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Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi (GRANT 1959)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus atessares THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus GARMAN 1888
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda BARBOUR 1904
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus BARBOUR 1921
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus nigropunctatus GRAY 1845
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal (THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi SCHWARTZ 1972
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966 
Common NamesE: Three-banded Geckolet, Black-spotted Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus nigropunctatus GRAY 1845:168
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus — BOULENGER 1885: 220
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus — BARBOUR & RAMSDEN 1919: 124
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus nigropunctatus — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1974
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 512

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi (GRANT 1959)
Sphaerodactylus alayoi GRANT 1959
Sphaerodactylus alayoi — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 513

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus atessares THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus atessares THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966: 8
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus atessares — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus GARMAN 1888
Sphaerodactylus decoratus GARMAN 1888: 112
Sphaerodactylus decoratus BARBOUR 1904: 57
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1974
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 513

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda BARBOUR 1904
Sphaerodactylus flavicaudus BARBOUR 1904: 56
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1974
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 513

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus BARBOUR 1921
Sphaerodactylus gibbus BARBOUR 1921
Sphaerodactylus gibbus — BARBOUR 1933: 221
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus granti THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1974
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus lissodesmus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1974
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal (THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966)
Sphaerodactylus torrei ocujal THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi SCHWARTZ 1972
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1974
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514

Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus decoratus strategus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1974
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 514 
DistributionBahamas (Rum Key), Andros Island, Bimini Islands, Berry Islands, Cuba, Exuma Cays, Bahamas, Antilles, Eleuthera

nigropunctatus: Bahama Is.: eastern Great Bahama Bank; Type locality: South America; restricted by Thomas and Schwartz, 1974, to Nassau, New Providence Island, Bahama Islands.

alayoi: Cuba, bower southern slopes of Sierra del Guaso, eastern Cuenca de Guantánamo, southeast of Bahia de Guantânamo.

decoratus: Bahama Is.: Rum Cay.

flavicauda: Bahama Is.: western Great Bahama Bank; Cay Sal Bank.

gibbus: Bahama Is.: Exuma Cays, Long I., Littie San Salvador I.; Green Cay; Cuba (Holguin, fide Barbour 1933); intergrades with S. n. nigropunctatus on northernmost Exuma Cays.

granti: Cuba, Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagùey, Cayos bs Ballenatos; northeastern Camagüey Province to Holguin and Guantánamo provinces and to northeast Granma Province, and to southern Guantánamo Province; intergrades with S. n. strategus near city of Guantánamo and further south.

lissodesmus: Cuba, Sierra de Cubitas.

ocujal: Cuba, southeastern coast.

porrasi: Bahama Is.: Ragged Is.

strategus: Cuba, southeastern coast.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Material from southern Eleuthera I., Cat I., northern Long I. is unassigned subspecifically.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.24.81.
Holotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 44215 [alayoi]
Holotype: MCZ 6220 [decoratus]
Holotype: MCZ 13436 [gibbus]
Holotype: BYU 17233 [granti]
Syntypes: CAS 39337, MCZ 6953, MCZ 13564, MCZ 8485-95, UMMZ 107614 [flavicauda]
Holotype: MCZ 57344 [lissodesmus]
Holotype: USNM 138015 [ocujal]
Holotype: CM 54051 [porrasi]
Holotype: MCZ 81110 [strategus]
Holotype. MCZ 81100, an adult female, collected 5 October 1965 by Richard Thomas; paratypes: ASFS, MCZ, USNM, AMNH, UF, INHS (= UIMNH), KU [atessares] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL in males to 40 mm, in females to 40 mm); dorsals
granular to swollen, rounded to acute and slightly imbricate, sometimes conical or papillate, especially on posterior flanks, faint keeling often present in lumbar region, axilla to groin 41-72; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, flattened, acute to cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 22-43; dorsal caudal scales smooth, flat-lying, imbricate, acute, ventral caudal scales cycloid, imbricate, enlarged midventrally; snout rather blunt, not depressed or decurved; snout scales large, broad, swollen, smooth, juxtaposed; 3 postnasals; 0-3 (mode 1) internasals; upper labials to mideye 3-5 (mode 4); gular scales smooth; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 52-89; escutcheon generally compact, usually not extending to behind knees, 5-11 x 6-27, apparently at times absent in some otherwise adult males. Pattern strongly sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) unicolor dark brown to yellowish brown or bluish gray, at times with dark brown to black spots, either large and conspicuous and covering all dorsal surfaces (including head) or restricted to various body areas (head only, body only), these conditions probably due in part to ontogenesis; tail and head more yellow; dorsum (females) with same ground color as males but prominently crossbanded with dark nuchal band (collar) distinctly darker and 3-5 body bands (Bahama Is.), or same intensity as body bands (Cuba); body bands dark-edged with pale ocelli included (or not) at least in collar and in all body bands; head pattern dark trilineate (1 median, 2 dark canthal stripes), lines usually meeting a dark postocular band; a dark auricular band including the auricular opening preceding collar; juveniles like females but pattern less intense (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 512). 
CommentSubspecies: Schwartz & Garrido (1985) downgraded S. alayoi to S. nigropunctatus alayoi. RÖSLER (1995: 173) shows two color plates of “Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus cf. granti”. RÖSLER 2000 doesn’t list atessares as subspecies. Sphaerodactylus gibbus was synonymized with S. torrei by GRANT 1956. Thomas & Schwartz 1974 considered decoratus as a synonym of nigropunctatus but changed that later to subspecies. 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1904. Batrachia and Reptilia from the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 46: 55—61 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1921. Sphaerodactylus. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. (Harvard) 47: 215-282. - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1933. A lizard from Cuba. Copeia 1933 (4): 221 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Fong, A. & Diaz 2004. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the southeastern coast of Cuba. Solenodon 4: 73-84
  • Franz, Richard;Dodd, C. Kenneth, Jr 1994. Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus (Exuma Islands black-spotted ground gecko). Bahamas: Great Bahama Bank. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 166 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1888. Reptiles and batrachians from the Caymans and from the Bahamas. Collected by Prof. C. J. Maynard for the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Bull. Essex Inst. 20: 101-113 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1959. A new Sphaerodactylus from Guantanamo, Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (1): 49-53 - get paper here
  • Grant, Chapman 1957. The status of Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus, a Neotropical gecko. Natural History Miscellanea (158): 1-4
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. 1972. A new subspecies of Sphaerodactylus decoratus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) from the Bahama Islands. Herpetologica 28: 247-251 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and O. H. Garrido. 1974. A new Cuban species of Sphaerodactylus (Gekkonidae) of the nigropunctatus complex. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 87: 337-343. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. and O. H. Garrido. 1985. The Cuban lizards of the genus Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Milwaukee Public Mus. Contrib. Biol. Geol. 62: 1-67.
  • Thomas, R. and Schwartz, A. 1974. The status of Sphaerodactylus gilvitorques Cope, and of Sphaerodactylus nigropumictatus Gray (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Journal of Herpetology 8 (4): 353-358 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R., and A. Schwartz. 1966. The Sphaerodactylus decoratus complex in the West Indies. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, 7:1-26 - get paper here
 
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