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Sphenomorphus oligolepis (BOULENGER, 1914)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma oligolepis BOULENGER 1914: 261
Lygosoma oligolepis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 218
Lygosoma (Ictiscincus) oligolepis — SMITH 1937: 222
Sphenomorphus oligolepis — MITTLEMAN 1952
Sphenomorphus oligolepis — GREER & SHEA 2004 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Mimika River, Lorentz River), Indonesia (Seram, Irian Jaya)

Type locality: “Mimika River”  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.3.47-48 (formerly 1913.10.31.175-176), collected by British Ornithological Union Expedition. 
DiagnosisDescription: Head small, flat; snout obtusely pointed; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening oval, slightly smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; frontonasal more broad than long, in contact with the rostral and with the frontal; praefrontals small, separated; frontal broader than the supraocular region, more long than broad, smaller than the frontoparietals and inter-parietal together, in contact with the first supraciliary and the two anterior supraoculars; four supraoculars; seven supra-ciliaries; frontoparietals and interparietal subequal; parietals in contact; three to five pair of broad nuchals; fifth upper labial below the eye. Body long; the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained twice in that between axilla and groin; 24 smooth scales round the middle, the two vertebral series enlarged; praeanals enlarged. Tail thick, one time and a half the length of head and body. Limbs short, widely separated when adpressed; digits short, compressed; fourth toe with 12 or 13 lamellae below (de Rooij 1915: 218).

Coloration: Dark brown above, dotted with yellowish-brown; frontal and part of the frontoparietals yellowish; lips dark brown. Lower parts yellowish, throat, sides and tail spotted with dark brown (de Rooij 1915: 218).

Size: Length of head and body 55 mm.; tail (reproduced) 60 mm (de Rooij 1915: 218). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1914. An annotated list of the batrachians and reptiles collected by the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition and the Wollaston Expedition in Dutch New Guinea. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 20 (5): 247-275 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1973. Two new lygosomine skinks from New Guinea with comments on the loss of the external ear in lygosomines and observations on previously described species. Breviora (406): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. & Shea, G. 2004. A new character within the taxonomically difficult Sphenomorphus group of Lygosomine skinks, with a description of a new species from New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology 38 (1): 79-87 - get paper here
  • Mecke, Sven; Max kieckbusch, Mark O’Shea and Hinrich Kaiser 2016. First Record of the Poorly Known Skink Sphenomorphus oligolepis (Boulenger, 1914) (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from Seram Island, Maluku Province, Indonesia. Asian Herpetological Research 2016, 7(1): 64–68 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Whitaker, R.; Whitaker,Z. & Mills,D. 1982. Reptiles of Papua New Guinea. Wildlife in New Guinea (82/2): 1-53
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