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Scincella monticola (SCHMIDT, 1925)

IUCN Red List - Scincella monticola - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesChinese: 山滑蜥 
SynonymLeiolopisma monticola SCHMIDT 1925: 2
Scincella monticola — MITTLEMAN 1952
Scincella monticola — GREER 1974: 7
Leiolopisma monticola pingliensis SONG 1987
Scincella monticola — SHEA & GREER 2002: 156
Scincella monticola — LINKEM et al. 2011 
DistributionChina (Shaanxi, W Sichuan, NW Yunnan), Vietnam (Lang Son, Cao Bang)

Type locality: Snow Mountain Village, Likiang (= Lijiang), Yunnan.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 20998
Holotype: SIZ 81196, adult female [pingliensis] 
DiagnosisDescription: (determination after Schmidt 1925, Nguyen et al. 2010c, Nguyen et al. 2010a). Small-sized skink, SVL 27 mm, TaL 37.6 mm. For further measurements and proportions see Table 1. (from Pham et al. 2015)

Head longer than wide; rostral wider than high; supranasals absent; prefrontals separated from each other by frontal; parietals in contact posteriorly; enlarged nuchal scales in 3 pairs; loreals 2; supraciliaries 6; supraoculars 4, followed by a small postsupraocular; primary temporal single; secondary temporals 2, upper very large and overlapped by lower one; lower eyelid with a large undivided opaque window, separated from supralabials by a row of small scales; supralabials 7, the fifth below the eye; ear opening without projecting lobules; tympanum slightly sunk; mental wider than long; infralabials 6; postmental undivided; midbody scales in 24 rows; dorsal scales between lateral stripes in 1⁄2 + 4 + 1⁄2 rows, smooth, larger than lateral scales; paravertebral scales 58; ventrals in 56 transverse rows, smooth; precloacals 2, enlarged; medial subcaudals widened; limbs short, pentadactyl; fingers and toes widely separated when adpressed; subdigital lamellae smooth, 7 under fourth finger and 11 under fourth toe. (from Pham et al. 2015)

Coloration in alcohol. Dorsal surface bronze brown with some indistinct dark spots on body, dark brown laterally with a dark stripe from behind the eye to tail tip; ventral surface cream, underside of tail with some brown spots (see Fig. 4). (from Pham et al. 2015) 
Comment 
EtymologyThe species name, ‘monticola’, is Latin for ‘inhabitant of the mountains’ (Latin “colere” = inhabiting). 
References
  • Inger R F; Zhao E; Bradley Shaffer H; Guanfu Wu 1990. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Sichuan, China. Fieldiana: Zoology (No. 58) : i-iii, 1-24 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Neang, Thy; Somaly Chan, Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr.. 2018. A new species of smooth skink (Squamata: Scincidae: Scincella) from Cambodia. Zoological Research, DOI: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.008 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Quang Truong, Nguyen Thien Tao, and Nikolai L. Orlov 2010. New record of the Mountain ground skink Scincella monticola (Schmidt, 1925) (Squamata: Scincidae) from Cao Bang Province, Vietnam. Herpetology Notes 3: 201-203
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Tao, Nguyen Thien; Böhme, Wolfgang; Ziegler, Thomas 2010. FIRST RECORD OF THE MOUNTAIN GROUND SKINK Scincella monticola (SCHMIDT, 1925) (SQUAMATA: SCINCIDAE) FROM VIETNAM. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (1): 67 – 69 - get paper here
  • Pham A, Le D, Nguyen S, Ziegler T, Nguyen T 2015. New provincial records of skinks (Squamata: Scincidae) from northwestern Vietnam. Biodiversity Data Journal 3: e4284; doi: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e4284 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KARL P. 1925. New reptiles and a new salamander from China. American Museum Novitates (157): 1-5. - get paper here
  • Song-Mingtao 1987. Survey of the reptiles of southern Shaanxi. Acta Herpetologica Sinica 6 (1): 59-64 - get paper here
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhang, D. H. H. H. D., & Rao, N. X. D. 2022. Diversity of amphibians and reptiles in Yunnan regions of the Yunling Mountains. Biodiversity Science, 22316 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
 
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