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Tantilla capistrata COPE, 1875

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Capistrata Centipede Snake 
SynonymTantilla capistrata COPE 1876: 181
Homalocranium melanocephalum — BOULENGER 1896
Tantilla melanocephala — DUNN 1923
Tantilla melanocephala capistrata — SCHMIDT & WALKER 1943
Tantilla melanocephala capistrata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 295
Tantilla capistrata — WILSON & MENA 1980
Tantilla capistrata — SAWAYA & SAZIMA 2003
Tantilla capistrata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 700 
DistributionNW Peru (coastal areas from near sea level to approx. 1830 m elevation; valleys of the upper Rio Maranon, Rio Chinchipe, Rio Chamaya), S Ecuador

elevations 0–1,830 m

Type locality: Valley of Jequetepeque, La Libertad, Peru.  
TypesHolotype: ANSP 11581 
DiagnosisDescription (n=5): “Tantilla melanocephala capistrata is a small terrestrial snake, brownish above with a black head and nape crossed by yellow bands on the snout and back of the head and with a yellow spot behind the eye. It is distinguished by contact of the prefrontal and second supralabial from the Amazonian race or races of melanocephala. [...]
The Chiclin series includes three males with ventrals respectively, 132, 133, and 133, and caudals 56, 30+, and 53; the single female has ventrals 143 and caudals 46. The Perico specimen, a female, has ventrals 155 and the tail incomplete. Parker's female specimen from the Catamayo Valley has ventrals 158,caudals 49. Thus the more northern specimens have a considerably higher number of ventrals; we assume that this gap may be filled by specimens from Piura. The Chiclin specimens agree in coloration with the type, which has ventrals 139 and caudals 71, and differs from our specimens in having only a single postocular.

Five specimens examined: four from Chiclin, Libertad, presented by Sr. Constante Larco Hoyle, F.M.N.H. Nos. 33744 and 34285- 34287; and one collected by G. K. Noble at Perico, Cajamarca, in 1916, M.C.Z. No. 17391 (SCHMIDT & WALKER 1943: 319). 
  • Aguilar, César; Mikael Lundberg, Karen Siu-Ting y María Elena Jiménez 2007. Nuevos registros para la herpetofauna del departamento de Lima, descripción del renacuajo de Telmatobius rimac Schmidt, 1954 (Anura: Ceratophrydae) y una clave de los anfibios. Rev. peru. biol. 14(2): 209-216 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. Report on the Reptiles brought by Professor James Orton from the middle and upper Amazon and western Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 159-183 [sometimes thought to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification] - get paper here
  • Koch, C. and Venegas, P. 2016. A large and unusually colored new snake species of the genus Tantilla (Squamata; Colubridae) from the. PeerJ 4:e2767; DOI 10.7717/peerj.2767 - get paper here
  • KOCH, CLAUDIA; PABLO J. VENEGAS, ROY SANTA CRUZ, WOLFGANG BÖHME 2018. Annotated checklist and key to the species of amphibians and reptiles inhabiting the northern Peruvian dry forest along the Andean valley of the Marañón River and its tributaries. Zootaxa 4385 (1): 001–101 - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales de 1978. Ocorrência de Tantilla melanocephala (L. 1758) no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, e o "stauts" de Tantilla capistrata Cope, 1876 (Ophidia: Colubridae). and "Novas espécies de opistoglifontes do género Apostolepis Cope 1861 do Paraguai (Ophidia: Colubridae Comunicações do Museu de Ciências da PUCRGS (18/19): 1-49
  • Sawaya, R.J. & Sazima, I. 2003. A new species of Tantilla (Serpentes: Colubridae) from southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 59 (1): 119-126 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. & WALKER Jr. ,W.F. 1943. Snakes of the Peruvian coastal region. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. nat. Hist., Chicago, 24: 297-327 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson L D 1990. Tantilla capistrata Cope. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 475: 1 - get paper here
  • Wilson L D; Mena C E 1980. Systematics of the melanocephala group of the colubrid snake genus Tantilla. SAN DIEGO SOCIETY OF NATURAL HISTORY MEMOIRS 11: 5-58
  • Wilson, L.D. 1999. Checklist and key to the species of the genus Tantilla (Serpentes: Colubridae), with some commentary on distribution. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (122): 1-34 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Larry David and Vicente Mata-Silva 2015. A checklist and key to the snakes of the Tantilla clade (Squamata: Colubridae), with comments on distribution and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 418 - get paper here
  • Wilson,L.D. 1987. A Résumé of the Colubrid Snakes of the Genus Tantilla of South America. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. (68): 1-35
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