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Sceloporus olloporus SMITH, 1937

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Rosebelly Lizard
S: Panza Azul-Rosada
marmoratus: Northern Rosebelly Lizard
olloporus: Southern Rose-bellied Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus variabilis olloporus SMITH 1937
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — STUART 1948
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — STUART 1951: 57
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — MERTENS 1952: 52
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — BRATTSTROM & HOWELL 1954
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — TAYLOR 1956: 187
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — STUART 1963
Sceloporus olloporus — MENDOZA-QUIJANO 1998
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus olloporus — BARTELT & PRAßEL 2009
Sceloporus olloporus — SOLIS-ZURITA et al. 2019
Sceloporus variabilis — SUNYER & MARTÍNEZ-FONSECA 2023 
DistributionC Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica

Type Locality: San Juanillo, Costa Rica.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 80458 (was originally 71207), collected 7 October 1931, by Austin Smith; paratypes: UMMZ, USNM, MCZ, FMNH 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: A moderate-sized Sceloporus (maximum snout-vent measurement 70 mm); head scales rugose; dorsal scales usually 48 to 59, average, 52.7; ventral scales, 57 to 72, average 65.1; scales around body, 53 to 68, average 58.8; femoral pores usually 8 to 11, average, 9.8; dorsal scales strongly keeled, strongly mucronate, 4 to 6 times as large as lateral scales; latter subequal in size to ventral scales; ventrals smooth, notched apically; frontoparietals usually in contact medially, usually 2 on each side; anterior section of frontal longitudinally divided, posterior section frequently divided into 2 or more scales; supraoculars usually 5, occasionally broadly in contact with median head scales; prefrontals separated by an azygous scale (very rarely in contact); median frontonasal rarely typical; subnasal usually present; first canthal very frequently touching lorilabials; preocular usually divided; postrostrals usually 4; loreals usually 1; postfemoral dermal pocket present. Color is as in v. variabilis, except the dorso-lateral light stripes and dorsal spots are frequently more distinct [Smith 1937: 11]. 
CommentSynonymy: SITES & DIXON (1982) and several later authors (e.g. McCranie 2018) consider Sceloporus variabilis olloporus as a synonym of the nominat form. Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) recognized Sceloporus v. marmoratus and S. v. olloporus as a distinct species (based on isozyme evidence). However, Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) collected isozyme data for only one specimen they assigned to S. olloporus (from Chiapas, Mexico) and data from specimens from only one locality for S. marmoratus. The locality of their S. marmoratus is over 500 km distant from their closest molecular samples of S. variabilis. Complicating matters is that the locality of the S. olloporus specimen from which Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) extracted molecular data lies outside of the geographic distribution of S. v. olloporus as defined by H. M. Smith (1937, 1939) (McCranie 2018).

Species group: The S. variabilis group consists of five species, Sceloporus couchii, S. cozumelae, S. chrysostictus, S. teapensis, and S. smithi (Leaché et al., 2016), and two species complexes. First, the Sceloporus parvus species complex includes S. parvus parvus and S. parvus scutulatus. Second, the S. variabilis species complex includes three taxa, S. (v.) variabilis, S. (v.) marmoratus and S. (v.) olloporus. 
EtymologyThe Greek ollos, "other," or "of a different sort," and poros, "pore," refer to the relatively small number of femoral pores in the subspecies. 
  • Bartelt, U. & Praßel, S. 2009. Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Nachzucht von Sceloporus olloporus - Lilabauch Stachelleguan (Smith 1937). Iguana Rundschreiben 22 (1): 15-20
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Brattstrom, B. H., & HOWELL, T. R. 1954. Notes on some collections of reptiles and amphibians from Nicaragua. Herpetologica 10: 114-123. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1954. On some lizards from the Republic of El Salvador. Konikl. Nederl. Akad. van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) 57 (2): 165-174
  • Mendoza-Quijano, Fernando; Flores-Villela, Oscar & Sites, Jack W. 1998. Genetic variation, Species status, and phylogenetic relationships in rose-bellied lizards (variabilis group) of the genus Sceloporus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Copeia 1998 (2): 354-366 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • Smith, H.M. 1937. A synopsis of the Variabilis group of the lizard genus Sceloporus, with descriptions of new subspecies. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich 358: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Solis‐Zurita, C, De Luna, E, González, D. 2019. Phylogenetic relationships in the Sceloporus variabilis (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) complex based on three molecular markers, continuous characters and geometric morphometric data. Zoologica Scripta 48: 419– 439 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L.C. 1951. The herpetofauna of the Guatemalan Plateau, with special reference to its distribution on the Southwestern Highlands. Contributions from the Laboratory of Vertebrate Biology, University of Michigan (49): 1-71 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L.C. 1963. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 122): 1-150 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier & José́ Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca 2023. An updated country checklist to the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. REVISTA NICARAGÜENSE DE BIODIVERSIDAD (100): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
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