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Sphaerodactylus torrei BARBOUR, 1914

IUCN Red List - Sphaerodactylus torrei - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus torrei spielmani GRANT 1958
Sphaerodactylus torrei torrei BARBOUR 1914 
Common NamesE: Cuban Broad-banded Geckolet, Barbour's Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus torrei BARBOUR 1914: 260
Sphaerodactylus torrei — BARBOUR & RAMSDEN 1919
Sphaerodactylus torrei — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus torrei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 541
Sphaerodactylus torrei — RÖSLER 2000: 114
Sphaerodactylus torrei torrei — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Sphaerodactylus torrei spielmani GRANT 1958
Sphaerodactylus spielmani GRANT 1958
Sphaerodactylus spielmani — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus torrie spielmani — TANNER 1970: 221
Sphaerodactylus torrei spielmani — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 541
Sphaerodactylus torrei spielmani — DE LISLE et al. 2013 

torrei: Cuba (Santiago de Cuba east to Playa Juraguá, inland to Dos Bocas); Type locality: Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba Province, Cuba.

spielmani: Cuba (Rio Hatibonico to Bahia de Guantánamo); Type locality: Guantánamo, Guantanamo Province, Cuba; emended to east side of Rio Hatibonico, about one-quarter mile inland, approximately 10 miles west of the western side of the mouth of the Bahia de Guantanamo, Guantanamo Province, Cuba by THOMAS 1968.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-6916 (not MCZ 1916 !)
Holotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 44015, paratype: BYU [spielmani] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 38 mm, in females to 39 mm); dorsals small, granular, swollen, erect (especially on sides where papillate), weakly imbricate, axilla to groin 39-61; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 25-39; dorsal caudal scales smooth, acute, flat-lying, imbricate, ventral caudal scales cycloid, imbricate, enlarged midventrally; snout acuminate, not depressed or decurved; snout scales large, granular, smooth, juxtaposed; 1 postnasal; 0-3 (mode 1) internasals; upper labials to mideye 4-5 (mode 5); gular scales smooth; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 53-83; escutcheon 5-14 x 8-24. Strongly sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) unicolor gray to tan; head and tail yellow to almost orange; venter tan; dorsum (females) tan to gray with 2 dark brown body bands, usually solid but tending to become somewhat paler centrally with increasing size; collar similar to body bands; ocelli absent in collar and body bands; head with pair of dark canthal lines (or totally dark lores) and median snout line, the latter joining or not with postocular line (which may be reduced or absent, by subspecies); dark head bands typically end abruptly on throat or continue completely across, not forming extensive marbling or fading out; a small but distinct dark mental spot; tail banded like body (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 541). 
CommentNot listed by LINER 1994. 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Carlos de la Torre y la Huerta (1858-1950), regarded as the foremost Cuban naturalist of his generation. He was closely associated with the Smithsonian, but he died some 10 years before Castro took power and Cuba became isolated from USA. 
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1914. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the West Indies, with Especial Reference to Amphibians and Reptiles. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (2): 205-359 - get paper here
  • Beate Röll 2006. Kugelfingergeckos, Sphaerodactylus elegans & S. torrei. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1934. Herpetological collections from the West Indies made by Dr. Paul Bartsch under The Walter Rathbone Bacon Scholarship, 1928-1930. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 92 (7): 1-48. - get paper here
  • Fong, A. & Diaz 2004. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the southeastern coast of Cuba. Solenodon 4: 73-84
  • Grant, C. 1958. A new gekkonid lizard (Sphaerodactylus) from Cuba. Herpetologica 14: 225-227 - get paper here
  • Grant, Chapman 1956. The Status of Sphaerodactylus gibbus. Herpetologica 12 (3): 247-248
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rosler, H. 2020. Comparative studies on the extracorporal development of soft- and hard-shelled gecko eggs (Squamata: Gekkota): 5. Sphaerodactylus torrei torrei Barbour, 1914 (Sphaerodactylidae). Sauria 42 (1): 21-27.
  • Schröder, E. & Röll, B. 2003. Sphaerodactylus torrei BARBOUR. Sauria (Suppl.) 25 (3): 581-584 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Tanner, W. W. 1970. A catalogue of the fish, amphibian, and reptile types in the Brigham Young University Museum of Natural History. Great Basin Naturalist 30 (4): 219-226 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1968. Notes on Antillean geckos (Sphaerodactylus). Herpetologica 24: 46-60 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R., and A. Schwartz. 1966. The Sphaerodactylus decoratus complex in the West Indies. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, 7:1-26 - get paper here
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