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Sphaerodactylus semasiops THOMAS, 1975

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Cockpit Eyespotted Geckolet, Cockpit Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus semasiops THOMAS 1975:183
Sphaerodactylus semasiops — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 534
Sphaerodactylus semasiops — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus semasiops — RÖSLER 2000: 114
Sphaerodactylus semasiops — WILSON 2011 

Type locality: 3.8 mi. (6.1 km) N Burnt Hill, Trelawny Parish, Jamaica.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 132348. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 30 mm, in females to 32 mm); dorsals slightly swollen, cycloid or broadly angulate, keeled, weakly imbricate, axilla to groin 44-55; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; dorsal caudal scales angulate to cycloid, slightly swollen, flat-lying, and keeled; snout narrow and acuminate; scales of snout broad, flat, weakly keeled, subhexagonal, juxtaposed to weakly imbricate; ventrals cycloid, flat, keeled, imbricate, axilla to groin 33-39; dorsal caudal scales angulate to cycloid, slightly swollen, flat-lying, keeled, ventral caudal scales enlarged, smooth, imbricate; 2 postnasals; 0-2 (mode 1) inteinasals; supralabials to mideye 4-5; gular scales acute, keeled, juxtaposed to imbricate; pectoral scales rounded, flat, keeled, imbricate; scales around midbody 72-82; escutcheon 3-6 x 20-28. Not sexually dichromatic; dorsum brown; pattern . of 6 pale, grayish yellow, longitudinal head lines, the 4 dorsalmost fusing into 2 paravertebral stripes on occiput that extend posteriorly onto tail; paravertebral stripes are interrupted at midbody by 2 very large ocelli (about 1/3 of total flank area) on the flanks (1 ocellus/flank), each ocellus composed of a narrow, dark-edged, buff border forming longitudinal oval, enclosing irregular ring of ground color, in turn enclosing a large, black patch containing a vertically elliptical, centrally positioned, cream to white "pupil"; tail ground color brown proximally to orange distally; venter pale gray; throat faintly yellow; underside of tail orange; iris gray-brown (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 534). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1975; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985. May have been reported (erroneously) from Colombia. 
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1975. The argus group of West Indian Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 31: 177-195. - get paper here
  • Wilson, Byron S. 2011. Conservation of Jamaican amphibians and reptiles. In: Hailey et al., eds, Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 2: 273-310 - get paper here
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