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Sauromalus hispidus STEJNEGER, 1891

IUCN Red List - Sauromalus hispidus - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Spiny Chuckwalla
S: Iguana Espinosa de Pared 
SynonymSauromalus hispidus STEJNEGER 1891: 409
Sauromalus hispidus — ETHERIDGE 1982
Sauromalus hispidus — LINER 1994
Sauromalus hispidus — HOLLINGSWORTH 1998: 144
Sauromalus hispidus — KÖHLER & ZORN 2014 
DistributionMexico (Angel de la Guarda, Smith, Pond, Granite, Mejia, San Lorenzo Norte, San Lorenzo Sur [Gulf of California, Baja California], Sonora)

Type locality: Angel de la Guarda Island, Gulf of California  
TypesHolotype: USNM No. 8563 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “hispidus” = thorny or spiny. 
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp. - get paper here
  • Avery, D. F.; Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79
  • Beaman,K.R.; Hollingsworth,B.D.; Lawler, H.E. & Lowe,C.H. 1997. Bibliography of Sauromalus (Duméril 1856), the Chuckwallas. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (116): 1-44 - get paper here
  • Blair, David W. 1994. Chuckwallas. Reptiles 1 (3): 16-22
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Carl, G. & J.P. Jones 1979. The Eggs and Hatchlings of Sauromalus hispidus (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae) Journal of Herpetology 13 (3): 293-296. - get paper here
  • de Queiroz K 1995. Checklist and key to the extant species of Mexican iguanas (Reptilia: Iguaninae). Publ. Esp. Mus. Zool. Univ. Nac. Autón. México 9: 1-48
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Adrian Quijada-Mascareñas; Dale S. Turner; Philip C. Rosen & Robert L. Bezy 2009. The herpetofauna of Sonora, Mexico, with comparisons to adjoining states. Check List 5 (3): 632–672 - get paper here
  • Etheridge,R. 1982. Checklist of the Iguanine and Malagasy Iguanid Lizards. In: Burghardt,G.M. & Rand, A.S., eds., Iguanas of the World. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, pp. 7-37
  • Goldberg, S.R., and K.R. Beaman. 2012. Reproduction of the Spiny Chuckwalla (Sauromalus hispidus) and the Piebald Chuckwalla (Sauromalus varius) (Squamata: Iguanidae) from Mexico. Sonoran Herpetologist 25 (5):40-42. - get paper here
  • Grismer L L. Beaman K R. Lawler H E. 1995. Sauromalus hispidus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (615):1-4. - get paper here
  • Hollingsworth, B. D. 1998. The systematics of Chuckwallas (Sauromalus) with a phylogenetic analysis of other iguanid lizards. Herpetological Monographs 12: 38-191. - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. & Zorn, H. 2014. Chuckwallas. Herpeton-Verlag, 120 pp. [review in Reptilia 23 (132): 62] - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Reynoso, Victor Hugo, Monteverde, María José, Martínez-González, Carmina, Zarza, Eugenia and Cerdá-Ardura, Adrián 2017. Geographic Distribution: Sauromalus hispidus (Spiny Chuckwalla). Herpetological Review 48 (1): 126 - get paper here
  • Smits, A.W. 1985. Behavioral and Dietary Responses to Aridity in the Chuckwalla, Sauromalus hispidus Journal of Herpetology 19 (4): 441-449. - get paper here
  • Smits, A.W., J. Ward & H. Lillywhite 1986. Effects of Hyperkalemia on Thermoregulatory and Feeding Behaviors of the Lizard, Sauromalus hispidus Copeia 1986 (2): 518-520. - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1891. Description of a new North American lizard of the genus Sauromalus. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14: 409-411 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2002. DER STACHELIGE RIESENCHUCKWALLA SAUROMALUS hISPIDUS STEJNEGER 1877: BIOLOGIE, FReilandbeobachtungen und europäische Erstnachzucht. Salamandra 38 (1): 27-44 - get paper here
  • Wölfel, H. 2006. Chuckwallas - The genus Sauromalus with notes on keeping and breeding Sauromalus ater. Reptilia (GB) (48): 35-42 - get paper here
  • Zimmerman, Linda C.; andC. Richard Tracy 1989. Interactions between the Environment and Ectothermy and Herbivory in Reptiles. Physiological Zoology, 62(2): 374–409 - get paper here
  • Zorn, H. 2004. Die Wüste im eigenen Haus. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 41-44 - get paper here
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