Sceloporus smaragdinus BOCOURT, 1873
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Sceloporus smaragdinus?
|Higher Taxa||Phrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Bocourt’s Emerald Lizard|
S: Espinosa Esmeralda
|Synonym||Sceloporus smaragdinus BOCOURT 1873: 186|
Sceloporus squamosus smaragdinus — SMITH 1939: 41
Sceloporus malachiticus smaragdinus — STUART 1951: 55
Sceloporus malachiticus smaragdinus — STUART 1963: 71
Sceloporus smaragdinus — KÖHLER 2000: 85
Sceloporus smaragdinus — WIENS et al. 2010
Sceloporus smaragdinus — MCCRANIE 2018
|Distribution||SE Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala|
Type locality: The vicinity of Sololá, Totonicapan, and Quetzaltenango, 2000 m elevation
|Types||Syntypes: MNHN-RA 3148, MNHN-RA 3148A-E, MNHN-RA 3150, MNHN-RA 3150A-C, MNHN-RA 3177, MNHN-RA 3177A (12 specimens), USNM 11000|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. Similar to S. formosus malachiticus, differing in maximum size, size of body scales and in coloration of the male; maximum snout-vent measurement 85 mm.; dorsal scales 38 to 49, average 43; ventral scales 45 to 55, average 50; scales around body 41 to 52, average 48; femoral pores 11 to 18, average 15; frontal seldom separated from interparietal; supraoculars in two irregular rows; one canthal or, if two, the first usually forced above canthal ridge by contact of second canthal and subnasal; loreal very irregular, usually fused with other scales or divided into two or more scales; anterior part of gular region usually orange or red-orange in males; dorsal surfaces of males lined as in /. malachiticus; females colored as in the latter; shoulder spots in males with a narrow dorsal extension not reaching the mid-dorsal line (Smith 1939: 42).|
Color. In preserved males: greenish blue to blue-olive above; a narrow dark streak down the side of each dorsal scale row; toes and fingers faintly barred; a large black spot in front of each shoulder, the two separated from each other by about nine scale rows; scales cyanine blue (shed); most of scales on head with a light central area; tail faintly barred; two irregular parallel dark lines on posterior surface of thighs, separated from each other by a narrow white line.
Posterior part of throat cyanine blue, fading anteriorly on chin and in labial regions to an olive-blue; a broad black band across gular fold region, continuous with black shoulder spots; chest usually dusky white, sometimes black (largest males); sides of abdomen cyanine blue, sometimes darker; lateral abdominal areas with a black median border, the two borders usually separated by a median longitudinal white band, sometimes nearly meeting medially, or separated by a very dark gray area; groin cyanine blue, never black; ventral surfaces of limbs greenish blue.
A series of about eleven small dark spots on each side of back in females; these spots very irregular in shape, sometimes rounded, sometimes narrow and appearing as short transverse bands; limbs fairly distinctly banded or mottled with black; sides of abdomen with irregular dark marks, tending to be arranged in two rows; shoulder spots sometimes narrowly continuous across neck. Ventral surfaces greenish blue, immaculate. In both sexes the shoulder spots usually have a light posterior border (Smith 1939: 43).
|Comment||Synonymy: Sceloporus schmidti has been removed from the synonymy of S. smaragdinus Bocourt 1873 by MCCRANIE 2015: 369 and MCCRANIE 2018.|
|Etymology||The Latin smaragdinus, "emerald-green," aptly refers to the dorsal coloration.|