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Simalia kinghorni (STULL, 1933)

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Scrub Python
G: Kinghorns Python, Australischer Amethystpython 
SynonymLiasis amethistinus kinghorni STULL 1933: 3
Liasis amethistinus — BRONGERSMA 1953: 319
Liasis amethystinus kinghorni — KINGHORN 1956: 71
Python amethistinus — MCDOWELL 1975: 52
Australiasis kinghorni — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984: 106
Morelia kinghorni — HARVEY et al. 2000
Morelia kinghorni — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010
Simalia kinghorni — REYNOLDS et al. 2014
Morelia kinghorni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 453
Simalia kinghorni — BARKER et al. 2015: 13 
DistributionAustralia (NE Queensland, Cape York Peninsula), several Islands of Torres Strait (e.g. Hinchinbrook).

Type locality: Lake Barrine, Queensland, Australia.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 35022 
CommentSynonymy after HARVEY et al. 2000. Kluge 1993 considered kinghorni as a synonym of amethistina.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after James Roy Kinghorn (1891-1983), Australian herpetologist. For further biographical information see Williams et al. (2006). 
  • Augusteyn, J. A 2004. Southerly range extension for the amethystine python Morelia kinghorni (Squamata: Boidae) in Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 49 (2): 602 - get paper here
  • Barker, D. G., Barker, T. M., Davis, M. A. and Schuett, G. W. 2015. A review of the systematics and taxonomy of Pythonidae: an ancient serpent lineage. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 175 (1): 1-19; doi: 10.1111/zoj.12267 - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1953. Notes on New Guinean reptiles and amphibians. II. Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam (C) 56: 317-325.
  • Esquerré, D & J S Keogh. 2016. Parallel selective pressures drive convergent diversification of phenotypes in pythons and boas. Ecology Letters, 19(7): 800-809 - get paper here
  • Fearn, S. L.; D. Trembath 2006. Southern distribution limits and a translocated population of scrub python Morelia kinghorni (Serpentes: Pythonidae) in tropical Queensland. Herpetofauna, Sydney 36 (2): 85-87
  • Fearn, S.; Schwarzkopf, L. & Shine, K. 2005. Giant snakes in tropical forests: a field study of the Australian scrub python, Morelia kinghorni. Wildl. Resarch 32: 193-201 - get paper here
  • Freeman, A.; A. Freeman 2009. Habitat Use in a Large Rainforst Python (Morelia kinghorni) in the Wet Tropics of North Queensland, Australia. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4 (2): 252-260 - get paper here
  • Freeman, A.; C. Bruce 2007. The Things You Find on the Road: Roadkill and Incidental Data as an Indicator of Habitat Use in Two Species of Tropical Pythons. In: R. W. Henderson, R. Powell (Hsg.): Biology of the Boas and Pythons. Eagle Mountain Publishing Company, Eagle Mountain
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B., David B. Barker, Loren K. Ammerman and Paul T. Chippindale 2000. Systematics of pythons of the Morelia amethistina complex (Serpentes: Boidae) with the description of three new species. Herpetological Monographs 14: 139-185 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1956. The snakes of Australia, 2nd ed. Angus and Robertson, Sydney.
  • McDowell, S.B. 1975. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part lI. Aniloidea and Pythoninae. Journal of Herpetology 9 (1): 1-79 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. & Tom Crutchfield 2019. Giant Snakes - A Natural History. Book Services, 345 pp. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham; Matthew L. Niemiller, Liam J. Revell 2014. Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 201–213 [published online in 2013] - get paper here
  • Schleip, Wulf D & O’Shea, M. 2010. Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. ZooKeys 66 (2010) : 29-79 - get paper here
  • Stull, O.G. 1933. Two new subspecies of the family Boidae. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan (267): 1-4. - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [31 Dec 1983 on cover]
  • Williams, D.; Wüster, W. & Fry, B.G. 2006. The good, the bad and the ugly: Australian snake taxonomists and a history of the taxonomy of Australia’s venomous snakes. Toxicon 48: 919–930 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Winchell, S. 2009. Pythons Australiens. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 16-27 - get paper here
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