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Scincella capitanea OUBOTER, 1986

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Large ground skink 
SynonymScincella capitanea OUBOTER 1986: 31
Scincella capitanea — DAS 1996: 48
Asymblepharus capitaneus — EREMCHENKO et al. 1998
Asymblepharus (Himalablepharus) capitaneus — EREMCHENKO 2003
Scincella capitanea — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 

Type locality: 3 km W . of Dhampus, 1850 m elevation, Annapurna region, Central Nepal.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 20464, 29-V-1981, SH 741, leg. P.E. Ouboter & L.M.R. Nanhoe. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A very large and robust Scincella, with a maximum snout-vent length of 78.5mm (x = 68.2 ± 10.0mm) and well-developed limbs. Head small; neck wider than the head. Thirty to 32 scales around midbody. Ciliars not thickened. Palpebral disc rather small. Ear very small, slit-shaped, without projecting lobules on the anterior margin (Ouboter 1986: 31).

Color: In colour S. capitanea is quite similar to S. l. himalayana, with the exception of the dorsolateral stripe bordering the dark lateral band, which is usually more pronounced in himalayana. Another difference is that the head is distinctly separated from the body by a narrower neck in himalayana. In capitanea the head is small and narrower than the neck. The number of scales around the body usually is higher in capitanea, but some specimens of himalayana have 31 or 32 scales as well (Ouboter 1986: 34). 
EtymologyFrom Latin capitaneus, meaning large. 
  • Eremchenko, V. K 2003. Generic and specific redefinition and redescription of the North-Vietnam skink (Scincella melanosticta (Boulenger, 1887). Izvestiya Vuzov (= Proceedings of Universitities and Institutes), Bishkek, (1-2): 20-28
  • Eremchenko, V.; Helfenberger,N.; K. B. Shah & A. M. Panfilov 1998. Two new species of skinks (Scincidae: Ligosominae [sic]) from Nepal [in Russian]. News nat. Acad. Sci. Kirgiz Republik, Bishkek (4): 41-45
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Nanhoe, L.M.R., & Ouboter, P.E. 1987. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in the Annapurna-Dhaulagiri region (Nepal). Zoologische Verhandelingen (240): 1-105 - get paper here
  • Ouboter P E 1986. A revision of the genus Scincella (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) of Asia, with some notes on its evolution. Zoologische Verhandelingen (229): 1-66 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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