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Siphlophis pulcher (RADDI, 1820)

IUCN Red List - Siphlophis pulcher - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Guanabara Spotted Night Snake
Portuguese: Cobra-Cipó-Listrada, Cobra-Coral, Dorme-Dorme, Dormideira-Cipó-de-Listra-Vermelha 
SynonymColuber pulcher RADDI 1820: 337
Lycognathus geminatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854
Oxyrhopus rhombeatus PETERS 1863: 288
Lycognathus rhombeatus — MÜLLER 1924: 87
Callopistria rubrovertebralis AMARAL 1936 (fide HOGE 1964)
Siphlophis cervinus rubrovertebralis — AMARAL 1977: 140
Siphlophis pulcher — BAUER et al. 1995: 73
Siphlophis pulcher — HAMDAN et al. 2012
Siphlophis pulcher — WALLACH et al. 2014: 679
Siphlophis pulcher — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro)

Type locality: “vicinanze di Rio-Janeiro”.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUF (also as MRF or IRMC) (G. Raddi). 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy fide WALLACH et al. 2014: 679.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulcher” = beautiful, handsome, fine, fair. 
References
  • Alencar, Laura R. V.; Marília P. Gaiarsa, and Marcio Martins 2013. The Evolution of Diet and Microhabitat use in Pseudoboine Snakes. South American J. Herp. 8 (1): 60-66. - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. do 1936. Contribuicao ao cohecimento dos ophidos do Brasil. VII. Novas generos e especies de Colubridoes opisthoglyphos. Mem. Inst. Butantan 9 (1935): 203-207 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. 1977. Serpentes do Brasil. Iconografía colorida. Tomo I, II y III. Ed. Melhoramentos & Inst. Nac. Livro, Edit. Univ. Sao Paulo, 248 pp.
  • Amaral,A. do 1933. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios do Brasil VIII. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [10?]: 87-162 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Cicchi, P.J.P., M.A. Sena, D.M. Peccinini-Seale, and M.R. Duarte. 2007. Snakes from coastal islands of State of São Paulo,Southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica 17: 227–240 - get paper here
  • Cruz Centeno, Fernanda da; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya & Otavio Augusto Vuolo Marques 2008. Snake assemblage of Ilha de São Sebastião, southeastern Brazil: comparison to mainland. Biota Neotropica 8 (3): 63-68 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. 1964. Sur la position systematique de quelques serpents du genre Siphlophis FITZINGER 1843 (Serpentes). Mem. Inst. Butantan 30: 35-50 [1960] - get paper here
  • Klaczko, J; Sherratt E, Setz EZF 2016. Are Diet Preferences Associated to Skulls Shape Diversification in Xenodontine Snakes? PLoS One 11 (2): e0148375. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148375 - get paper here
  • Kunz, Tobias Saraiva;<br />Ivo Rohling Ghizoni-Jr.,<br />Walter Luis Alves dos Santos & Paulo Afonso Hartmann 2007. Nota sobre a coleção herpetológica da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC). Biotemas, 20 (3): 127-132 - get paper here
  • Müller, L. 1924. Ueber neue oder seltene Mittel- und Südamerikanische Amphibien und Reptilien. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 11 (1): 75-93 [1923]
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1863. Über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Schlangenarten des zoologischen Museums zu Berlin. Monatsb. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1863: 272-289.
  • Raddi, G. 1820. Di alcune specie nuovi di rettili e piante brasiliana. Memorie di Matematica e di Fisica della Società Italiana delle Scienze residente in Modena 18: 313-343 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL. Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher,H. & Prudente, L.C. 1999. Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis in Siphlophis and Tripanurgos. Journal of Herpetology 33 (4): 698-702 - get paper here
 
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