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Saurodactylus brosseti BONS & PASTEUR, 1957

IUCN Red List - Saurodactylus brosseti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Morocco Lizard-fingered Gecko 
SynonymSaurodactylus mauritanicus brosseti BONS & PASTEUR 1957: 178
Saurodactylus fasciatus brosseti — ARNOLD 1993
Saurodactylus (mauritanicus) brosseti — SCHLEICH et al. 1996: 255
Saurodactylus brosseti — GENIEZ et al. 2004
Saurodactylus brosseti — RATO & HARRIS 2008
Saurodactylus brosseti — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Saurodactylus brosseti — WILMS 2009
Saurodactylus mauritanicus brosseti — LEPTIEN 2009
Saurodactylus brosseti — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012 
DistributionW Morocco

Type locality: Wadi Souss, SW Morocco  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1959.0020 (Bons & Pasteur 1957 state that the type is currently in the collection of the authors but they donated it to MNHN collections later). Javanmardi et al. 2019 state that MNHN-RA-1990-1378 is (most likely) the holotype and designated it as lectotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: [this re-diagnosis differs from the original diagnosis of S. brosseti by Bons & Pasteur (1957), whose type series was composite and thus also included characters of the southern clade]. This species has a variable dorsal color, beige to dark brown. It differs from all other species in the S. brosseti complex by not exhibiting large white or yellow spots on the back; spots are minute or absent. The tail is typically covered with irregular yellow spots on a brownish surface. A white v-shaped line is usually present on the top of the head, but not extending to the neck. Nasal shields usually touch each other, whereas they are separated by two small scales in S. harrisi. Nasals are sepa- rated from labials by two slender plates. 
CommentS. brosseti shows 4 genetic lineages, but there are no discriminant morphological characters allowing the diagnosis and the identification of the four main lineages. Thus, S. brosseti can therefore be considered a complex of cryptic species or at least 4 independent Evolutionary Significant Units (ESUs) sensu Moritz (1994) of ancient origin (Miocene). However, Javanmardi et al. 2019 diagnosed 5 lineages.

Distribution: for a map see Javanmardi et al. 2019: 405 (Fig. 2). 
EtymologyS. m. brosseti has been named after the ornithologist and mammologist A. Brosset who helped to collect specimens for J. Bons and G. Pasteur. 
  • Bons, J., and G. Pasteur. 1957. Nouvelles remarques sur les saurodactyles, avec description de Saurodactylus mauritanicus brosseti n. subsp. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc, 37:175-195
  • BOUAZZA, ABDELLAH; EL HASSAN EL MOUDEN & ABDESLAM RIHANE 2021. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Morocco: A taxonomic update and standard Arabic names. Herpetology Notes 14: 1-14. - get paper here
  • Elbahi A, Lawton C, Oubrou W, El Bekkay M, Hermas J, Dugon M 2022. Reptile biodiversity in Souss-Massa National Park: an internationally important hotspot in the Mediterranean region. Biodiversity Data Journal 10: e79088 - get paper here
  • Fabrício-Neto, Ailton; Rodrigo Samuel Bueno Gavira, and Denis Vieira Andrade 2016. Keratophagy in captive Bothrops moojeni (Serpentes: Viperidae). Phyllomedusa 15 (2): 201-202 - get paper here
  • Geniez, P.; Mateo, J.A.; Geniez, M. & Pether, J. 2004. The amphibians and reptiles of the Western Sahara (former Spanish Sahara) and adjacent regions. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 228 pp. [reviewed in Reptilia GB 44: 81]
  • JAVANMARDI, SOHEILA; SVEN VOGLER, ULRICH JOGER 2019. Phylogenetic differentiation and taxonomic consequences in the Saurodactylus brosseti species complex (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae), with description of four new species. Zootaxa 4674 (4): 401–425 - get paper here
  • Kolodziej, K. & Cenker, C. 2010. Unterwegs im Schmelztiegel der Arten - Herping in Marokko. Elaphe 2020 (3): 14-25
  • Leptien, R. 2009. Auf Exkursion in Marokkos Süden. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (75): 32-37 - get paper here
  • Martínez del Mármol, Gabriel; D. James Harris, Philippe Geniez, Philip de Pous, and Daniele Salvi 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Morocco. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 478 pp - get paper here
  • Rato, Catarina & David James Harris 2008. Genetic variation within Saurodactylus and its phylogenetic relationships within the Gekkonoidea estimated from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 29 (1): 25-34 - get paper here
  • Rosado, D., Rato, C., Salvi, D. & Harris, D.J. 2017. Evolutionary History of the Morocco lizard-Fingered Geckos of the Saurodactylus brosseti Complex. Evolutionary Biology 44: 386-400 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2017. Gecko-Chorologie (Squamata: Gekkota). Gekkota (4): 1-160
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2010. Brossets Echsenfingergecko (Saurodactylus brosseti), ein Kleinod aus Südwest-Marokko Terraria (21) 5 (1): 60-64.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2009. Marokko - Schatzkammer in Nordwesten Afrikas. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (75): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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