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Sphenomorphus shelfordi (BOULENGER, 1900)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma shelfordi BOULENGER 1900: 182
Lygosoma shelfordi — SHELFORD 1901: 54
Lygosoma (Hinulia) shelfordi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 179
Sphenomorphus shelfordi — MITTLEMAN 1952
Sphenomorphus shelfordi — INGER 2001 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo), Peninsular Malaysia (and Sarawak)

Type locality: Borneo; Mt. Penrisen , 3000 ft  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.3.28 (formerly 1909.8.18.1), Mt Penrisen, 3000', Borneo, collected Shelford & Loxcoll 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short, obtusely pointed; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening oval, a little smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; frontonasal as long as broad, in contact with the rostral; praefrontals meeting; frontal narrow, as long as frontoparietals and interparietal together, in contact with the two anterior supraoculars; four supraoculars, first longest; seven supraciliaries; frontoparietals and interparietal subequal; parietals forming a suture; a single pair of nuchals; fifth upper labial below the eye. Body with 34 smooth scales round the middle, dorsals a little larger than laterals and ventrals; the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and two fifths in that between axilla and groin; praeanals enlarged. Tail as long as head and body. Limbs strong, slightly overlapping when adpressed; digits moderate, compressed, fourth toe with 29 smooth lamellae below (de Rooij 1915: 178)

Coloration: Olive-brown above, irregularly spotted with black; a black lateral stripe from the end of the snout to the groin, passing through the eye and above the tympanum, broken up into spots on the side of the body. Lower parts olive-grey (de Rooij 1915: 179)

Size: Length of head and body 67 mm.; tail 68 mm (de Rooij 1915: 179) 
CommentHabitat: terrestrial.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Robert WaIter Campbell Shelford (1872-1912), a Singapore-born English-educated naturalist and Curator of the Sarawak Museum (1897-1905). He became an Assistant Curator at the Oxford University Museum. 
  • Bacon, J. P. 1967. Systematic status of three scincid lizards (genus Sphenomorphus) from Borneo. Fieldiana: Zoology 51: 63-76. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1900. Description of new reptiles and batrachians from Bomeo. Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 182-187. - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2006. Two new species of skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 151-162.
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691: 53-66 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F.; Lian, R.F.; Lakim, M. & Yambun, P. 2001. New species of the lizard genus Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae), with notes on ecological and geographic distribution of species in Sabah, Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 49 (2): 181-189 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the Lizards of the Subfamily Lygosominae. Smithson. misc. Collns, 117: 1-35. - get paper here
  • Shelford, R. 1901. A list of the reptiles of Borneo. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (35-36): 43- - get paper here
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