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Sphenomorphus malayanus (DORIA, 1888)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Malayan forest Skink
G: Malaiischer Waldskink 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) malayanum DORIA 1888: 651
Lygosoma (Hinulia) malayanum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 176
Sphenomorphus malayanum — MITTLEMAN 1952
Sphenomorphus malayanus — BOBROV 1995
Sphenomorphus malayanus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 28
Sphenomorphus malayanum — GRISMER 2006
Sphenomorphus malayanus — GRISMER & QUAH 2015 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra), W Malaysia (Malacca), Vietnam

Type locality: Sumatra: Mt. Singalang, Alahan Panjang 1500 m  
Reproduction 
TypesLectotype: MSNG 27869, Mt Singalang, W Sumatra, collected O. Beccari, 1878. Designated by Capocaccia (1961). Also given as type in the BMNH online catalogue, as BMNH 1946.8.3.11. 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout obtuse; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening large, roundish, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; a single anterior loreal; frontonasal more broad than long, in contact with the rostral; praefrontals large, broadly in contact; frontal a little shorter than frontoparietals and parietal together, in contact with the two anterior supraoculars; four supraoculars; seven supraciliaries; fronto-parietals and interparietal subequal; parietals in contact; no nuchals; fifth and sixth upper labials below the eye. Body slender; the distance between the end of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and three fifths in that between axilla and groin; 32 smooth scales round the middle, subequal; praeanals slightly enlarged. Tail thick, much longer than head and body. Limbs short, not meeting, when adpressed; digits short, fourth toe with 13 15 smooth lamellae below (de Rooij 1917: 175).

Coloration: Pale brown above with small black spots in longitudinal series or dark brown with yellowish reticulations; a dark lateral band, edged with light, beginning at the eye; flanks brown-spotted. Lower parts whitish (de Rooij 1917: 176).

Size: Length of head and body 65 mm.; tail 85 mm (de Rooij 1917: 176). 
CommentDistribution: not listed for Vietnam by SANG et al. 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Bobrov, V. V. 1995. Checklist and bibliography of lizards of Vietnam. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (105): - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Doria, G. 1888. Note Erpetologiche - Alcuni nuovi Sauri raccolti in Sumatra dal Dr. O. Beccari. Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Genova 2 (ser. 6): 646-652 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2006. Two new species of skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 151-162.
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691: 53-66 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the Lizards of the Subfamily Lygosominae. Smithson. misc. Collns, 117: 1-35. - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
 
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