insel São Sebastião (Brasilien). Saarbrücken: Saarbrücker Zeitung Verlag und Druckerei GmbH, 68 pp.
  • Muscat, Edelcio; Fabio Olmos & Elsie Rotenberg 2016. Salvator merianae (black and white tegu) scavaging around the nests of Fregata magnificens (frigatebird). Herpetological Bulletin (135) - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Neves MO, Yves A, Pereira EA, Alves L, Vasques JB, Coelho JFT, Silva PS 2019. Herpetofauna in a highly endangered area: the Triângulo Mineiro region, in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Herpetozoa 32: 113-123 - get paper here
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Répteis do município de Duque de Caxias, Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste do Brasil. Biotemas, 23 (2): 135-144
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de; Weber, L.N. & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Reptiles, Squamata, Parque Natural Municipal da Taquara, municipality of Duque de Caxias, state of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Check List 6 (2): 280-286 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • Passos, Daniel C.; Pedro Henrique M. Fonseca, Paulo R. Romo de Vivar, Cláudio Y. Kanayama, Vicente P. A. Teixeira, and Agustín G. Martinelli 2016. Tail trifurcation in the lizard Salvator merianae (Squamata: Teiidae) investigated by computer tomography. Phyllomedusa 15 (1): 79-83 - get paper here
  • Pereira da Silva, Eric Aian; Tarcísio Dourado Santos, Graziela Nunes Leite and Leonardo Barros Ribeiro 2013. Tropidurus hispidus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) and Leptodactylus cf. fuscus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) as prey of the teiid lizards Salvator merianae and Ameiva ameiva. Herpetology Notes 6: 51-53
  • Pesci, Giuliano; Sanchez, José Manuel; Muniz Leão, Suelem; Pelegrin, Nicolás 2018. Reptiles y anfibios de una localidad del Chaco Húmedo en Formosa, Argentina. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (1): 47-54 - get paper here
  • Prigioni, C.; C. Borteiro; F. Kolenc. 2011. Amphibia and Reptilia, Quebrada de los Cuervos, Departamento de Treinta y Tres, Uruguay. Check List 7 (6): 763-767 - get paper here
  • Rêgo, B.D.P., Kolodiuk, M.F., Meira-Ribeiro, M. & Freire, E.M.X. 2017. Salvator merianae (Argentine Black-and-White Tegu) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 660. - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A., SILVANA AMARAL 2016. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae. Zootaxa 4205 (5): 401–430 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • Roberto, Igor Joventino; Cícero Ricardo de Oliveira, João Antonio de Araújo Filho, Herivelto Faustino de Oliveira, Robson Waldemar Ávila 2017. The herpetofauna of the Serra do Urubu mountain range: a key biodiversity area for conservation in the brazilian atlantic forest. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57 (27): 347-373 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil). Check List 12 (4): DOI: - get paper here
  • Santos, D.L.; S.P. Andrade; E.P. Victor-Jr.; W. Vaz-Silva 2014. Amphibians and reptiles from southeastern Goiás, Central Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 131-148 - get paper here
  • Sazima, Ivan 2015. Corpse bride irresistible: a dead female tegu lizard (Salvator merianae) courted by males for two days at an urban park in South-eastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 8: 15-18 - get paper here
  • Sazima, Ivan and Giulia B. D’Angelo. 2013. Range of animal food types recorded for the tegu lizard (Salvator merianae) at an urban park in South-eastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 427-430.
  • Silva, Marcélia Basto da; Wáldima Alves da Rocha, Janete Diane Nogueira-Paranhos 2016. Checklist of reptiles of the Amazonia-Caatinga-Cerrado ecotonal zone in eastern Maranhão, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Smith, C.A. & Krysko, K.L. 2007. Distributional Comments on the Teiid Lizards (Squamata: Teiidae) of Florida with a Key to Species. Carib. J. Sci. 43 (2): 260-265 - get paper here
  • Souza Filho, Gilberto Alves de; Fernanda Stender de Oliveira 2015. Squamate reptiles from Mauá Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Check List 11 (6): 1800 - get paper here
  • Srbek-Araujo, A. C., Guimaraes, L. J. and Costa-Braga, D. 2020. Activity pattern of the black-and-white tegu, Salvator merianae (Squamata, Teiidae), in an Atlantic Forest remnant in southeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 13: 93-99. - get paper here
  • Srbek-Araujo, A.C., Sousa, J.A.C., Campinhos, E.C., Nóbrega, Y.C. & Clemente-Carvalho, R.B.G. 2017. Salvator merianae (Teiú, Black-and-White Tegu) Poaching. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 660-661. - get paper here
  • Taylor, J.F. 2003. Genus Tupinambis. Tegus. Reptilia (GB) (27): 43-49 - get paper here
  • Teixeira, Adonias Aphoena Martins, Diégo Alves Teles, José Guilherme Goncalves De Sousa, Érica Gomes Da Silva and Waltécio De Oliveira Almeida. 2016. Salvator merianae (Black and White Tegu) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 139-140 - get paper here
  • Uetanabaro, Masao; Franco Leandro Souza, Paulo Landgref Filho,<br />Arlindo Figueira Beda & Reuber Albuquerque Brandão 2007. Anfíbios e répteis do Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Biota Neotropica v7 (n3) - get paper here
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Vega Parry, Harold; Elisa Vintiñi; Osvaldo E.A. Arce; Mario E. Manes 2009. Nutritional perfomance of Tupinambis merianae lizards fed with corn starch as source of energy. Acta Herpetologica 4 (1): 29-36 - get paper here
  • Vieira, Renata Cardoso; Arthur Schramm de Oliveira, Nelson Jurandi Rosa Fagundes, Laura Vinas Verrastro 2018. Predation of Conepatus chinga (Molina, 1782) (Carnivora, Mephitidae) by Salvator merianae (Duméril and Bibron, 1839) (Squamata, Teiidae) on a field area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 349-351 - get paper here
  • Vrcibradic, D.; C.F.D. Rocha; M.C. Kiefer; F.H. Hatano; A.F. Fontes; M. Almeida-Gomes; C.C. Siqueira; J.A.L. Pontes; V.N.T. Borges-Junior; L.O. Gil; T. Klaion; E.C.N. Rubião; M. Sluys. 2011. Herpetofauna, Estação Ecológica Estadual do Paraíso, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 745-749 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2006. Im Land der Jacarés - das Pantanal. Terraria 1 (1): 72-82
  • Winchell, S. 2010. Die Reptilien Argentiniens. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (83): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Winck, G.R. and Cechin, S.Z. 2008. Hibernation and emergence pattern of Tupinambis merianae (Squamata: Teiidae) in the Taim Ecological Station, southern Brazil. Journal of Natural History 42: 239-247 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael W 2013. Alle Jahre wieder – Ökologie der Überwinterung von Amphibien und Reptilien. Draco 14 (55): 6-25 - get paper here
  • Wood, Jared P., Todd S. Campbell and Robert B. Page. 2015. Characterization of 14 novel microsatellite loci in the Argentine black and white tegu (Salvator merianae) via 454 pyrosequencing. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (4): 444-449 - get paper here
  • Zaracho, Víctor Hugo; Ingaramo, María del Rosario; Semhan, Romina Valeria; Etchepare, Eduardo; Acosta, José Luis; Falcione, Ana Camila; Álvarez, Blanca 2014. Herpetofauna de la Reserva Natural Provincial Isla Apipé Grande (Corrientes, Argentina). Cuad. herpetol. 28 (2): 153-160 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator