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Siebenrockiella crassicollis (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Siebenrockiella crassicollis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Siamese Temple Turtle, Black Marsh Turtle
G: Dickhalsschildkröte 
SynonymEmys crassicollis GRAY 1831
Emys Crassicolis [sic] — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 325
Emys nigra BLYTH 1855 (non Emys nigra HALLOWELL 1854)
Emys crassicollis GRAY 1857: 343
Bellia crassilabris THEOBALD 1876 (ex errore)
Pangshura cochinchinensis TIRANT 1885
Bellia crassicollis — BOULENGER 1889
Bellia crassicollis — WERNER 1900: 481
Siebenrockiella crassicollis — MERTENS et al. 1934
Siebenrockiella crassicollis — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 454
Siebenrockiella crassicollis — COX et al. 1998: 130
Siebenrockiella crassicollis — NGUYEN et al. 2009 
DistributionS Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand (incl. Phuket), Myanmar (= Burma) (Tenasserim), Laos,
Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo), Singapore

Type locality: "Sumatra".  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.5.36. 
Diagnosis 
CommentType species: Bellia crassicollis (GRAY 1831) is the type species of the genus Siebenrockiella LINDHOLM 1929, a nomen novum pro Bellia. Bellia MILNE-EDWARDS 1848 and Bellia BATE 1851 are Crustaceans, Bellia TUTT 1902 is a lepidopteran.

Genetics: Montiel et al. (2016) identified a macro-chromosome XX/XY system in the GSD wood turtle Glyptemys insculpta, the youngest known sex chromosomes in chelonians (8–20 My old). Comparative analyses show that their X/Y is homologous to chromosome 4 of Chrysemys picta, chromosome 5 of Gallus gallus (chicken), and thus to the X/Y sex chromosomes of Siebenrockiella crassicollis.

Behavior: nocturnal

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps) 
EtymologyNamed after Friedrich Siebenrock (1853-1925), Austrian zoologist. 
References
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Blyth, E. 1856. Report for october meeting, 1855. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 24: 711 - 723 [1855] - get paper here
  • Blyth, EDWARD 1863. Report of the curator, zoological department. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 32 (1): 73-90. - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Bourret, R. 1941. Les tortues de l'Indochine. Institut Océanographique l'Indochine 38:1-235
  • Carr, J.L., and J. W. Bickham 1981. Sex chromosomes of the Asian black pond turtle, Siebenrockiella crassicollis (Testudines: Emydidae). Cytogenet Cell Genet 31(3):178-183 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray,J.E. 1857. Notice of some Indian tortoises (including the description of a new species presented to the British Museum by Professor Oldham). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 19: 342-344 - get paper here
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  • Grossmann,W. & Tillack,F. 2001. Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna des Khao Lak, Phang Nga, thailändische Halbinsel. Teil II: Reptilia: Serpentes; Testudines; Diskussion. Sauria 23 (1): 25-40 - get paper here
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  • Lee, J. C.I.; Tsai, L.C.; Liao, S.P.; Linacre, A. & Hsieh, H.M. 2009. Species identification using the cytochrome b gene of commercial turtle shells. Forensic Science International: Genetics 3: 67–73
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  • Montiel, E. E; D. Badenhorst, J. Tamplin, R. L. Burke, N. Valenzuela 2016. Discovery of the youngest sex chromosomes reveals first case of convergent co-option of ancestral autosomes in turtles. Chromosoma, doi:10. 1007/ s00412-016-0576-7 - get paper here
  • Nguyen TV, Brakels P, Maury N, Sudavanh S, Pawangkhanant P, Idiiatullina S, Lorphengsy S, Inkhavilay K, Suwannapoom C, Poyarkov NA. 2020. New herpetofaunal observations from Laos based on photo records. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(2) [General Section]: 218–249 (e248) - get paper here
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  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
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