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Sceloporus jarrovii COPE, 1875

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesSceloporus jarrovii jarrovii COPE 1875
Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis SMITH 1936 
Common NamesE: Yarrow's Spiny Lizard
G: Jarrovs (Yarrows) Stachelleguan
S: Lagartija espinoza de Yarrow
E: Blue-spotted Spiny Lizard [cyanostictus]
E: Zempoala Bar-bellied Lizard [sugillatus]
E: Lined Spiny Lizard [lineolateralis] 
SynonymSceloporus jarrovii COPE 1875: 23
Sceloporus yarrovii [sic] — BOULENGER 1885: 223
Sceloporus ornatus — BOULENGER 1897 (fide SMITH et al. 2000)
Sceloporus jarrovii jarrovii – SMITH 1938: 624
Sceloporus jarrovii jarrovii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 128
Sceloporus jarrovii — STEBBINS 1985: 126
Sceloporus jarrovii — LINER 1994
Sceloporus jarrovii — WIENS et a. 2010
Sceloporus jarrovii — FLORES-VILLELA et al. 2022
Sceloporus jarrovii — HEIMES 2022

Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis SMITH 1936
Sceloporus lineolateralis SMITH 1936: 92
Sceloporus lineolateralis — SMITH 1939: 225
Sceloporus lineolateralis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 126
Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis — WEBB & HENSLEY 1959
Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis — TRAVIÑO-SALDANA 1988
Sceloporus lineolateralis — WIENS & PENKROT 2002
Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis — KÖHLER & HEIMES 2002
Sceloporus lineolateralis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis — MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007
Sceloporus lineolateralis — LEACHÉ & SITES 2009
Sceloporus lineolateralis — LEACHÉ 2010
Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis — MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 (preliminary, see comment)
Sceloporus lineolateralis — VALDEZ-LARES et al. 2013 
DistributionUSA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico),
Mexico (E Sonora, W Chihuahua, NE Sinaloa, W Durango, Aguascalientes, Tamaulipas, Jalisco)

jarrovii: USA (Arizona, New Mexico), Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Sonora, W Zacatecas, N Nayarit). Type locality: Southern Arizona (”somewhere between Fort Grant and the Fort Bowie National Historic Site, Arizona, in an area encompassing the southeastern Pinaleno (Graham) Mountains, Dos Cabezas, and northwestern Chiricahua Mountains", fide BELL et al. 2003).

lineolateralis: Mexico (Durango, Zacatecas); Type locality: Six miles northeast of Pedriceña, Durango [see comment]  
TypesLectotype: USNM 8494. Named after H.C. Yarrow. Other specimens: MSU.
Holotype: USNM 167353, collected 21 June 1967, by R. W. Axtell [cyanostictus].
Holotype: FMNH 32002, originally EHT-HMS 4323, collected by E. H. Tylor and H. M. Smith, 27 August 1932; other specimens: MSU [lineolateralis]
Holotype: USNM 112100, collected by H. M. Smith, 22 February 1939 [sugillatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (lineolateralis): Smith 1939: 225. 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus jarrovii minor COPE 1885 has been transferred to S. torquatus (but is listed in LINER 1994 as such). WIENS et al. (1999) consider minor and several other subspecies of jarrovii as “evolutionary species”. Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis SMITH 1936 has been removed (again) from the synonymy of S. jarrovi. Sceloporus jarrovii oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941 has been moved to Sceloporus minor oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941. Sceloporus jarrovii cyaneus TREVIÑO-SALDAÑA 1988 and Sceloporus jarrovii immucronatus SMITH 1936 are now treated as subspecies of S. minor. Sceloporus jarrovii erythrocyaneus MERTENS 1950 has been transferred to S. minor erythrocyaneus. S. j. jarrovii lacks fixed diagnostic morphological characters (Wiens and Penkrot 2002). The characters early identified by Smith (1939) like diagnostic of S. j. jarrovii (e. g., the first canthal seldom forced above canthal ridge by contact of second canthal and subnasal, prefrontals in contact, color pattern etc.), exhibit some intraespecific variation even in other populations. Some authors have similarly reported that S. lineolateralis and S. j. jarrovii intergrade with each other based on morphological characters (Webb and Hensley 1959; Chrapliwy 1964; Wiens et al. 1999). The previous studies along with the molecular results by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 indicate the conspecificity between S. lineolateralis and S. j. jarrovii. Sceloporus jarrovii sugillatus SMITH 1942 and Sceloporus jarrovii cyanostictus AXTELL & AXTELL 1971 are now considered as valid species.

Synonymy: MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 suggested to synonymize S. lineolateralis with S. jarrovii or consider it as a subspecies of the latter.

Distribution: S. jarrovi does not occur in Querétaro (Mexico) according to DIXON & LEMOS-ESPINAL 2010. Distribution not corrected for removal of subspecies. Not listed for San Luis Potosí by Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013. Not in Morelos fide Lemos-Espinal 2020.

Group: S. torquatus group (sensu lato, fide Flores-Villela et al. 2022) 
EtymologyNamed after Henry Crecy Yarrow, Acting Assistant Surgeon, United States Army, and volunteer curator of amphibians and reptiles in the National Museum of Natural History.

lineolateralis: The Latin lineo,"to make straight," and lateralis, "of the side," refer to the light and especially dark lines along the side of the body. 
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