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Sphenomorphus incognitus (THOMPSON, 1912)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesChinese: 股鳞蜓蜥 
SynonymLygosoma incognita THOMPSON 1912: 3
Sphenomorphus boulengeri VAN DENBURGH 1912: 232
Lygosoma boulengeri — SMITH 1935: 282
Sphenomorphus leveretti SCHMIDT 1925: 1
Sphenomorphus boulengeri — LIU YU 1970
Sphenomorphus incognitus — MEIRI 2008
Sphenomorphus incognitus — LINKEM et al. 2010
Sphenomorphus incognitus — WANG et al. 2022 
DistributionS China (incl. Hainan, westward to Hubei and Yunnan, Fujian), Taiwan (Lanyu Island), Vietnam (Bac Giang)

Type locality: Koshun, Formosa [= Taiwan]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CAS 18700, Koshun, Formosa, collected V. Kuhne [J.C. Thompson], 14.iii.1909. (same type specimen sometimes given for boulengeri) 
DiagnosisOriginal description: “Specific Characters. Allied to L. indica. Differs in stouter body, in longer snout and limbs, and in shorter tail. Frontonasal rounded behind, barely in contact with frontal; frontal shorter than the frontoparietal and parietals together; forty smooth scales round the middle of the body. When the limbs are pressed against the body the hind limb reaches to the axilla. From snout to vent 77 millim., tail 113 (tip regenerated).” (Thompson 1912) 
CommentThompson’s privately printed paper was apparently published a month earlier than Van Denburgh’s ( Zhao & Adler 1993). Ota & Lue (1994) use the name boulengeri as for a valid species. 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1917. A most regretable tangle of names. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (44): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Chen,S.H. & Lue,K.Y. 1987. A new species of skink, Sphenomorphus taiwanensis, from Taiwan (Sauria, Scincidae). Bull. Inst. Zool. (Acad. Sinica) 26: 115-121
  • Hecht, Vera L.; Cuong T. Pham, Tao T. Nguyen, Truong Q. Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski & Thomas Ziegler 2013. First report on the herpetofauna of Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, northeastern Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4 (4): 507–552
  • Karin, Benjamin R.; Selene Arellano, Laura Wang et al. 2022. MtGenome for the cost of a gene: Long-amplicon PacBio and Nanopore sequencing of hundreds of full mitochondrial genomes Research Square PREPRINT, 09 September 2022 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Liu-Yu, M.C. 1970. Studies on Taiwan lizards. Biol. Bull. Taiwan Normal Univ. 5: 51-93
  • Ma, Li; Pei, Jianchi; Zhou, Cuntong; Du, Yu; Ji, Xiang; et al. 2018. Sexual Dimorphism, Female Reproductive Characteristics and Egg Incubation in an Oviparous Forest Skink (Sphenomorphus incognitus) from South China. Asian Herpetological Research; Sichuan Vol. 9, Iss. 2, (2018): 119-128. DOI:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.180011 - get paper here
  • Meiri, S. 2008. Evolution and ecology of lizard body sizes. Global Ecology and Biogeography, DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2008.00414.x - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Andreas Schmitz, Tao Thien Nguyen, Nikolai L. Orlov, Wolfgang Böhme, and Thomas Ziegler 2011. Review of the Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger, 1843 (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae) in Vietnam, with Description of a New Species from Northern Vietnam and Southern China and the First Record of Sphenomorphus mimicus Taylor, 1962 from Vietnam. Journal of Herpetology 45 (2): 145-154.
  • NGUYEN, Truong Quang; Tung Thanh TRAN, Tao Thien NGUYEN, Wolfgang BÖHME, and Thomas ZIEGLER 2012. First Record of Sphenomorphus incognitus (Thompson, 1912) (Squamata: Scincidae) from Vietnam with Some Notes on Natural History. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 147–150 - get paper here
  • Ota,H. & Lue,K. Y. 1994. Karyotypes of two lygosomine skinks of the genus Sphenomorphus from Taiwan. Journal of Herpetology 28 (2): 253-255 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KARL P. 1925. New reptiles and a new salamander from China. American Museum Novitates (157): 1-5. - get paper here
  • Slevin, Joseph R.;Leviton, Alan E. 1956. Holotype specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. [type catalogue] Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 28 (14): 529-560 - get paper here
  • Thompson, J.C. 1912. Herpetological notices, No. 3. On reptiles new to the island arcs of Asia. Privately published, San Francisco, pp. 1-4
  • Thompson, J.C. 1912. Herpetological notices, No. 2. Prodrome of descriptions of new species of Reptilia and Batrachia from the Far East. Privately published, San Francisco.
  • Van Denburgh, J., 1912. Concerning certain species of reptiles and amphibians from China, Japan, the Loo Choo Islands, and Formosa. Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci. (Series 4) 3 (10): 187-258. - get paper here
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, C. G. M. Z. X., Jia, S. Y. K. T. L., & Hu, C. Z. J. 2022. An updated species checklist of amphibians and reptiles in Fujian Province, China. Biodiversity Science, 22090 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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