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Sphenomorphus modiglianii (BOULENGER, 1894)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma modigliani BOULENGER 1894: 614
Lygosoma (Hinulia) modigliani — DE ROOIJ 1915: 175
Sphenomorphus modigliani — MITTLEMAN 1952
Sphenomorphus modigliani — MALKMUS et al. 2002: 283 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra: Mentawi Island, Borneo)

Type locality: Sumatra: Mentawi Island: Sipora  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.16.98 (formerly, Sereinu, Mentowei Islands, collected Dr. E Modigliani. 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short, obtuse; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening oval, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; rostral very low, thrice as broad as deep; frontonasal much more broad than long, forming a broad straight suture with the rostral; praefrontals in contact; frontal as long as frontoparietals and interparietal together, in contact with the two anterior supraoculars; four supraoculars; five supraciliaries; frontoparietals and interparietal equal; parietals in contact; no nuchals; fourth and fifth labials below the eye. Body with 32 scales round the middle, dorsals as large as ventrals, laterals smaller; the distance between the tip ofthe snout and the fore limb is contained one time and two fifths to one time and a half in the distance between axilla and groin; praeanals enlarged. Limbs meeting or slightly overlapping, when adpressed; digits moderate, fourth toe with 15 smooth lamellae below (de Rooij 1917: 175).

Coloration: Brown above, sides darker, light-spotted; lips with dark vertical bars. Lower parts whitish (de Rooij 1917: 175).

Size: Length of head and body 41 mm.; tail (tip broken) 41 mm (de Rooij 1917: 175). 
CommentType: not in BMNH (P. Campbell, pers. comm., 7 July 2014).

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1894. A list of reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. E. Modigliani on Sereinu (Sipora), Mentawei Islands. Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Genova: 613-618. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2006. Two new species of skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 151-162.
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691: 53-66 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the Lizards of the Subfamily Lygosominae. Smithson. misc. Collns, 117: 1-35. - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
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