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Stegonotus lividus (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Semau Island groundsnake 
SynonymLycodon lividum DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 381
Stegonotus lividus — KAISER et al. 2018: 14 
DistributionIndonesia (Semau Island)

Type locality: “l’île de Pulo-Samao” [Semau Island, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia].  
TypesLectotype: RMNH RENA 325A, adult female. Paralectotypes: RMNH RENA 325B, adult female. Collected by Salomon Müller and Pieter van Oort in mid-1829; MNHN 3414 
DiagnosisComparison: For a comprehensive comparison of species, especially to the new species Stegonotus ayamaru, see that entry and Kaiser et al. 2019.

See also description in Kaiser et al. 2021: 500. 
CommentSynonymy: Listed as a synonym of S. modestus by Wallach et al. 2014 and previous authors.

Behavior: nocturnal 
EtymologyThe Latin term lividus, meaning “bluish metal-colored” or “lead-colored,” was likely selected to reflect the original coloration of the syntypes. The species description was presented in French. 
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, Christine M.; Hinrich Kaiser & Mark O'Shea 2018. The taxonomic history of Indo-Papuan groundsnakes, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Colubridae), with some taxonomic revisions and the designation of a neotype for S. parvus (Meyer, 1874). Zootaxa 4512 (1): 001–073 - get paper here
  • KAISER, CHRISTINE M.; MARK O’SHEA, HINRICH KAISER 2019. A new species of Indo-Papuan groundsnake, genus Stegonotus Duméril et al., 1854 (Serpentes, Colubridae), from the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia, with comments on differentiating morphological characters. Zootaxa 4590 (2): 201-230 - get paper here
  • KAISER, H. ., MECKE, S. ., KAISER, C. M. ., & O’SHEA, M. . 2021. Three’s Company: discovery of a third syntype of Stegonotus lividus, a species of colubrid snake from Pulau Semau, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia, with comments on an unpublished 19th Century manuscript by the naturalist Salomon Müller. Zootaxa, 5039(1), 56–70 - get paper here
  • KAISER, H., KAISER, C. M., MECKE, S., & O’SHEA, M. A. R. K. 2021. A new species of Stegonotus (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the remnant coastal forests of southern Timor-Leste. Zootaxa, 5027(4): 489-514 - get paper here
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