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Sceloporus formosus WIEGMANN, 1834

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus formosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mexican Emerald Spiny Lizard
S: Chintete Verde 
SynonymSceloporus formosus WIEGMANN 1834: 50
Tropidolepis formosus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 303
Tropidolepis Formosus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus formosus smaragdinus BOCOURT 1873 (?)
Sceloporus formosus — BOULENGER 1885: 222
Sceloporus formosus formosus — WETTSTEIN 1934
Sceloporus viviparus COPE 1885: 398
Sceloporus formosus formosus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 108
Sceloporus formosus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus formosus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus formosus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero, Puebla, Oaxaca south of the Balsas River, CW Veracruz)

viviparus: Type Locality: Mirador, Veracruz, Mexico.

Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Acultzingo, Veracruz, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.  
ReproductionAll species of the formosus group are viviparous. 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 635, F. Deppe collector, designated by Smith and Pérez-Higareda (1992).
Holotype: USNM 25073 etc, collected by C. Sartorius [viviparus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A Sceloporus of moderate size, maximum snout-vent measurement 88 mm.; a pair of black shoulder spots, each with a narrow dorsal extension which fails to meet its fellow by five to six scale rows; dorsal scales average 34; ventral scales average 46; scales around body average 39; femoral pores average 16; median frontonasal in contact with lateral frontonasals; internasal area covered with relatively large scales, usually arranged in one, two, or three pairs; supraoculars small, in one or two rows; usually two, rarely one, canthal, the first usually not forced above canthal ridge; frontal usually in contact with interparietal; usually one loreal; throat bluish or orange or both; sides of belly blue, black-bordered, the borders sometimes fusing and the black extending over chest and middle of abdomen; nuchal collar complete ventrally in males; latter usually without a light line down the center of each dorsal scale row (present only in Guerrero specimens) (Smith 1939: 35).

Color. Males with dorsal surfaces iridescent, light olive-green or blue-olive, head drab; a prominent black spot on shoulder, widely separated medially (five or six scale rows), uniting across throat; a somewhat broader band of cobalt blue on ventral surface anterior to black throat band; anterior to this a broad area of light orange (in some specimens the orange is absent, and blue covers the entire area anterior to the black gular collar); sides of belly iridescent, pearl blue, bordered medially by a blue or black band, which band expands posteriorly in the region of the groin; chest and middle of belly white, or, in large males, strongly suffused with black, confluent with black gular collar; ventral surfaces of tail white, suffused more or less with pale blue in large males.
In females the dorsal color is brown or brown-olive; the black marks on the shoulders are narrower than in males and extend farther dorsally(separated by two or three scale rows); two parallel dark lines, sometimes broken and usually indistinct, pass from the upper edge of the scapular mark onto the tail; on the sides of body and on the neck are scattered indistinct dark spots; the belly is immaculate, suffused slightly with blue in some specimens (Smith 1939: 38). 
Comment 
EtymologyThe Latin adjective formosus, "beautiful", refers to the beautiful color of males, with an olive-green or blue-green dorsal coloration, light orange anterior to a ventral cobalt blue throat band, and pearl-blue on sides of venter.

Etymology (scitulus): The Latin scitulus, "beautiful," refers to the brilliant green dorsum with parallel longitudinal black lines. 
References
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  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
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