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Sinomicrurus macclellandi (REINHARDT, 1844)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesSinomicrurus macclellandi macclellandi (REINHARDT 1844)
Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii (MAKI 1935)
Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei VAN DENBURGH 1912
Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus (GÜNTHER 1858) 
Common NamesE: MacClelland’s Coral Snake
G: MacClellands Korallenotter
Chinese: 中华珊瑚蛇 
SynonymElaps macclellandi REINHARDT 1844: 532
Elaps personatus BLYTH 1855 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis [sic] annularis GÜNTHER 1864: 349
Callophis macclellandii — ANDERSON 1871: 189
Callophis [sic] annularis — GÜNTHER 1888: 171
Calliophis macclellandii — STEJNEGER 1907: 391
Callophis maclellandii [sic] — WALL 1908: 780
Calliophis macclellandii var. gorei WALL 1909: 842
Callophis macclellandi (var. typica) — VENNING 1910: 775
Calliophis swinhoei VAN DENBURGH 1912
Callophis [sic] formosensis THOMPSON 1912
Callophis macclellandi — SMITH 1943: 423
Hemibungarus macclellandi — GOLAY et al. 1993
Micrurus macclellandi — WELCH 1994: 85
Calliophis macclellandii — ZUG & MITCHELL 1995
Calliophis macclellandi — COX et al. 1998: 32
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Hemibungarus macclellandii — GRUBER in SCHLEICH & KÄSTLE 2002
Hemibungarus macclellandii — ORLOV et al. 2003
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — LEVITON et al. 2003
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — ZIEGLER et al. 2007
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 676

Sinomicrurus macclellandii macclellandii (REINHARDT 1844)
Elaps macclellandii REINHARDT 1844
Micrurus macclellandi macclellandi — WELCH 1994: 85
Hemibungarus macclellandi macclellandi — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 209
Calliophis macclellandi macclellandi — MURTHY 2010

Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii (MAKI 1935)
Calliophis iwasakii MAKI 1935
Micrurus macclellandi iwasakii — WELCH 1994: 85
Calliophis macclellandi iwasakii — STANISZEWSKI 2003
Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii — GORIS & MAEDA 2004: 247
Sinomicrurus macclellandi iwasakii — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Sinomicrurus macclellandii swinhoei (VAN DENBURGH 1912)
Calliophis swinhoei VAN DENBURGH 1912: 255
Micrurus macclellandi swinhoei — WELCH 1994: 87
Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Sinomicrurus macclellandii univirgatus (GÜNTHER 1858)
Elaps univirgatus GÜNTHER 1858: 231
Calliophis maclellandi univirgatus — KRAMER 1977
Micrurus macclellandi univirgatus — WELCH 1994: 87
Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus — NGUYEN et al. 2009 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Sikkim, Darjeeling; Arunachal Pradesh [A. Captain, pers. comm.], Mizoram), Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
N Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Vietnam,
China (incl. Hong Kong, Hainan, north to Gansu and Shaanxi), Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Taiwan

iwasakii: Ryukyu Islands (Ishigaki)

swinhoei: Taiwan

univirgatus: Nepal, India (Sikkim), 1000-2000 m elevation

Type locality: Assam, India  
TypesHolotype: Unknown (fide LEVITON et al. 2003), ZMUC 65399 (H. V. Kristensen, pers. comm.)
Holotype: CAS 14978 [swinhoei]
Holotype: CAS 18864 [formosensis]
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.17.84, BMNH 1946.1.17.90, collected by B.H. Hodgson [univirgatus]
Holotype: unknown fide V. Wallach, pers. comm. [iwasakii] 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS (DIAGNOSIS). Vertebral series of scales not enlarged; body scales in 13 parallel longitudinal rows; 1 preocular; 2 postoculars; 7 upper labials; temporals 1 + 1, the anterior shield in contact with 2 upper labials; color pattern red or brownish above with a series of narrow black transverse bars (some-times a narrow, black vertebral stripe with transverse black bars restricted to sides of body [Eastern Himalayas] or black transverse bars reduced to transverse vertebral spots [Assam, Upper Myanmar]) (fide Smith 1943:424); head black anteriorly reaching back to the level of the eyes, followed by a broad white band, which is bordered posteriorly by a black nuchal band; ventrals: males 182–212, females 208–244; subcaudals, mostly paired, occasionally a few single: males 28–36, females 25–33. Total length: males 635 mm, females 780 mm; tail length: males 70 mm, females 60 mm (from LEVITON et al. 2003). 

Conservation: Calliophis macclellandi iwasakii is classified as “near threatened” in Japan (Ota 2000).

Type species: Elaps macclellandii Reinhardt 1844 is the type species of the genus Sinomicrurus SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001.

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Funkelapidus Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Sinomicrurus. 
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