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Sphenomorphus kinabaluensis (BARTLETT, 1895)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma kinabaluensis BARTLETT 1895: 94
Lygosoma variegatum DE ROOIJ 1915
Otosaurus kinabaluense — SMITH 1937: 218
Sphenomorphus kinabaluensis — MANTHEY & DENZER 1982
Sphenomorphus kinabaluensis — INGER et al. 2001
Sphenomorphus kinabaluensis — LINKEM et al. 2010 
DistributionMalaysia (Borneo, Sabah)

Type locality: Mt. Kinabalu, Sabah (Borneo), Malaysia.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.15.8 
DiagnosisDescription: Supraoculars 5 (25 individuals) or 6 (14); scales smooth, 33-37 rows at mid-body; modal value 34; lamellae of fourth finger 10-14, modal value 12; lamellae of fourth toe 15-20, modal value 17; digits with three rows of dorsolaterals; ventral scales between vent and mental 73-91.

Color in life: olive to dark brown above, often with indistinct black squares in rows; a black stripe from rear of eye over axilla and along dorsolateral area, or side mostly black, stripe with yellow or greenish yellow spots; labial scales with narrow brown or black sutures; chin and throat cream with small black spots; chest and abdomen white or greenish yellow; underside of tail red or rose fading to blue.

In general form, this species resembles the lowland species S. cyanolaemus, which also has a black lateral band. But the trunk is more elongate in S. kinabaluensis (axilla-groin/ SVL 0.45-0.54, median 0.509, n=12) than S. cyanolaemus (0.41-0.51, median 0.453, n=11); the difference between the two arrays is statistically significant (P<0.02; Mann-Whitney test). Also S. kinabaluensis has fewer scale rows and lower average number of lamellae under the digits (Table 3). Sphenomorphus cyanolaemus lacks black spotting under the throat and chin.
(description from Inger et al. 2001: 187). 
CommentHabitat: terrestrial. Also known from montane environments (> 1000 m elevation). 
References
  • Bacon, J. P. 1967. Systematic status of three scincid lizards (genus Sphenomorphus) from Borneo. Fieldiana: Zoology 51: 63-76. - get paper here
  • Bartlett, E. 1895. The crocodiles and lizards of Borneo in the Sarawak Museum, with descriptions of supposed new species, and the variation of colours in the several species during life. Journal of the Straits Branch Royal Asiatic Society Singapore, 28: 73-96.
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Greer,A.E. & Parker,F. 1967. A new scincid lizard from the northern Solomon Islands. Breviora (275): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2006. Two new species of skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 151-162.
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691:53-66 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F.; Lian, R.F.; Lakim, M. & Yambun, P. 2001. New species of the lizard genus Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae), with notes on ecological and geographic distribution of species in Sabah, Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 49 (2): 181-189 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Malkmus,R. 1985. Amphibien und Reptilien vom Mount Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo. Herpetofauna 7 (35): 6-13 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 1982. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 2: Herpetologische Eindrücke. Herpetofauna 4 (21): 11-19 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
 
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