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Sceloporus edbelli SMITH, CHISZAR & LEMOS-ESPINAL, 2003

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bell's spiny lizard
S: Espinosa de Bell 
SynonymSceloporus undulatus belli SMITH, CHISZAR & LEMOS-ESPINAL 1995
Sceloporus edbelli SMITH et al. 2003 (nom. nov.)
Sceloporus edbelli — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus edbelli — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007
Sceloporus edbelli — JONES & LOVICH 2009: 516
Sceloporus undulatus edbelli — NCBI taxonomy 2020 
DistributionMexico (Durango, Coahuila [see note], Chihuahua)

Type locality: Two mi S León Guzmán, Durango, Mexico.  
TypesHolotype: UCM 41539, collected 19 June 1966 by Richard L. Holland (edbelli) 
CommentSynonymy: S. u. belli is an unavailable junior secondary homonym of Tropidolepis bellii Gray 1831 (which is a nomen dubium named in honor of Thomas Bell [1792-1880, an eminent scientist and herpetologist in London, much admired by Gray, who named many species for him). S. u. belli has thus been renamed S. u. edbelli and later elevated to full species status. Leache & Reeder 2002 considered S. edbelli as a synonym of S. cowlesi. Lemos-Espinal et al. 2016 considered S. edbelli as a synonym of S. consobrinus.

Distribution: Lemos-Espinal et al. 2016 consider S. edbelli as a synonym of S. consobrinus and thus do not list if for Coahuila. Not in Durango fide Lemos-Espinal (2018). 
EtymologyEtymology (edbelli): named after Edwin L. Bell, Professor Emeritus of Biology at Albright College, Reading, Pennsylvania, who worked for many years on S. occidentalis and the systematics of the UNDULATUS group.

Etymology (elongatus): The Latin elongatus refers to the elongate tail and legs, as described by Stejneger (1890).

Etymology (erythrocheilus): The Greek erythros, "red," and cheilos, "lip," refer to the rust-reddish coloration of the lips and adjacent scales in breeding males.

Etymology (garmani): The genitive singular noun honors Samuel Garman, Curator at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, who authored nearly 50 works in herpetology from 1874-1917. Garman sent the syntypes to Boulenger.

Etymology (hyacinthinus): The Greek singular noun is from hyakinthinus, "lily," and refers to the blue colors of the abdominal semeions.

Etymology (speari): The genitive singular patronym honors Norman E. Spear, Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the State University of New York at Binghamton, where he is Co-director of the Center for Developmental Psychology, and was a mentor for David Chiszar.

Etymology (tedbrowni): The Latin genitive singular honors Ted L. Brown, authority on the herpetology of New Mexico, and long editor of the New Mexico Herpetological Society Newsletter.

Etymology (thayerii): This name honors Col. Sylvanus Thayer, founder of the instructional regimen at West Point Military Academy in the middle of the 19th century.

Etymology (undulatus): The Latin undulatus, "wavy," refers to the undulant transverse dark cross-bars on the dorsum. 
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & Reeder, T.W. 2002. Molecular systematics of the Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus): a comparision of parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian approaches. Systematic Biology 51 (1): 44-68 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2016. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico, with comparison with adjoining states. ZooKeys 593: 117-137, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.593.8484 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A., H.M. Smith & D. Chiszar 2000. New Data of the Geographic Ranges of Sceloporus belli and S. undulatus in Chihuahua, Mexico (Reptilia: Sauria) Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 36(4): 133-138. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M., D. Chiszar & J.A. Lemos-Espinal 1995. A new subspecies of the polytypic lizard species Sceloporus undulatus (Sauria. Iguanidae) from Mexico. Texas Journal of Science 47 (2): 117-143. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M., David Chiszar and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2002. A replacement name for Bell's spiny lizard, Sceloporus belli. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 38(3): 88-90 - get paper here
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