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Sphenomorphus maindroni (SAUVAGE, 1879)

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus maindroni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesSphenomorphus maindroni maindroni (SAUVAGE 1878)
Sphenomorphus maindroni wolfi (STERNFELD 1918) 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) maindroni SAUVAGE 1879: 54
Lygosoma (Hinulia) maindroni — DE ROOIJ 1915: 178
Lygosoma (Hinulia) maindroni wolfi STERNFELD 1918: 395
Sphenomorphus maindroni wolfi — MERTENS 1924
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) maindroni — SMITH 1937: 219
Sphenomorphus maindroni — GREER 1982
Sphenomorphus maindroni — GREER & SHEA 2004
Sphenomorphus wolfi — SHEA 2009 (pers. comm). 
DistributionPapua New Guinea, Admirality Islands, New Britain

Type locality: “Nouvelle-Guinee”  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 5267 (2914b), near Haas, New Guinea, collected L. Laglaize.
Holotype: SMF 14454 (6239 1a in Mertens, 1922), Galnan, Admiralty Islands, New Guinea, collected E. Wolf, 1909 [wolfi] 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening oval, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; rostral with a pointed upper border; a single anterior loreal; frontonasal more broad than long, in contact with the rostral; praefrontals forming a suture; frontal as long as frontoparietals and interparietal together, pointed behind, in contact with the two anterior supraoculars; four supraoculars; ten supraciliaries, first largest; frontoparietals and interparietal equal; parietals in contact; five pair of nuchals; sixth upper labial below the eye. Body slender, the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and one third in that between axilla and groin; 30 smooth scales round the middle, the two vertebral series enlarged, laterals smallest; praeanals enlarged. Tail one time and a fourth to one time and three fifths the length of head and body. Limbs strong, the hind limb reaches the elbow; digits slender, compressed, fourth toe with 28 smooth divided lamellae below (de Rooij 1915: 178)

Coloration: Dark brown above, with wavy transverse lines of yellowish spots on the back and tail; sometimes a dorso-lateral series of blackish spots; lips with dark bars. Lower parts yellowish; throat with irregular or longitudinal dark brown lines (de Rooij 1915: 178)

Size: Length of head and body 60 mm; tail 75 mm (de Rooij 1915: 178) 
CommentSynonymy: Lygosoma (Hinulia) maindroni wolfi STERNFELD 1918 and Lygosoma (Otosaurus) wolfi STERNFELD 1918 (previously considered as a synonym of Sphenomorphus concinnatus) are different taxa.

wolfi: Solomon Islands (Bougainville); Terra typica: “Galnan, Admiralitäts-Inseln”. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Baker, Nick 2017. Sphenomorphus sp. ('S. maindroni') from Gobe, Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. SEAVR 2017: 46-47 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Second contribution to the herpetology of the Solomon islands. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1887: 333-340 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E.; Burt, May Danheim 1932. Herpetological results of the Whitney South Sea Expedition. VI. Pacific island amphibians and reptiles in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 63 (5): 461-597 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer A E 1982. A new species of Geomyersia (Scincidae) from the Admirality Islands, with a summary of the genus. Journal of Herpetology 16 (1): 61-66 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. & Shea, G. 2004. A new character within the taxonomically difficult Sphenomorphus group of Lygosomine skinks, with a description of a new species from New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology 38 (1): 79-87 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. & PARKER,F. 1967. A second skink with fragmented head scales from Bougainville, Solomon Islands. Breviora (279): 1-12 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. & Parker,F. 1967. A new scincid lizard from the northern Solomon Islands. Breviora (275): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Hediger, H. 1934. Beitrag zur Herpetologie und Zoogeographie Neu-Britanniens und einiger umliegender Gebiete. Zool. Jahrb. (Syst.) 65: 441-582
  • Mertens, Robert 1924. Herpetologische Mitteilungen. III. Zur Nomenklatur einiger Scinciden. Senckenbergiana 6: 180-181
  • Sauvage, H. E. 1879. Notice sur quelques reptiles nouveaux ou peu connus de la Nouvelle-Guinee. [Elania annulata]. Bull. Soc. philom. Paris (7) 3: 47-61 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KP 1932. Reptiles and Amphibians from the Solomon Islands. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. - 18 (9): 175-190 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 [missing from BHL in 2023]
  • Tanner, V.M. 1951. Pacific islands herpetology, No. V. Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands: A checklist of species. Great Basin Naturalist 11: 53-86 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, R.; Whitaker,Z. & Mills,D. 1982. Reptiles of Papua New Guinea. Wildlife in New Guinea (82/2): 1-53
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