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Sceloporus cyanostictus AXTELL & AXTELL, 1971

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus cyanostictus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Yarrow's Spiny Lizard
G: Jarrovs (Yarrows) Stachelleguan
S: Lagartija espinoza de Yarrow
cyanostictus: Blue-spotted Spiny Lizard
sugillatus: Zempoala Bar-bellied Lizard
lineolateralis: Lined Spiny Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus jarrovii cyanostictus AXTELL & AXTELL 1971
Sceloporus cyanostictus – WIENS, REEDER & NIETO MONTES DE OCA 1999
Sceloporus cyanostictus — MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007
Sceloporus cyanostictus — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007
Sceloporus cyanostictus — WIENS et al. 2013
Sceloporus cyanostictus — HEIMES 2022 
DistributionMexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León)

Type Locality: 0.5 mi N La Muralla, at mouth of canyon, 1189m (26°21'30”N, 101°21’30"W), Coahuila, Mexico.  
Reproductionviviparous (ovoviviparous) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 167353, collected 21 June 1967, by R. W. Axtell 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus jarrovii minor COPE 1885 has been transferred to S. torquatus (but is listed in LINER 1994 as such). WIENS et al. (1999) consider minor and several other subspecies of jarrovii as “evolutionary species”. Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis SMITH 1936 has been removed (again) from the synonymy of S. jarrovi. Sceloporus jarrovii oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941 has been moved to Sceloporus minor oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941. Sceloporus jarrovii cyaneus TREVIÑO-SALDAÑA 1988 and Sceloporus jarrovii immucronatus SMITH 1936 are now treated as subspecies of S. minor. Sceloporus jarrovii erythrocyaneus MERTENS 1950 has been transferred to S. minor erythrocyaneus. S. j. jarrovii lacks fixed diagnostic morphological characters (Wiens and Penkrot 2002). The characters early identified by Smith (1939) like diagnostic of S. j. jarrovii (e. g., the first canthal seldom forced above canthal ridge by contact of second canthal and subnasal, prefrontals in contact, color pattern etc.), exhibit some intraespecific variation even in other populations. Some authors have similarly reported that S. lineolat- eralis and S. j. jarrovii intergrade with each other based on morphological characters (Webb and Hensley 1959; Chrapliwy 1964; Wiens et al. 1999). The previous studies along with the molecular results by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 indicate the conspecificity between S. lineolateralis and S. j. jarrovii.

Synonymy: MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 suggested to synonymize S. lineolateralis with S. jarrovii or consider it as a subspecies of the latter.

Distribution: S. jarrovi does not occur in Querétaro (Mexico) according to DIXON & LEMOS-ESPINAL 2010. 
EtymologyNamed after Greek kyanos, "deep blue", and sticto, "spotted", refer to the uniform bright blue to greenish-blue dorsal spotting in adult males. 
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