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Siphlophis longicaudatus (ANDERSSON, 1901)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Brazilian Spotted Night Snake 
SynonymTropidodipsas longicaudata ANDERSSON 1901
Siphlophis cervinus cervinus — AMARAL (part.)
Dipsas longicaudata — PETERS 1960
Siphlophis longicaudata — HOGE 1964
Siphlophis cinereus LEMA 1964
Siphlophis longicaudata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 281
Siphlophis longicaudatus — ZAHER & PRUDENTE 2003
Siphlophis longicaudatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 679
Siphlophis longicaudatus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro)

Type locality: “said to be from Brasilia”.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NRM = Royal Museum at Stockholm, female, from 'Brasilia," in the collections of Dr. Touzet. 
Diagnosis 
CommentHas been erroneously reported from Panama by Villa et al. 1988.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
References
  • Andersson, L.G. 1901. Some new species of snakes from Cameroon and South America, belonging to the collections of the Royal Museum in Stockholm. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vet. Akad. Handlingar 27 (4): 1-26 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. 1964. Sur la position systematique de quelques serpents du genre Siphlophis FITZINGER 1843 (Serpentes). Mem. Inst. Butantan 30: 35-50 [1960] - get paper here
  • Lema, Th. de 1964. Uma nova espécie de serpente do gênero Siphlophis Fitzinger, 1843 do Brasil Meridional (Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Rev. bras. Biol. 24 (2): 221-228
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz0, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisnero 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • Oliveira-Pereira, Valquiria de; Weverton dos Santos Azevedo, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Frederico de Alcântara Menezes 2018. Repertoire of antipredator displays in Siphlophis longicaudatus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae). Herpetology Notes 11: 157-160 - get paper here
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of the subfamily Dipsadinae. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (114): 224 pp. - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL. Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, H. & Prudente, A.L.C. 2003. Hemipenes of Siphlophis (Serpentes, Xenodontinae) and techniques of hemipenial preparation in snakes: a response to Dowling. Herpetological Review 34 (4): 302-307 - get paper here
  • Zaher,H. & Prudente, L.C. 1999. Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis in Siphlophis and Tripanurgos. Journal of Herpetology 33 (4): 698-702 - get paper here
 
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