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Sphenomorphus transversus GREER & PARKER, 1971

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus transversus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymSphenomorphus transversus GREER & PARKER 1971
Sphenomorphus transversus — MCCOY 2000 
DistributionSolomon Islands

Type locality: 5 mi east of Kunua, Bougainville Island, 2000 ft elevation  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 76485 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Similar in squamation to those skinks of the genus Sphenomorphus (Table 1 in GREER & PARKER 1971) that have a single anterior loreal, the frontal in contact with 3 or more of the 5 or more supraoculars, frontoparietals and interparietal distinct, no nuchals or trans- versely enlarged scales in the two vertebral rows (Figs. 2 and 3), and the digits and limbs well developed and overlapping when adpressed to the body, but differing from other skinks with this diagnosis in having the following combination of characters: pre- frontals separated medially, 36 rows of smooth scales around mid- body, 28-29 smooth subdigital lamellae on the 4th toe, and a color pattern of brown transverse bands on a light olive-green ground color (Figs. 4 and 5 in GREER & PARKER 1971) a color pattern most similar to those of the distantly related Sphenomorphus flavipes, Scincella prehensicaiida, and Leiolopisma semoni of New Guinea. 
CommentKnown from only a single specimen.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). This is one of the species called 'lost' and 'rediscovered' by Lindken et al. 2024. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. and F. Parker. 1971. A new scincid lizard from Bougainville, Solomon Islands. Breviora (364): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Lindken T.; Anderson, C. V., Ariano-Sánchez, D., Barki, G., Biggs, C., Bowles, P., Chaitanya, R., Cronin, D. T., Jähnig, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kennerley, R. J., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Luedtke, J. A., Liu, C., Long, B., Mallon, D., Martin, G. M., Meiri, 2024. What factors influence the rediscovery of lost tetrapod species? Global Change Biology, 30: 1-18 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2000. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. ZooGraphics, Kuranda (Australia), CD-ROM.
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
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