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Sitana laticeps DEEPAK & GIRI, 2016

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Broad-headed fan-throated lizard 
SynonymSitana laticeps DEEPAK & GIRI in DEEPAK et al. 2016 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra: Balaghat Hill Range near Pune), elevation 513-930 m.

Type locality: Bopdev Ghat, georeferenced latitude N18.372818°, longitude E73.9128°, Pune District, Maharashtra State  
Reproductionoviparous. Breeding males are found during the months of May, June and August. 
TypesHolotype: NCBS AQ056, adult male, collected by V. Deepak and Amod Zambre on 21 August 2013. Paratypes. CES 141165, adult male and BNHS 2312, adult female, Saswad, georeferenced latitude N18.347139°, longitude E73.898489°, Pune District, Maharashtra state, collected by V. Deepak and Amod Zambre on 21 August 2013. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Sitana laticeps sp. nov. can be distinguished from all the members of Sitana ponticeriana clade in having a weakly-serrated dewlap with only a single blue median line and with white or yellowish color on the dewlap (Fig. 3D and E). Sitana laticeps sp. nov. can be distinguished from Sitana spinaecephalus sp. nov. in having a proportionally smaller dewlap (29% of the length of the trunk vs 36%). Additionally, Sitana laticeps sp. nov. can be differentiated from Sitana spinaecephalus sp. nov. in having less promi- nent spines on the back of the head. Sitana laticeps sp. nov. are one of the small sized Sitana; males (44.7 ± 2.0), females (46.1 ± 3.0). Details on morphometric data, scale counts and body ratios of select characters for multiple samples are given in Table 3, 7 and 8.
CommentDistribution: see map in Deepak et al. 2016: 80 (Fig. 8).

Habitat: rocky terrain with low grass and sparse scrub.

Sympatry: Calotes versicolor, Sarada deccanensis. 
EtymologyThe new species is named for its broad head, laticeps, derived from the Latin word latus meaning broad and Latin suffix ceps referring to its head. 
  • Deepak, V., Karanth, P. 2017. Aridification driven diversification of fan-throated lizards from the Indian subcontinent. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Deepak, V.; Varad B. Giri, Mohammad Asif, Sushil Kumar Dutta, Raju Vyas, Amod M. Zambre, Harshal Bhosale, K. Praveen Karanth 2016. Systematics and phylogeny of Sitana (Reptilia: Agamidae) of Peninsular India, with the description of one new genus and five new species. Contributions to Zoology 85 (1): 67-111 - get paper here
  • Zambre, A. M., Khandekar, A., Sanap, R., O'Brien, C., Snell-Rood, E. C., & Thaker, M. 2020. Asymmetric interspecific competition drives shifts in signalling traits in fan-throated lizards. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 287(1940), 20202141 - get paper here
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