You are here » home advanced search Sceloporus consobrinus

Sceloporus consobrinus BAIRD & GIRARD, 1854

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Sceloporus consobrinus?

Add your own observation of
Sceloporus consobrinus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Southern Prairie Lizard
S: Lagartija de las Cercas 
SynonymSceloporus consobrinus BAIRD & GIRARD 1854: 224
Sceloporus consobrinus — BOULENGER 1885: 229
Sceloporus undulatus garmani BOULENGER 1882
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — COPE 1900: 337
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — BURT 1933
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — GLOYD 1942
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 118
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — LINER et al. 1977
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 108
Sceloporus undulatus garmani — SMITH et al. 1991
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge consobrinus) garmani — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus tedbrowni SMITH, BELL, APPLEGARTH & CHISZAR 1992
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge consobrinus) tedbrowni — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge consobrinus) consobrinus — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus garmani — BARTLETT & BARTLETT 1999: 232
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus undulatus garmani — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus undulatus tedbrowni — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus consobrinus — LEACHE & REEDER 2002
Sceloporus undulatus tedbrowni — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus consobrinus — BOUNDY 2004
Sceloporus consobrinus — POTTS & COLLINS 2005 
DistributionUSA (Texas except eastern fourth, SW Oklahoma, W/S New Mexico, SE Arizona: in vicinity of San Pedro River), Kansas, Colorado, Nebraska)

Type locality: Beckham County, Oklahoma, near the confluence of the north fork of the Red River and Suydam Creek (after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950).

Type Locality: Vicinity of North Fork of the Red River, and Elm Fork, R20N, T4N, S34, Southern Oklahoma Adolescent Alcoholics Rehabilitation Ranch, Quartz Mountain State Park, Kiowa County, Oklahoma (fide BELL et al. 2003).

garmani: USA (E New Mexico, South Dakota, W Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, Nebraska). Type Locality: "Dacota", in original description; restricted to "Near Pine Ridge, South Dakota", by Stejneger and Barbour (1933).

tedbrowni: USA (New Mexico [HR 32: 58]). Type Locality: A large dune, Waldrop Peak, 0.5 mi S Hy 380, Chavez Co., 6 mi W Caprock, Lea Co., New Mexico.

TypesNeotype. OSUS R5284 (Oklahoma State University), designated by Bell and Smith (2000), replacing the holotype, USNM 2855, destroyed.
Lectotype: BMNH 1946.8.30.10, one of the original three syntypes (Bell, 1996) [garmani]
Holotype: MSB (also as MSWB, originally given as UNM) 33859, collected 19 June 1978, by A. and H. Sena [tedbrowni] 
CommentDistribution: Based on the evidence presented by LEACHÉ (2009), Sceloporus undulatus is apparently restricted to east of the Mississippi River and S. consobrinus to the west, a geographic finding consistent with a number of other systematic studies involving frogs and snakes. Not in Arizona fide Lahti & Leaché in Jones et al. 2009: 210. Leaché (2009) restricted the distribution of S. consobrinus to the United States and indicated the member of the undulatus group to be found within Nuevo León to be S. cowlesi. Hence, S. consobrinus is not in Mexico, although it has been reported previously from Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas, Chihuahua [HR 35: 82]. 
EtymologyThe Latin adjective consobrinus, "cousin," was presumably applied in recognition of its close relationship to Sceloporus undulatus, which at that time (1853) had no subspecies. 
  • Adcock, Zachary C., Andrew R. Maclaren, Shawn F. McCracken and Michael R. J. Forstner. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Sceloporus consobrinus (prairie lizard). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 218 - get paper here
  • Baird, S.F. and Girard,C. 1854. Appendix F. Zoology. Reptiles. In: Marcy and McClellan, Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852: 188-215, pl.10, figs. 5-12 [1853] - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Basford, Susan J. 1993. A sceloporus lizard population in southern New Jersey. Sonoran Herpetologist 6 (9): 90-92 - get paper here
  • Bell, E. L. & H. M. Smith 2000. Variation and intergradation of Northern and Southern Prairie Lizards in southwestern Oklahoma: designation of neotype for Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus, from Quartz Mountain State Park, Kiowa Co., Oklahoma. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 36: 20-34 - get paper here
  • Bell, Edwin L. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus (Northern Fence Lizard). USA: Pennsylvania. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 67 - get paper here
  • Bell, Edwin L. 1996. Descriptions of neotypes for Sceloporus undulatus undulatus, the southern fence lizard, and Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus, the northern fence lizard, and a lectotype for Sceloporus undulatus garmani, the northern prairie lizard. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 32 (3): 81-103 - get paper here
  • Blair, Kathleen;Smith, Hobart M. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus (Southern Prairie Lizard). USA: Texas. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 67 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. On the affinity of the north-American lizard fauna. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 345-346 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1882. Description of an apparently new species of lizard of the genus Sceloporus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1882: 761-62 [1883] - get paper here
  • Boundy, J. 2004. Amphibian and reptile distribution records for Louisiana. Herpetological Review 35 (2): 1914-196 - get paper here
  • Brown, Donald J.; Adam Duarte, Ivana Mali, Melissa C. Jones, and Michael R.J. Forstner 2014. Potential Impacts of a High Severity Wildfire on Abundance, Movement, and Diversity of Herpetofauna. Herp. Cons. Biol. 9 (1): 192-205 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms. American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Cagle, Fred R. 1945. Notes on Sceloporus undulatus undulatus. Copeia 1945 (2): 122 - get paper here
  • Carpenter, Charles C. 1959. A population of Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus in south-central Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 4 (2): 110-112 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J. 1972. Chromosome variation in North American fence lizards (genus Sceloporus; undulatus species group). Systematic Zoology 21 (4): 357-363 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cooper Jr, W. E. 1987. Social significance of ventrolateral coloration in the fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus. Animal Behaviour 35: 526-532 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. In Yarrow, H.C., Report upon the collections of batrachians and reptiles made in portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the years 871, 1872, 1873, and 1874, Chapter IV, L, pp. 509-584, In: Report upon geograph Government Printing office, Washington D.C. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1900. The crocodilians, lizards and snakes of North America. Ann. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. 1898: 153-1270 - get paper here
  • Crenshaw, John W. 1955. The life history of the Southern Spiny Lizard, Sceloporus undulatus undulatus Latreille. American Midland Naturalist 54 (2): 257-298 - get paper here
  • Davis, Drew R. and Dilliard, Kelly A. 2016. Historic amphibian and reptile county records from the A. Jewell Schock Museum of Natural History at Wayne State College. Herpetological Review 47 (4): 635-637 - get paper here
  • de Grijs,P. 1899. Notes on the faculty of changing colour in reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 3: 396-402 - get paper here
  • Defusco, Russell P.; Chiszar, David; Smith, Hobart M. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus (red-lipped plateau lizard). USA: Colorado. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 155 - get paper here
  • Dittmer, Drew E.; James Bradley Johnson, and Toby J. Hibbitts 2015. Sexual Dimorphism and Patch Size Variation in Three Lizard Species Suggests Potential for Sexual Confusion. Copeia 2015 (2): 310-321. - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dreier, Cody A., R. Aric Buerer and Keith Geluso. 2015. Sceloporus consobrinus (prairie lizard) mortality. Herpetological Review 46 (1): 94-95 - get paper here
  • Duarte, Adam; Donald J. Brown, and Michael R. J. Forstner 2017. Response of Lizards to High-Severity Wildfires in a Southern United States Mixed Pine/Hardwood Forest. Copeia Nov 2017, Vol. 105, No. 4: 609-617. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, Howard K. 1937. A herpetological consideration of faunal areas in Southern Arizona. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 5 (5): 77-136 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, Howard K.;Smith, Hobart M. 1942. Amphibians and reptiles from the Carmen Mountains, Coahuila. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 6 (13): 231-235
  • Goldberg, S.R. 2014. Reproduction in the Southern Prairie Lizard, Sceloporus consobrinus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae), from Oklahoma. Sonoran Herpetologist 27 (4):88-90. - get paper here
  • Green, J. 1818. Descriptions of several species of North American Amphibia, accompanied by observations. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1: 348-359 - get paper here
  • Holland, Richard L.;Smith, Hobart M. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus garmani (Northern prairie lizard). USA: Colorado. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 155 - get paper here
  • Jameson, David H.;Flury, Alvin G. 1949. The reptiles and amphibians of the Sierra Vieja Range of southwestern Texas. Texas Journal of Science 1 (2): 54-77 - get paper here
  • Johannsen, Rachel E., Jacob L. Kerby and Drew R. Davis. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Sceloporus consobrinus (Prairie Lizard). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 260 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Kay, Fenton R.;Bradley, W. Glan 1968. The occurrence and distribution of the eastern fence lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) in southern Nevada. Herpetologica 24 (1): 72-76 - get paper here
  • Kellner, C.J., Lawson, G.R., Tomke, S.A. & Noble, J.H. 2017. Computer-aided individual identification of Sceloporus consobrinus based on patterns of head scalation. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 766-769 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & Reeder, T.W. 2002. Molecular systematics of the Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus): a comparision of parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian approaches. Systematic Biology 51 (1): 44-68 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A., H.M. Smith, R.E. Ballinger, G.R. Smith, and D. Chiszar 1998. A contribution to the superspecies concept of the lizard Sceloporus undulatus: S. u. belli, a species. Southwestern Naturalist 43: 20-24 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lenard, Angela and Matthew E. Gifford 2019. Mechanisms Influencing Countergradient Variation in Prairie Lizards, Sceloporus consobrinus. Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 196-203 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A.;Johnson, Richard M.;Chaney, Alan H. 1977. A contribution to the herpetology of Northern Coahuila, Mexico. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 80 (1-2): 47-53 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A.;Montanucci, Richard R.;González-Alonso, Arturo;Mendoza Quijano, Fernando 1993. An additional contribution to the herpetology of Northern Coahuila, Mexico. Bol. Soc. Herpetol. Mex. 5 (1): 9-11 - get paper here
  • LIVO, LAUREN J.; HUNTER D. JOHNSON & SEAN M. McMULLEN. 2021. Geographic distribution: SCELOPORUS CONSOBRINUS (Prairie Lizard). USA: COLORADO: Crowley Co. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 346. - get paper here
  • Lowe,C.H. and Norris,K.S. 1956. A subspecies of the lizard Sceloporus undulatus from the White Sands of New Mexico. Herpetologica 12: 125-127 - get paper here
  • Maslin, T.P. 1956. Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus ssp. nov. (Reptilia, Iguanidae), from Colorado. Herpetologica 12: 291-294 - get paper here
  • McCoy, Clarence J. 1961. Distribution of the subspecies of Sceloporus undulatus (Reptilia: Iguanidae) in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 6 (2): 79-85 - get paper here
  • Miles, D.B.; Noecker, R.; Roosenburg, W.M. & White, M.M. 2002. Genetic relationships among populations of Sceloporus undulatus fail to support present subspecific designations. Herpetologica 58 (3): 277-292 - get paper here
  • Mosauer, Walter 1936. The reptilian fauna of sand dune areas of Vizcaino Desert and of northwestern Lower California. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (329): 1-21 - get paper here
  • PANDELIS, GREGORY G.; COREY E. ROELKE & NEIL R. BALCHAN. 2021. Eleven New County Records for Reptiles and Amphibians in Texas, USA. Herpetological Review 52 (1): 101–102.
  • Parker, William S. 1994. Demography of the fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus, in northern Mississippi. Copeia 1994 (1): 136-152 - get paper here
  • Potts, George D. & Joseph T. Collins 2005. A CHECKLIST OF THE VERTEBRATE ANIMALS OF KANSAS. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, 50 pp.
  • Rheubert, Justin L.; Katherine Touzinsky, David M. Sever, Robert D. Aldridge, Anthony J. Wilmes, Dustin S. Siegel, and Kevin M. Gribbins 2014. Reproductive Biology of Sceloporus consobrinus (Phrynosomatidae): Male Germ Cell Development and Reproductive Cycle Comparisons within Spiny Lizards. Journal of Herpetology Jun 2014, Vol. 48, No. 2: 162-171. - get paper here
  • ROBINSON, C.D.; S.L. LANCE & M.E. GIFFORD. 2021. Reproductive success, apparent survival, and ventral blue coloration in male prairie lizards (Sceloporus consobrinus). Journal of Zoology 314(4): 245–255. - get paper here
  • Robinson, Christopher D.; Matthew E. Gifford 2019. Intraseasonal Changes of Patch Color in Prairie Lizards (Sceloporus consobrinus). Herpetologica 75 (1): 79-84 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P., and D. Owens. 1944. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Coahuila, Mexico. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoological Series. Chicago. 29: 97-115. - get paper here
  • Serb, Jeanne M.; Petzing, John E.; Near, Thomas J. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Sceloporus undulatus. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 111 - get paper here
  • Smith H M; Chiszar D; Lemos-Espinal J A; Bell E L 1995. The Cabeza de Vaca Basin subspecies of the lizard Sceloporus undulatus. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 98 (1-2): 44-60 - get paper here
  • Smith, Geoffrey R.;Rowe, John W.;Ballinger, Royce E. 1996. Intraspecific life history variation in Sceloporus undulatus: a factor analysis. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences 23: 85-90
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M.; Bell, E. L.;Applegarth, J. S.;Chiszar, D. 1992. Adaptive convergence in the lizard superspecies Sceloporus undulatus. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 28: 123-149 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M., D. Chiszar & J.A. Lemos-Espinal 1995. A new subspecies of the polytypic lizard species Sceloporus undulatus (Sauria. Iguanidae) from Mexico. Texas Journal of Science 47 (2): 117-143. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1947. The scientific name of the common northern fence lizard. Natural History Miscellanea (24): 1-2
  • Smith, Hobart M., David Chiszar and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2002. A replacement name for Bell's spiny lizard, Sceloporus belli. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 38(3): 88-90 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Chiszar, David;Evanoff, Emmett;Mitton, Jeffrey B. 1993. The range of the so-called relictual intergrades between the lizards Sceloporus undulatus garmani and S. u. erythrocheilus. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 29 (1): 30-36 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Flores-Villela, Oscar A. 1994. Noteworthy lizards of the genera Phrynosoma and Sceloporus in the Museo de Zoología "Alfonso Herrera". Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 30 (3): 114-119 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
  • Sonnini, C.S. and Latreille, P.A. 1830. Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles, avec Figures Dessinees d'Apres Nature. Nouvelle édition. Tome deuxième. Paris, Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, 332 pp. - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L. 1890. Results of a biological survey of the San Francisco Mountain region and Desert of the Little Colorado, Arizona. Part V. Annotated list of reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. C. Hart Merriam and Vernon Bailey on the San Francisco Mountain Platea North American Fauna, No. 3: 103-118 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Vasco M.;Hayward, C. Lynn 1934. A biological study of the La Sal Mountains, Utah report No. 1 (Ecology). Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 11: 209-235
  • Taylor, Harry L.;Walker, J. Martin 1964. Reevaluation of sexual chromatic differences in the lizard Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus Maslin. Copeia 1964 (2): 457 - get paper here
  • Taylor-Young, M. 2011. The Guide to Colorado Reptiles and Amphibians. Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, Colorado, 169 pp.
  • Tinkle, D. W. 1972. The dynamics of a Utah population of Sceloporus undulatus. Herpetologica 28: 351-359 - get paper here
  • Tinkle, D. W.; Ballinger, R. E. 1972. Sceloporus undulatus: a study on the interspecific comparative demography of a lizard. Ecology 53 (4): 570-584 - get paper here
  • TRIECE, KELLY; BRYON SHIPLEY, CRAIG PATTERSON, JOE EHRENBERGER & LAUREN J. LIVO. 2021. SCELOPORUS CONSOBRINUS (Prairie Lizard). ELEVATION. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 412–413. - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Van Breukelen, Frank;Roth, Jan;Chiszar, David;Smith, Hobart M. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Sceloporus undulatus elongatus. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 158 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2017. Der große Treck – Teil 5. Don’t mess with Texas. Reptilia (Münster) 22 (128): 68-79 - get paper here
  • Woodbury, Angus Munn 1928. The reptiles of Zion National Park. Copeia 1928 (166): 14-21 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator