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Sphenomorphus consobrinus (PETERS & DORIA, 1878)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) consobrinum PETERS & DORIA 1878: 342
Lygosoma (Hinulia) consobrinum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 176
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) consobrinum consobrinum — TANNER 1950
Sphenomorphus consobrinus — BAUER et al. 1995: 64
Sphenomorphus consobrinus — SHEA 2017 
DistributionIndonesia (Bacan Island)

Type locality: “Isola di Batcian” (or Batjan) [Bacan Island]  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesSyntypes: MSNG 27875 (7 specimens) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A very small Sphenomorphus (maximum SVL 38 mm), with last two supralabials, primary and upper and lower secondary temporals undivided, postsupraocular absent, lamellae below fourth toe grooved, and second and third pair of chin shields separated from infralabials by an interposed row of oblique scales (Shea 2017).

Differential diagnosis: The absence of a postsupraocular scale excludes this species from the S. maindroni group. It differs from Glaphyromorphus Wells, Wellington, 1984 species, which it otherwise superfcially resembles, and most Sphenomorphus species outside New Guinea in having grooved subdigital lamellae. It further differs from almost all Sphenomorphus species in the Indonesian archipelago and New Guinea in having no fragmentation of the temporal and posterior supralabial scales. Only S. buettikoferi (Lidth de Jeude, 1905), S. capitolythos Shea & Michels, 2008 (replacement name for S. keiensis (Kopstein, 1926)) and S. rufus (Boulenger, 1887) among the Indonesian species agree with S. consobrinus in having a generally primitive temporal confguration consisting of a single primary temporal, single lower secondary temporal, single upper secondary temporal overlapping the lower, and last two supralabials undivided. Sphenomorphus consobrinus differs from all three of these species in having the second and third chin shields separated from the infralabials by a single row of oblique scales (Shea 2017). 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig and G. Doria. 1878. Catalogo dei retilli e dei batraci raccolti da O. Beccari, L. M. D'Alberts e A. A. Bruijn. nella sotto-regione Austro-Malese. Annali del Museo Civico de Storia Naturale di Genova. ser. 1, 13: 323-450 - get paper here
  • SHEA, Glenn M. 2017. A new species of Sphenomorphus (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Doberai Peninsula of New Guinea, with a redescription of Sphenomorphus consobrinus (Peters et Doria, 1878). Biodiversity, Biogeography and Nature Conservation in Wallacea and New Guinea 3: 35-48 - get paper here
  • Tanner, V.W. 1950. Pacific islands herpetology. No. III, Moroai Island. Great Basin Naturalist 10: 1-30 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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