Synophis bogerti TORRES-CARVAJAL, ECHEVARRÍA, VENEGAS, CHÁVEZ & CAMPER, 2015
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Synophis bogerti?
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae (Dipsadinae), Diaphorolepidini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Bogert's Shadow Snake|
Spanish: Culebras Andinas de la Sombra de Bogert
|Synonym||Synophis bogerti TORRES-CARVAJAL, ECHEVARRÍA, VENEGAS, CHÁVEZ & CAMPER 2015|
Synophis bicolor — BOGERT 1964: 515 (part)
|Distribution||Ecuador (Napo), elevation 1000–1750 m|
Type locality: Ecuador, Provincia Napo, Wildsumaco Wildlife Sanctuary, sendero Coatí (0°38'8.40"S, 77°31'19.20"W, 1000 m
|Types||Holotype: QCAZ 12791 (Figs 1, 2), adult male, collected on 18 July 2014 by J. D. Camper. Paratypes. Ecuador: Provincia Morona Santiago: QCAZ 13323 adult male from Laguna Cormorán, Sardinayacu, Parque Nacional Sangay (2°4'17.51"S, 78°12'57.24"W, 1747 m), collected on 16 January 2015 by J. Pinto, D. Velalcázar and D. Nuñez. Provincia Napo: QCAZ 3511, adult female from Cordillera de los Guacamayos (0°37'40.16"S, 77°50'0.98"W, 1200 m), collected on 1 August 1995 by S. Burneo and M. Díaz; QCAZ 5072 adult male from Wildsumaco Wildlife Sanctuary (0°41'9.26"S, 77°35'54.93"W, 1250 m), collected on 26 July 2012 by J. D. Camper; QCAZ 11070 adult female from Reserva Ecológica Antisana, sector Cocodrilos, Coc- odrilos-Tena road (0°39'42.50"S, 77°47'29.20"W, 1656 m), collected on 24 Novem- ber 2010 by F. Velásquez-Alomoto. Provincia Pastaza: QCAZ 13585, adult male from Comunidad Zarentza, Parque Nacional Llanganates (1°21'45.47"S, 78°3'29.52"W, 1350 m), collected on 18 February 2015 by D. Rivadeneira, F. Mora, J. C. Sánchez, D. Velalcazar, D. Nuñez and J. Pinto; QCAZ 13586, adult female from Comunidad Zarentza, Parque Nacional Llanganates (1°21'45.25"S, 78°3'28.22"W, 1391 m), col- lected on 27 February 2015 by D. Rivadeneira, F. Mora, J. C. Sánchez, D. Velalcázar, D. Nuñez and J. Pinto.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. Synophis bogerti can be distinguished from other species of Synophis by having a semicapitate, bilobed hemipenis with a large lateral spine at the base of the hemipenial body (Fig. 3); 19 longitudinal rows of dorsals at midbody; strongly keeled dorsals except for first row, which is weakly keeled (at least posteriorly); and 154–163 ventrals in males, 161–168 in females. Scutellational characters of all recognized species of Synophis are presented in Table 3.|
|Comment||Similar species: S. bicolor; the specimen (UMMZ 91550) illustrated by Bogert (1964) as S. bicolor is actually S. bogerti, as defined by TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2015. Specimens of “S. bicolor” from eastern Ecuador examined by Bogert (1964) correspond to S. bogerti.|
|Etymology||The specific epithet bogerti is a noun in the genitive case and is a patronym for Charles M. Bogert (1908–1992), an American herpetologist and former curator of the American Museum of Natural History. Among his many contributions, Bogert published a systematic revision of Diaphorolepis and Synophis, in which he recognized that “It is also possible, of course, that specimens tentatively referred to S. bicolor are not actually conspecific” (Bogert 1964: 517).|
Some dictionaries called this species “Bogert’s fishing snakes” but there is no evidence this species eats fish (Pyron e al. 2016).