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Sphaerodactylus scaber BARBOUR & RAMSDEN, 1919

IUCN Red List - Sphaerodactylus scaber - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Double-collared Geckolet, Camaguey Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus scaber BARBOUR & RAMSDEN 1919:126
Sphaerodactylus scaber — BURT & MYERS 1942
Sphaerodactylus scaber — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 533
Sphaerodactylus scaber — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus scaber — RÖSLER 2000: 114
Sphaerodactylus scaber — CABALLERO & BARRETO 2021 
DistributionCuba (Villa Clara, Camaguey Province), Caguanes, Caiman Grande, Conuco, Guajaba

Type locality: Sierra de San Juan de bs Perros, Camagüey Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 12304. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 34 mm, in females to 32 mm); dorsals large, boss-like, axilla to groin 16-24; a median dorsal area of 1-2 rows of small granules; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 22-36; dorsal caudal scales smooth, cycloid, flat-lying, imbricate, ventral caudal scales cycloid, imbricate, enlarged midventrally; snout rather blunt, not depressed or decurved; snout scales large, broad, flat, smooth, juxtaposed; 2 postnasals; 1-2 (mode 1) internasals; upper labials to mideye 3-5 (mode 4); gular scales smooth; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 37-51; escutcheon 6-11 x 10-20. Sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) uniform pale yellow, pale olive, dark chestnut, with either dark "salt-and-pepper" markings or dark lunules; dorsum (females) gray, brown, grayish brown, or sepia, with 3 dark-edged crossbands between limbs, the edges usually very fragmented; a collar with or without 4 ocelli, collar preceded by a pale auricular crossband, bordered anteriorly by dark chestnut line, posteriorly by anterior border of first body crossband; head dark with longitudinal lines; head lines not confluent with anterior margin of pale postauricular crossband; juveniles similar to females; iris white to gray (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 533). 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Barbour, 1921; Schwartz and Garrido, 1981.
Belongs to the scaber group of Sphaerodactylus. 
  • Barbour, T. 1921. Sphaerodactylus. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. (Harvard) 47: 215-282. - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. & Myers, George S. 1942. Neotropical lizards in the collection of the Natural History Museum of Stanford University. Stanford University Press, 52 pp.
  • CABALLERO, DAYLON FUNDORA & ÁNGEL ARIAS BARRETO 2021. Nuevas adiciones a la herpetofauna del Refugio de Fauna Loma de Cunagua, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. Poeyana (512): 1–4. - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1944. New sphaerodactyls from Cuba and the Isle of Pines. Herpetologica 2: 118-125. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. and O.H. Garrido. 1993. A new species of gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from central Cuba. Journal of Herpetology 27 (3): 300-306. - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Garrido, O.H. 1981. Las salamanquitas cubanas del género Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) 1. El grupo copei. Pocyana (230):1-27.
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