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Sphaerodactylus savagei SHREVE, 1968

IUCN Red List - Sphaerodactylus savagei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus savagei juanilloensis SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus savagei savagei SHREVE 1968 
Common NamesE: Altagracia Speckled Geckolet, Savage's Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus notatus savagei SHREVE 1968: 7
Sphaerodactylus difficilis — GRANT 1952: 187 (part.)
Sphaerodactylus savagei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 532
Sphaerodactylus savagei — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus savagei — RÖSLER 2000: 114
Sphaerodactylus savagei savagei — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Sphaerodactylus savagei juanilloensis SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus notatus juanilloensis SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus savagei juanilloensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991
Sphaerodactylus savagei juanilloensis — RÖSLER 2000: 114
Sphaerodactylus savagei juanilloensis — DE LISLE et al. 2013 
DistributionHispaniola: Dominican Republic (Province El Seibo, Prov. La Altagracia), Isla Soana

savagei: from La Romana to east side of Rio Chavôn. Type locality: La Romana, Altagracia, Dominican Republic

juanilloensis: extreme eastern Repéblica Dominicana; Isla Saona.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Material from Isla Catalinita and Sabana Grande de Palenque is not assigned to subspecies.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CAS-SUR 14695, formerly SU 14695
Holotype: MCZ 73901 [juanilloensis] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 33 mm, in females to 33 mm); dorsals large, acute, strongly keeled, flattened, imbricate, axilla to groin 20-31; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 25-38; dorsal caudal scales keeled, acute, imbricate, flat-lying, ventral caudal scales smooth, cycloid, only slightly enlarged midventrally; snout rather acute, not depressed or decurved; snout scales large, broad, flat, smooth, juxtaposed; 2 postnasals; 0-2 (mode 1) internasals; upper labials to mideye 3-4 (strongly modally 3); gular scales smooth; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 34-50; escutcheon small, patch-like, without extensions as far along thighs as knee, 3-6 x 5-17. Color and pattern sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) some shade of tan (yellowish to purplish) or gray, to brown with scattered dark brown to black scales giving a strong, random, "salt-and-pepper" effect, which, because of pale ground color, often gives a strongly contrasting appearance; head ground color yellow, usually overlaid by large, irregular, dark brown to black spots with cream "frosting" between them; a pair of white to buffy scapular ocelli interconnected by dark brown bar or dash; throat grayish, pale yellow, bright orange, immaculate to heavily spotted with dark brown, variation correlated with amount of dorsal head spotting; venter pink to dark gray; dorsum (females) like males but ground color greatly obscured by irregular, dark brown to black markings, at times coarsely "salt-and-pepper," at times quinquelineate, at times with dark pigment organized into about 5-6 transverse bands, with scattered buffy to cream scales between dark markings; head and scapular pattern extremely variable, but basically a pair of faint white to buffy ocelli in a clear area surrounded on all sides by large, rectangular, dark brown to black spot, the anterior (preocellar) portion of spot joining anteriorly with a dark postocular stripe; a vague, dark, postocular median stripe, variable in intensity and expression, often restricted to diffuse black occipital blotch; ventral color like males except at times pale yellow; throat concolor with venter, usually immaculate, at most with some grayish, diagonal, lateral streaking: iris golden yellow to yellow (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 533). 
CommentApparently most closely related to S. notatus difficilis. 
EtymologyNamed for Jay M. Savage, American herpetologist (born 1928). 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Donnelly, Maureen A. D 2013. Jay M. Savage. Copeia Dec 2013, Vol. 2013, No. 4: 757-767. - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Shreve, B. 1968. The notatus group of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) in Hispaniola. Breviora (280): 1-28 - get paper here
  • Thomas R. and S. B. Hedges 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Martin Garcia of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 44: 96-104. - get paper here
 
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