You are here » home advanced search search results Spalerosophis diadema

Spalerosophis diadema (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Spalerosophis diadema?

Add your own observation of
Spalerosophis diadema »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesSpalerosophis diadema cliffordii (SCHLEGEL 1837)
Spalerosophis diadema diadema (SCHLEGEL 1837)
Spalerosophis diadema schirazianus (JAN 1863) 
Common NamesE: Diadem Snake, Royal Snake
G: Pakistanische Diademnatter 
SynonymColuber diadema SCHLEGEL 1837: 146
Coluber cliffordii SCHLEGEL 1837
Zamenis cliffordii GÜNTHER 1858
Zamenis cliffordii — GÜNTHER 1859: 226
Zamenis diadema — ANDERSON 1871: 174
Zamenis diadema — BOULENGER 1887: 408
Zamenis diadema — BOULENGER 1893: 411
Zamenis diadema — WALL 1911
Spalerosophis diadema — SCHMIDT 1930: 227
Spalerosophis cliffordii — OVADIA 1985
Spalerosophis diadema — DAS 1996: 59
Spalerosophis diadema — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 520
Spalerosophis diadema — BAIG et al. 2007
Spalerosophis diadema — WALLACH et al. 2014: 683
Spaleorosophis diadema — RÖSLER & WRANIK 2017 (in error)
Sphalerosophis diadema diadema — MANZOOR et al. 2019 (in error)

Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii (SCHLEGEL 1837
Coluber guttatus FORSKAL 1775 [non C. guttatus LINNAEUS 1766]: 14
Coluber cahirinus GMELIN 1789: 1115 (nomen novum, nom. oblit.)
Coluber geoffroyii GRAY 1831
Coluber cliffordi SCHLEGEL 1837 (nomen protectum fide SCHÄTTI et al. 2009
Periops parallelus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 678
Zamenis cliffordi — BLANFORD 1881: 679
Zamenis (Periops) versicolor — BOETTGER 1885: 458
Zamenis cliffordi — MOJSISOVICS 1889
Spalerosophis cliffordii — SCHMIDT 1939
Spalerosophis cliffordii — SCHMIDT & MARX 1956
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — SCHNURRENBERGER 1963
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — KRAMER & SCHNURRENBERGER 1963
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — WERNER & FRANKENBERG 1982
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordi — MEHRTENS 1987: 205
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — OSMAN & SIR 1988
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — LEVITON et al. 1992: 105
Spalerosophis cliffordii — SHINE 1994
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — SCHÄTTI & GASPERETTI 1994
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — VAN DER KOOIJ 2001
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — SCHLÜTER 2005
Spalerosophis cliffordii —TRAPE & MANÉ 2006: 160
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — SINDACO et al. 2006
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — IBRAHIM 2013
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — SINDACO et al. 2014
Spalerosophis cliffordii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 682
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — ALSHAMMARI et al. 2017
Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii — YADOLLAHVANDMIANDOAB et al. 2022

Spalerosophis diadema schirazianus (JAN 1863
Periops parallellus var. schiraziana JAN in FILIPPI 1865: 356
Spalerosophis schirazianus — SCHMIDT 1939
Spalerosophis diadema schirazanus — MINTON 1966
Spalerosophis diadema schirazanus — ANDERSON & LEVITON 1969
Spalerosophis diadema schirazanus — NILSON & ANDREN 1981: 141
Spalerosophis diadema schirazanus — LEVITON et al. 1992: 105
Spalerosophis diadema schirazana — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996
Spalerosophis schirazianus — KHAN 2002
Spalerosophis diadema schirasianus — SCHÄTTI et al. 2010
Spalerosophis diadema schirazana — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2016
Spalerosophis schirazianus — SAVAGE & MCDIARMID 2017: 64
Spalerosophis schirasianus — YADOLLAHVANDMIANDOAB et al. 2022 
DistributionIraq, Iran, Afghanistan, W Pakistan, N India (Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, Kashmir),
U.S.S.R., S Turkmenistan, S Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan,
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sinai, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Western Sahara ?, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, N Sudan (Jumhūriyyat), SE Turkey, Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait, Saudi Arabia

cliffordii: from Morocco to Libya, Egypt; Western Sahara, Mauritania, Algeria, Niger (fide TRAPE & MANÉ 2006), Syria, Jordan, Turkey, Iran, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Yemen; Type locality: Tripoli, Libya.

schirazianus: W Iran (Zagros Mts. and the region of Bushire), S Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, India; Pakistan; Type locality: Shiraz, Iran

diadema: Pakistan, India; Type locality: near Bombay, India fide MARX 1959. According to WALL 1914 and MERTENS 1940 the type locality is actually northern part of the Persian gulf (“from Buchier”).  
TypesLectotype: iconotype, illustrated by P. Russell 1801: 34 (pl. 30, designated by Wallach et al. 2014: 683
Lectotype: RMNH 467A (”whereabouts unknown, fide SCHÄTTI 2010); paralectotypes: RMNH RENA.467, RMNH RENA.467.a, RMNH RENA.467.b; original types lost (SCHÄTTI 2010) [cliffordi]
Syntypes: MSNM, MSNG (Milano) [schirazianus] 
CommentSchlegel’s description was based on a plate in Russell, Ind. Serp. (1801) ii: 34. Spalerosophis diadema dolichospila, and atriceps have been elevated to species status. KHAN (pers. comm.) considers schiraziana and atriceps as full species; in this case S. diadema does not occur in Pakistan (but schiraziana and atriceps do). However, BAIG et al. (2007) synonymized Spalerosophis diadema schiraziana (JAN 1865) with S. diadema.

Distribution: S. d. atriceps occurs in Gujarat but S. diadema (without atriceps) does not. See map in Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019 for map in UAE. For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013, Yadollahvandmiandoab at al. 2022: Fig. 3. 
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Alshammari, A. M. and Busais, S. M. 2020. Distribution of snakes in Ha’il Province, Saudi Arabia, with an identification key to the species. Russian Journal of Herpetology 27 (1): 5-10. - get paper here
  • Alshammari, Ahmed M. and Adel A. Ibrahim 2015. Lizards and Snakes in the Historical Faid Protected Area (Faid Hema), Ha'il Region, Saudi Arabia. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Alshammari, Ahmed Mohajja; Salem M. Busais, Abdel A. Ibrahim 2017. Snakes in the Province of Ha’il, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including two new records. Herpetozoa 30 (1/2): 59 - 63 - get paper here
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S. C. & A. E. Leviton 1969. Amphibians and reptiles collected by the Street expedition to Afghanistan, 1965. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 37: 25-56 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid J. and Rafaqat Masroor 2008. The snakes of the genus Spalerosophis Jan, 1865 in Indo-Pakistan and Iran (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae). Herpetozoa 20 (3/4): 109-115 [2007] - get paper here
  • Ball, R.L & Ford, N.B. 1999. Courtship and mating behaviour in the diadem snake, Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii (Colubridae). African Journal of Herpetology 48 (1-2): 27-31 - get paper here
  • Bar, A., Haimovitch, G. and Meiri, S. 2021. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Israel. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt Am Main. ISBN 9783-89973-120-0
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Baran, I. 1976. Türkiye yilanlarinin taksonomik revizyonu ve cografi dagilislari [Turkish Snakes]. TBTAK Ankara, 177 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Jonathan C. DeBoer , Dylan J. Taylor 2017. Atlas of the Reptiles of Libya. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (8): 155-318 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1885. Liste der von Hrn. Dr. med. W. Kobelt in Algerien und Tunisien gesammelten Kriechtiere. In W. Kobelt (editor), Reiseerinnerungen aus Algerien und Tunis. Berichte der Senckenbergischen Naturforschungs Gesellschaft 1885: 452–475 - get paper here
  • Bondarenko D. A., Ergashev U. H. 2022. Reptiles of the Southwestern Tajikistan desert plains: Spatial distribution, population density and communities structure. [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology 22 (1-2): 17 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Burriel-Carranza B, Pedro Tarroso, Johannes Els, Andrew Gardner, Pritpal Soorae, Ahmed Ali Mohammed, Sai Ravi Krishna Tubati, Mohamed Mustafa Eltayeb, Junid Nazeer Shah, Héctor Tejero-Cicuéndez, Marc Simó-Riudalbas, Juan Manuel Pleguezuelos, Daniel F 2019. An integrative assessment of the diversity, phylogeny, distribution, and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles (Sauropsida, Squamata) of the United Arab Emirates. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0216273 - get paper here
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. [detaileld review in HR 51 (1): 161] - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2003. Diversity of snakes (on the materials of the exposition of the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University). Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 376 pp
  • Ebrahimipour, Farnaz; Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Batoul Ghorbani 2016. A Preliminary Study of the Reptile’s Fauna in Northwestern Yazd Province, Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 243-248 - get paper here
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Eissa, S.M. & EL ASSY, Y.S. 1975. Record of certain reptilian species found in Kuwait. Jour. Univ. Kuwait (Sci.), 2: 123-146 - get paper here
  • Esterbauer, H. 2005. Der Wüstenzoo Sidi Tijani in der tunesischen Oase Bled el Djerid. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (53): 80-84 - get paper here
  • Fathnia, B.; N. Rastegar Pouyani; H. Darvishnia; M. Rajabzadeh 2010. The snake fauna of Ilam Province, southwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 6 (1) - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
  • Forcart, Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Ford, Neil B. and Richard A. Seigel 2010. An Experimental Test of the Fractional Egg Size Hypothesis. Herpetologica 66 (4): 451-455 - get paper here
  • Franzen, M. 1999. A record of Spalerosophis diadema (Reptilia: Colubridae) from Adıyaman province, Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 19: 33 - get paper here
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Geniez, P.; Mateo, J.A.; Geniez, M. & Pether, J. 2004. The amphibians and reptiles of the Western Sahara (former Spanish Sahara) and adjacent regions. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 228 pp. [reviewed in Reptilia GB 44: 81]
  • Göcmen, B.; Franzen, M.; Yilidz, M.Z.; Akman, B. & Yalcinkaya, D. 2009. New locality records of eremial snake species in southeastern Turkey (Ophidia: Colubridae, Elapidae, Typhlopidae, Leptotyphlopidae). Salamandra 45 (2): 110-114 - get paper here
  • Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturführer, 266 pp.
  • Günther,A. 1859. On the geographical distribution of reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 3: 221-237 - get paper here
  • Hamid, H. N., Rais, M., Arif, M., & Noor, R. 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of Sheikh Baddin National Park, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Diversity, Threats and Conservation Prospects. Pakistan J. Zool. 53(2): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Hellmich, W. 1959. Bemerkungen zu einer kleinen Sammlung von Amphibien und Reptilien aus Süd-Persien. Opuscula Zoologica 35: 1-9 - get paper here
  • Ibrahim, Adel A. 2013. The Herpetology of the Suez Canal Zone, Egypt. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 87–110 - get paper here
  • Jablonski D, Regan JM, Holzheuser C, Farooqi J, Basit A, Masroor R 2019. Additional data to the herpetofauna of Afghanistan. Herpetozoa 32: 177-193 - get paper here
  • Jestrzemski, Daniel 2018. Auf Schlangensuche im Heiligen Land – eine Woche Israel. Ophidia 12 (1): 2-17
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Kantz, Helmut 2013. Die Diademnatter, Spalerosophis diadema cliffordi - Eine etwas andere Natter. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (3): 76-80 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 1986. A noteworthy collection of Amphibians and reptiles from North- Western Punjab, Pakistan. The Snake 18: 118-125
  • Khan, M.S. 2002. Die Schlangen Pakistans [English edition as “A Guide to the snakes of Pakistan”]. Edition Chimaira (Frankfurt am Main), 265 pp. [review in HR 34: 400, Russ J Herp 12: 79] - get paper here
  • Khashab R, Jablonski D 2022. First record of the Diadem Snake, Spalerosophis diadema (Squamata, Colubridae) for Lebanon. Herpetozoa 35: 77-80 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Lanza, B. 1964. Il genere Sphalerosophis e descrizione di una nuova specie (Reptilia, Serpentes). Monit. zool. ital. 72: 47-64.
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Mahabal, Anil and Sanjay Thakur 2014. INSTANCES OF ABERRANT COLORS AND PATTERNS AMONG THE INDIAN HERPETOFAUNA: A REVIEW. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (2): 80-88
  • Martin T, Guillemin M, Nivet-Mazerolles V, Landsmann C, Dubos J, Eudeline R, and Stroud J. 2017. The herpetofauna of central Uzbekistan. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [General Section]: 93–107 - get paper here
  • Martínez del Mármol, Gabriel; D. James Harris, Philippe Geniez, Philip de Pous, and Daniele Salvi 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Morocco. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 478 pp - get paper here
  • Marx, H. 1959. Review of the colubrid snake genus Spalerosophis. Fieldiana Zoology 39: 347-361. - get paper here
  • Mediani, Mohamed; Soumia Fahd, Franck Chevalier, Abdeljebbar Qninba and Mohamed Lamine Samlali. 2013. New distribution limit of Clifford’s diadem snake Spalerosophis diadema (Serpentes: Colubridae) in southern Morocco. Herpetology Notes 6: 453-456.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Meiri, Shai; Amos Belmaker, Daniel Berkowic, Kesem Kazes, Erez Maza, Guy Bar-Oz and Roi Dor 2019. A checklist of Israeli land vertebrates. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Samy A. Saber, Abdullah M. Nagy, Roman A. Nazarov, Daniel A. Melnikov, Natalia B. Ananjeva 2019. First Report on the Reptile Diversity of Wadi El Gemal National Park, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Russ. J. Herpetol. 26 (3): 175-184 - get paper here
  • Minton, S. A. Jr. 1966. A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 29-184. - get paper here
  • Moadab, Morteza; Jamil Zargan, Eskandar Rastegar-pouyani, Ashkan Hajinourmohammadi 2018. Modeling the potential distribution of Spalerosophis diadema (Schlegel, 1837) (Serpents: Colubridae) in Iran. Herpetology Notes 11: 805-808 - get paper here
  • Modrý, P., Rifai, L., Abu Baker, M. & Amr, Z. 2004. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Denisia 14 (Neue Serie 2): 407-420 - get paper here
  • Mojsisovics, A. v. 1889. Nachträgliche Bemerkungen zu meiner Arbeit „Über die geographische Verbreitung einiger westpalaearktischer Schlangen”. Mitt. naturwiss. Ver. Steiermark, 1888: 270-273 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Nilson,G. & Andren,C. 1981. Die Herpetofauna des Kavir-Schutzgebietes, Kavir-Wüste, Iran. Salamandra 17 (3-4): 130-146 - get paper here
  • Osman, H.E.S.I., & Sir, N.T.E. 1988. The snakes of the Sudan. 1. The snakes of Khartoum Province. The Snake 20 (1): 74-79.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Padial, J. M. 2006. COMMENTED DISTRIBUTIONAL LIST OF THE REPTILES OF MAURITANIA (WEST AFRICA). Graellsia, 62(2): 159-178 - get paper here
  • Pestov M. V., Gnetneva A. N., Dieterich T. P., Nurmukhambetov Z. E., Mukhashov A. T. 2018. NEW RECORDS OF THE DIADEM SNAKE SPALEROSOPHIS DIADEMA (SQUAMATA, COLUBRIDAE) IN KAZAKHSTAN. Current Studies in Herpetology 18 (1-2): 69 - get paper here
  • Pola, L., Hejduk, V., Winkelhöfer, T., Zíka, A., Baker, M. A. A., & Amr, Z. S. 2020. Recent Observations on Amphibians and Reptiles in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Jordan Journal of Natural History, 7: 11-29 - get paper here
  • Rais, Muhammad; Ayesha Akram, Syeda Maria Ali, Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Misbah Jahangir, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, and Maqsood Anwar 2015. Qualitative Analysis of Factors Influencing the Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Herpetofauna in Chakwal Tehsil (Chakwal District), Punjab, Pakistan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, M. 2017. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp. [2018 ?] - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rhadi, Fadhel Aabbas;Rihab Ghaleb Mohammed, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani,Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani 2017. On the Snake Fauna of Central and Southern Iraq and Some Zoogeographic Remarks. Russ. J. Herpetol. 24 (4): 251-266 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert and Wolfgang Wranik 2017. Untersuchungen und Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna des Jemen. Jemen-Report Jg. 48 (1/2)
  • Sahi D.N., Koul S. 2020. Annotated List of Amphibians and Reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir State. In: Dar G. & Khuroo A. (eds) Biodiversity of the Himalaya: Jammu and Kashmir State. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation, vol 18. Springer, Singapore - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. & McDiarmid, R.W. (eds.) 2017. The Herpetological Contributions of Giorgio Jan (1791-1866). SSAR, 920 pp. - get paper here
  • SCHÄTTI, B. & TILLACK, F. & KUCHARZEWSKI, CH. 2009. Identität und Status dreier aus Ägypten beschriebener Schlangenarten: Coluber tyria LINNAEUS, 1758, Coluber cahirinus GMELIN, 1789 und Coluber geoffroyii GRAY, 1831. Herpetozoa 22: - get paper here
  • Schätti, B.; Tillack, F. & Helfenberger, N. 2009. A contribution to Spalerosophis microlepis JAN 1865, with a short review of the genus and a key to the species (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae). Herpetozoa 22 (3/4): 115-135 - get paper here
  • Schätti, Beat, Ineich, Ivan & Kucharzewski, Christoph. 2010. Nominal taxa of Spalerosophis diadema (Schlegel, 1837) from Iraq to Pakistan – two centuries of confusion (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 117 (4): 637-664 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2005. Chott el Djerid. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (55): 44-50 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2006. Sandliebhaber - die psammophilen Nattern Nordafrikas. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (60): 72-80 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1930. Reptiles of Marshall Field North Arabian Desert Expedition, 1927-1928. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. xvii: 221-230 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schnurrenberger, Hans 1963. Fishes, amphibians, and reptiles of two Libyan oases. Herpetologica 18 (4): 270-273 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Shestopal A., Amanov A., Ovezov T. 2021. An overview of reptiles from the Kaplankyr Nature Reserve and adjacent territories. [in Russian] Proc. Inst. Zool., Kazakhstan, pp. 105-126 - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard 1994. Sexual size dimorphism in snakes revisited. Copeia 1994 (2): 326-346 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Serra, G. & Menegon, M. 2006. New data on the Syrian herpetofauna with a newly-recorded species of snake. Zoology of the Middle-East 37: 29-38 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Sochurek,E. 1979. Die Schlangen Nordafrikas. Mitt. Zool. Ges. Braunau 3 (8/9): 219-226
  • Trape J-F and Mané Y. 2015. The snakes of Niger. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 9(2) [Special Section]: 39–55 (e110) - get paper here
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mané, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, Jean-François & Youssouph Mané 2017. The snakes of Mali. Bonn zoological Bulletin 66 (2): 107–133 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 4: The terrestrial snakes. Podarcis 2 (2): 54-65 - get paper here
  • Velo-Antón, G., Henrique, M., Liz, A.V. et al. 2022. DNA barcode reference library for the West Sahara-Sahel reptiles. Scientific Data 9(1): 459. - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1911. Remarks on a snake collection in the Quetta museum. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 20: 1033-1042 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1913. A Popular Treatise on the Common Indian Snakes. Part XXIII. (With Plate XXIII, Diagram and Map.) Coluber radiatus (The Copper-headed Bat-Snake) and Zamenis diadema (The Royal Snake). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 206 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1897. Über Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Tunis aus dem Kgl. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges., Wien 47: 395-407 - get paper here
  • Yadollahvandmiandoab, R., Koroiva, R., Bashirichelkasari, N. & Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2022. Phylogenetic relationships and divergence times of the poorly known genus Spalerosophis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Org Divers Evol (2022) - get paper here
  • Yadollahvandmiandoab, Reza; Daniel oliveira Mesquita, Haji Gholi Kami 2018. A preliminary study on the biology of the Diadem snake (Spalerosophis diadema), from Iran (Reptilia: Colubridae). Herpetology Notes 11: 481-487 - get paper here
  • Yıldız MZ. 2020. Herpetofauna of Kilis Province (Southeast Anatolia, Turkey). Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(2) [General Section]: 145–156 (e242) - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator