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Sphenomorphus leptofasciatus GREER & PARKER, 1974

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus leptofasciatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymSphenomorphus leptofasciatus GREER & PARKER 1974
Sphenomorphus leptofasciatus — AUSTIN 1998 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Central highlandsof from 4400-7000 ft elevation).

Type locality: Kundiawa (5200 ft), Chimbu District, Papua New Guinea.  
TypesTypes: MCZ 108573; BMNH 1946.8.16.92 ?; paratypes: MCZ, AMNH (list in GREER & PARKER 1974: 50) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Among the members of the fasciatus subgroup with both a high modal number of midbody scale rows (34 or > ) and prefrontals that meet medially, leptofasciatus is most similar to cinereus in having 1) the fifth supralabial below the centre of the eye more frequently than the sixth, 2) generally seven superciliaries, 3) generally subequally sized mid-dorsal scales, and 4) a viviparous mode of reproduction. S. leptofasciatus differs from cinereus, however, in 1) generally having fewer longitudinal scale rows at midbody (Table 2) and 2) being either uniformly dark above or having thin light crossbands separ- ated by wide dark interspaces instead of having light grey and dark crossbands of nearly equal width. 
Comment(communicated by J. Hallermann).

Similar species: S. jobiensis, S. rufus (currently a synonym of S. jobiensis, but likely a valid species fide Glenn Shea, pers. comm., 2 Oct 2014).

Abundance: Rare. This is one of the species called 'lost' and 'rediscovered' by Lindken et al. 2024. 
  • Austin, Christopher C. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of Lipinia (Scincidae) from New Guinea based on DNA sequence variation from the mitochondrial 12S rRNA and Nuclear C-MOS genes. Hamadryad 23 (2): 93-102. - get paper here
  • Greer, A. E. & F. Parker 1974. The fasciatus group of Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae): notes on eight previously described species and description of three new species. Papua New Guin. Sci. Soc. Proc. [1973] 25: 31-61.
  • Greer, A.E. & Shea, G. 2004. A new character within the taxonomically difficult Sphenomorphus group of Lygosomine skinks, with a description of a new species from New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology 38 (1): 79-87 - get paper here
  • Lindken T.; Anderson, C. V., Ariano-Sánchez, D., Barki, G., Biggs, C., Bowles, P., Chaitanya, R., Cronin, D. T., Jähnig, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kennerley, R. J., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Luedtke, J. A., Liu, C., Long, B., Mallon, D., Martin, G. M., Meiri, 2024. What factors influence the rediscovery of lost tetrapod species? Global Change Biology, 30: 1-18 - get paper here
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