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Stegonotus aruensis (DORIA, 1875)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Aru Islands groundsnake 
SynonymLycodon aruensis DORIA 1875: 352
Stegonotus aruensis — KAISER et al. 2018: 31 
DistributionIndonesia (Aru islands)

Type locality: “Wokan (Isole Aru)” [Wokam, Tanahbesar Island, Maluku Province, Indonesia]  
TypesHolotype. MSNG 30186, most likely an adult male, collected by Odoardo Beccari between 8 February and 6 July 1872. 
DiagnosisComparison: For a comprehensive comparison of species, especially to the new species Stegonotus ayamaru, see that entry and Kaiser et al. 2019. 
CommentSynonymy: Listed as a synonym of S. modestus by Wallach et al. 2014, but Kaiser et al. 2018 removed Lycodon aruensis from the synonymy of S. modestus. 
EtymologyThe species was named for the Aru Islands, Maluku Province, Indonesia, where the holotype was collected. 
  • Doria, G. 1875. Enumerazione dei rettili raccolti dal Dott. O. Beccari in Amboina alle Isole Aru ed alle Isole Kei durante gli anni 1872-73. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova 6: 325-357 [1874] - get paper here
  • Kaiser, Christine M.; Hinrich Kaiser & Mark O'Shea 2018. The taxonomic history of Indo-Papuan groundsnakes, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Colubridae), with some taxonomic revisions and the designation of a neotype for S. parvus (Meyer, 1874). Zootaxa 4512 (1): 001–073 - get paper here
  • KAISER, CHRISTINE M.; MARK O’SHEA, HINRICH KAISER 2019. A new species of Indo-Papuan groundsnake, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Serpentes, Colubridae), from the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia, with comments on differentiating morphological characters. Zootaxa 4590 (2): 201-230 - get paper here
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