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Sumatranus albomaculata (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sumatran Mud Snake, White-spotted Water Snake 
SynonymHomalopsis albo-maculatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 974
Homalopsis albomaculatus — BLEEKER 1858
Hypsirhina albomaculata — JAN 1863
Enhydris albomaculata — STEJNEGER 1907
Enhydris albomaculata — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 349
Enhydris albomaculata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 270
Sumatranus albomaculata — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 37
Sumatranus albomaculatus — FABRE et al. 2016 
DistributionIndonesia (Nias, Sumatra, Simeulue)

Type locality: "les environs de Padani, île de Sumatra." [=Padang, west Sumatera].  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 0934, a 370 mm male (Kunhardt, 1847) 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (genus): Smooth scales in 27 (or possibly 25) rows; nasals in contact; last two or three upper labials horizontally divided; large internasal makes narrow contact with elongated loreal; five of six lower labials contact anterior chin shields (MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 35). 
CommentType species: Homalopsis albo-maculatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 974 is the type species of the genus Sumatranus MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 37

Distribution: not on Java (Indonesia) fide de Lang 2017. Erroneously reported from Java by Gyi 1970 and subsequent authors who copied him. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin alba = white, and macula = spot.

The genus name is derived from the geographic distribution of the snake. Genus is feminine. 
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Fabre, Anne-Claire; David Bickford, Marion Segall and Anthony Herrel 2016. The impact of diet, habitat use, and behaviour on head shape evolution in homalopsid snakes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12753 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. Homalopsid Snakes: Evolution in the Mud. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 249 pp.
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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