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Scincella boettgeri (VAN DENBURGH, 1912)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Boettger's Ground Skink 
SynonymLeiolopisma laterale boettgeri VAN DENBURGH 1912
Scincella boettgeri — SCHMIDT 1927
Lygosoma reevesii boettgeri — NAKAMURA & UÉNO 1963
Scincella boettgeri — GREER 1974
Scincella boettgeri — CHEN, OTA & HIKIDA 2001
Scincella boettgeri — SHEA & GREER 2002
Scincella boettgeri — LINKEM et al. 2011
Scincella boettgeri — KOIZUMI et al. 2014 
DistributionJapan (S Ryukyu Islands, endemic to Miyako and Yaeyama Islands).

Type locality: Ishigaki-shima, Loo Choo Islands, Japan  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: CAS 21678; Other syntypes reported as BMNH 1946.8.16.75-76.
Holotype: MCZ 7966 [schmidti] 
CommentScincella boettgeri has been considered as synonym of S. modesta (by OUBOTER 198).

Van Denburgh (1912) diagnosed Leiolopisma laterale boettgeri from L. laterale formosensis, as well as from the nominotypical subspecies, on the basis of relative positions of prefrontals, the numbers of scales around the middle and
along the middorsal line of body, and the degree of distinctness in the lower border of the dorso-lateral dark stripe. 
EtymologyNamed after Oskar Boettger (1844-1910), herpetologist at the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt am Main. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Chen, Szu-Lung, Hidetoshi Ota and Tsutomu Hikida 2001. Geographic Variation in the Two Smooth Skinks, Scincella boettgeri and S. formosensis (Squamata: Scincidae), in the Subtropical East Asian Islands. Zoological Science 18 (1): 115-130 - get paper here
  • Chen, Szu-Lung; Tsutomu Hikida; Han, Sang-Hoon; Shim, Jae-Han; Oh, Hong-Shik & Hidetoshi Ota 2001. Taxonomic status of the Korean populations of the genus Scincella (Squamata: Scincidae). Journal of Herpetology 35 (1): 122-129 - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Koizumi, Yuki; Hidetoshi Ota, and Tsutomu Hikida 2014. Phylogeography of the Two Smooth Skinks, Scincella boettgeri and S. formosensis (Squamata: Scincidae) in the Southern Ryukyus and Taiwan, as Inferred from Variation in Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Sequences. Zoological Science 31, No. 4: 228-236. - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Nakamura K & Uéno SI 1963. Japanese Reptiles and Amphibians in Colour [in Japanese]. Hoikusha, Osaka
  • OKABE, SHINYA; TAKASHI O. YATO & MASAHARU MOTOKAWA. 2021. SCINCELLA BOETTGERI (Boettger’s Ground Skink). ARBOREALITY. Herpetological Review 52 (3): 653–654. - get paper here
  • Ouboter P E 1986. A revision of the genus Scincella (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) of Asia, with some notes on its evolution. Zoologische Verhandelingen (229): 1-66 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1927. Notes on Chinese reptiles. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, 54 (4): 467-551 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer 2002. From Sphenomorphus to Lipinia: Generic reassignment of two poorly known New Guinea skinks. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 148-156 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, J., 1912. Concerning certain species of reptiles and amphibians from China, Japan, the Loo Choo Islands, and Formosa. Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci. (Series 4) 3 (10): 187-258. - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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