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Sphaerodactylus samanensis COCHRAN, 1932

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Haitises Banded Geckolet, Samana Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus samanensis COCHRAN 1932:183
Sphaerodactylus samanensis — COCHRAN 1941
Sphaerodactylus samanensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 531
Sphaerodactylus samanensis — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus samanensis — RÖSLER 2000: 114
Sphaerodactylus samanensis — CHÁVEZ et al. 2021 
DistributionHispaniola: Dominican Republic

Type locality: Boca del Infierno, Bahia de Samana, Hato Mayor Province, República Dominicana.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 74970. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 27 mm, in females to 29 mm); dorsals
large, keeled, tectiform, imbricate, axilla to groin 23-28; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, cycloid, slightly smaller than dorsals, axilla to groin ca. 22-28; dorsal caudal scales large, faintly keeled, imbricate, ventral caudal scales smooth, imbricate; snout somewhat blunted, not depressed or decurved; snout scales enlarged, granular, distinctly keeled, nonimbricate; 2 post-nasals; 0 internasal; upper labials to mideye 3; gular scales very small, smooth, imbricate; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 44-48; escutcheon unknown. Pattern apparently somewhat sexually dichromatic; dorsum tan; a broad, dark collar with 2 white ocelli, these opening laterally so that collar is laterally divided, forming a transverse H, or with ocelli entire; body with 4 dark brown to black transverse lines or bars, comparable to the bold edges of 2 completely hollowed transverse bars, bars (in males) dissociated and fragmented, appearing as a series of individual transverse bars or lines; head with dark, U-shaped figure partially enclosing dark median line; venter tan with pink on chest; throat yellow-tinged (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 531). 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941; Schwartz, 1976. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Chávez, G., Ross, G. S., & Ugarte-Núñez, J. A. 2021. New distributional records of the Samana least gecko (Sphaerodactylus samanensis, Cochran, 1932) with comments on its morphological variation and conservation status. PeerJ, 9, e10404
  • Cochran, D. M. 1932. Two new lizards from Hispaniola. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 45:183-187. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. 1976. A new species of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) from the República Dominicana. Florida Scientist 39: 65-70. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1993. A new banded Sphaerodactylus from eastern Hispaniola (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 49: 350-354 - get paper here
 
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