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Taeniophallus brevirostris (PETERS, 1863)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Short-Nosed Groundsnake
Portuguese: Cobra-Corredeira, Cobra-de-Capim, Corre-Campo, Jararaquinha 
SynonymDromicus brevirostris PETERS 1863: 280
Coluber undulatus WIED 1824: 667
Coronella decorata GÜNTHER 1859
E. [nicognathus] taeniolatus JAN 1863: 272
Dromicus viperinus GÜNTHER 1868: 418
Rhadinaea taeniolata — COPE 1869
Coronella taeniolata — BOETTGER 1888
Rhadinaea undulata BOULENGER 1894
Liophis undulatus AMARAL 1929: 174
Rhadinaea brevirostris — SHREVE 1934
Liophis brevirostris — PARKER 1935
Rhadinaea brevirostris — DUNN 1944: 493
Urotheca brevirostris HOGE & BELLUOMINI 1960
Liophis undulatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 180
Rhadinaea brevirostris — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 264
Rhadinaea brevirostris — DUELLMAN 1978: 255
Rhadinaea brevirostris — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Taeniophallus brevirostris — MYERS & CADLE 1994
Rhadinaea brevirostris — BAUER et al. 1995: 71
Echinanthera brevirostris — DI BERNARDO 1996
Rhadinaea brevirostris — STARACE 1998: 245
Taeniophallus brevirostris — KORNACKER 1999
Echinanthera brevirostris — CLAESSEN 2003
Taeniophallus brevirostris — SCHARGEL et al. 2005
Echinanthera brevirostris — FROTA et al. 2005
Taeniophallus brevirostris — AVILA-PIRES et al. 2007
Taeniophallus brevirostris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 696
Taeniophallus brevirostris — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Acre [HR 30: 55], Pará), Suriname, French Guiana
S Colombia, Bolivia; N Peru,
Along the eastern foot of the Andes, eastwards through the Amazon basin.

Type locality: “Angeblich aus Quito” [Ecuador]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 3869 
Diagnosis 
Commentbelongs to the “Rhadinaea brevirostris group” sensu Myers (1974)

Distribution: reports from Venezuela (Zulia) are in error and based on misidentification of Liophis melanotus lamari (RIVAS 2001). Not confirmed for Guyana (Cole et al. 2013: 534). See map in Nogueira et al. 2019.

Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970 (who listed Liophis undulatus as valid species) and DI BERNARDO 1992. This species was placed by Boulenger in the synonymy of Coluber undulatus Wied, but was removed from it again by Shreve. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “brevis, -e” = short and “rostrum” = beak, proboscis, trunk. 
References
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