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Sphenomorphus cinereus GREER & PARKER, 1974

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymSphenomorphus cinereus GREER & PARKER 1974 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Imigabip and Wangbin).

Type locality: Wangbin (4800 ft), northern part of western district of Papua New Guinea, -5.2518116° 141.2411924° (AGD66).  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-140027 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species is most similar to c1'07lSi from the Solomon Islands, derooyae, jeudi, and leptofasciatus (a new species described below) from New Guinea, and maindroni from New Britain in having both a relatively high number of longitudinal scale rows around midbody (34 or > ) and prefrontals that meet medially as the modal condition, but it differs most conspicuously from the crossbanded individuals of these species- in having faint thin black crossbands separated by equally thin grey interspaces instead of relatively conspicuoua thin light crossbands separated by wide dark interspaces. For other differences between einel'eus and its most similar relatives see the comparisons in Table 2 and the diagnosis of leptofasciatus (below). 
CommentAbundance: this is one of the species called “lost” and “rediscovered” by Lindken et al. 2024. 
EtymologyNamed after its color, Latin “cinis, cineris” = ash. 
  • Greer, A. E. & F. Parker 1974. The fasciatus group of Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae): notes on eight previously described species and description of three new species. Papua New Guin. Sci. Soc. Proc. [1973] 25: 31-61.
  • Greer, A.E. & Shea, G. 2004. A new character within the taxonomically difficult Sphenomorphus group of Lygosomine skinks, with a description of a new species from New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology 38 (1): 79-87 - get paper here
  • Lindken T.; Anderson, C. V., Ariano-Sánchez, D., Barki, G., Biggs, C., Bowles, P., Chaitanya, R., Cronin, D. T., Jähnig, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kennerley, R. J., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Luedtke, J. A., Liu, C., Long, B., Mallon, D., Martin, G. M., Meiri, 2024. What factors influence the rediscovery of lost tetrapod species? Global Change Biology, 30: 1-18 - get paper here
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