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Tantillita canula (COPE, 1875)

IUCN Red List - Tantillita canula - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Yucatecan Dwarf Short-tail Snake
S: Culebrita Enana Yucateca 
SynonymTantilla vermiformis — COPE 1866 (in error)
Tantilla canula COPE 1876: 144
Homalocranium breve GÜNTHER 1895
Homalocranium canulum — GÜNTHER 1895
Homalocranium canula — BOULENGER 1896
Tantilla brevis — AMARAL 1929
Tantilla canula canula — NEILL & ALLEN 1961
Tantilla brevis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 294
Tantillita canula — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 294
Tantillita canula — SMITH et al. 1993
Tantillita canula — LINER 1994
Tantillita canula — LINER 2007
Tantillita canula — WALLACH et al. 2014: 708 
DistributionMexico (Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo),
Guatemala (El Petén), Belize, NE El Salvador

Type locality: Yucatan  
TypesHolotype: USNM 6600, syntypes: USNM 24881, 24882 
CommentTantilla brevicauda MERTENS 1952 has been removed from synonymy with Tantillita canula. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica with notes on the herpetology and ichthyology of Nicaragua and Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 93-183 [sometimes said to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification]] - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • NAHUAT-CERVERA, P. E., F. PERAZA-ROMERO, AND J. R. CEDENO-VAZQUEZ 2020. Tantillita canula (Yucatecan Dwarf Short-Tail Snake). Predation. Herpetological Review. 51:629-630.
  • Nahuat-Cervera, Pedro Enrique 2020. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hobonil Educative Center, Tzucacab, Yucatán, Mexico. Rev. Latinoamer. Herp. 3 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G., Thomas R. Rainwater, Jan C. Meerman and Stanlee M. Miller. 2016. Nature Notes. Notes on the diet, foraging behavior, and venom of some snakes in Belize. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 162–170 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P, & ANDREWS, E. W. 1936. Notes on snakes from Yucatán. Field Mus. Nat Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 167-187. - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M., O. Flores-Villela, and D. Chiszar 1993. The generic allocation of Tantilla canula. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 29: 126-29 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson L D 1988. Tantillita Smith. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 455: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Wilson, L. D. 1986. The status of the name Homalocranium breve Günther, 1895. Southwestern Naturalist 31 (2): 243-444 - get paper here
  • Wilson, L. D. 1988. Tantilla canula (Cope). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 434 - get paper here
  • Wilson,L.D. 1982. A Review of the Colubrid Snakes of the Genus Tantilla of Central America. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. (52): 1-77
  • Wilson,L.D. 1986. The status of Homalocranium breve Günther, 1895 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Southwestern Naturalist 31:61-62. - get paper here
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