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Sphenomorphus anomalopus (BOULENGER, 1890)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Long-toed Forest Skink 
SynonymLygosoma anomalopus BOULENGER 1890: 84
Lygosoma anomalopus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 194
Lygosoma paradoxum WERNER 1896 (fide DE ROOIJ 1915)
Lygosoma (Hinulia) anomalopus — WERNER 1910: 44
Sphenomorphus anomalopus — DAS & YAAKOB 2007
Sphenomorphus anomalopus — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionWest Malaysia, Indonesia (Nias, Sumatra, Pinang)

Type locality: “Pinang” [= Pulau Pinang, Penang, Peninsular Malaysia]  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.2.49-50 (formerly, Pinang, Fischer collection.
Holotype: ZMB 12026 [Lygosoma paradoxum] 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short, obtuse; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening large, oval, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; two superposed anterior loreals; frontonasal more broad than long, broadly in contact with the flat rostral; praefrontals forming a suture; frontal as long as frontoparietals and parietals together, narrowed posteriorly, in contact with the three anterior supraoculars; five supraoculars, first and fourth largest; nine supraciliaries; frontoparietals and interparietal equal; parietals forming a suture; no nuchals; fifth and sixth or sixth and seventh upper labials below the eye. Body with 38 smooth scales round the middle, laterals smallest; the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and one third in that between axilla and groin; praeanals strongly enlarged. Limbs strong, the hind limb reaches the eye; digits moderate, toes very unequal in length, compressed; fourth toe half as long as the distance between axilla and groin, with 16-18 keeled lamellae below; first and fifth very short; the subarticular lamellae much enlarged (de Rooij 1915: 194).

Coloration: Brown above, with pale reddish-brown cross bands; a blackish lateral streak, beginning at the rostral and sometimes broken up into spots on the posterior part of the body by the light transverse bands and a series of white spots on the flanks, sometimes bordered towards the belly by an indistinct dark streak; labial sutures brownish. Lower parts white, sometimes a series of small black spots along each side of the belly (de Rooij 1915: 194).

Size: Length of head and body 70 mm.; tail reproduced (de Rooij 1915: 194). 
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1890. First report on additions to the lizard collection in the British Museum (Natural History). Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1890: 77—86 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691: 53-66 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1896. Zweiter Beitrag zur Herpetologie der indo-orientalischen Region. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 46: 6-24 - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1910. Über neue oder seltene Reptilien des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. ii. Eidechsen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., vol. 27 (1909), suppl. no. 2, 1910, pp. 1-46; reprinted: 1910, Mitteil. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg, vol. 27: 205-) - get paper here
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